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■■ ■ ' 


VDtUME. 46 ; NUMBER 5 



sJoWi/ d* couldrit ceme Aceneb 

If the service rendered by your gas company is 
not as prompt and efficient as you have learned 
to expect, we know we can count on your under' 
standing of these facts: 

Many men have left our plants and offices" to 
answer their country's call. New workers must 
be trained. Materials are scarce. Truck mile- 
age is rationed, and often it is necessary to "pool" 
service calls in the same neighborhood. ^ Those 
who remain to serve you must not only meet 


normal requirements, but also provide gas serv- 
ice for hundreds of new families; and, more 
important, for military bases and Utah's boom- 
ing war industries. ^ You can help ... by 
taking extra care of your appliances; avoiding 
unnecessary service calls; and making sure no 
gas is wasted in your home. ^- With your con- 
tinued friendly cooperation, we will carry on! 


Sales Offices in Salt Lake City, Ogden and Provo 







By Dr. Franklin S. Harris, Jr. 

HPen of every 27 Americans have blue 
A eyes. 

T'he four hundredth anniversary of 
■^ the death of Nicholas Copernicus 
occurs on May 24, 1943. The great 
Polish astronomer revolutionized and 
simplified man's outlook upon the uni- 
verse with the hypothesis that the 
earth and the other planets rotate 
around the sun, instead of the sun and 
the planets around the earth. 

T Tntil the sixteenth century one of 
*■* the standard methods used in min- 
ing was the heating of rocks, then cool- 
ing suddenly with water so that the 
rock cracked into pieces. 


IITost cases of lead poisoning in cattle 
are due to their licking and swal- 
lowing lead paint. Cattle are more sen- 
sitive to lead than any other domestic 

An atmosphere of luminous hydro- 
■** gen gas is streaming out at a speed 
of 1 ,200,000 miles an hour from a faint 
star in the constellation of Auriga, the 
Charioteer, according to Dr. Paul W. 

Tf linear compression is applied to a 
block of ice, a cracking sound is made 
at about half the pressure required to 
crush it; the ice then stiffens appre- 

Tf the same water remained in the Irish 
channel a full year, the increase in 
the temperature would be a fifth of a 
degree Centigrade due to changing part 
of the energy of the tides into heat 
through friction of the water moving 
over itself. 
4 ! 

"TThough the greatest wave heights 
observed in most oceans are about 
twelve yards, in 1922 the officers of 
the S. S. Majestic reported an average 
height of more than twenty yards and 
some waves as high as thirty yards in 
a storm in the North Atlantic. 

"Courteen new metals have been 
brought into commercial use in the 
past two or three decades. 


Culfathiozole when made into an 
*"* ointment and applied to the skin 
seems to be effective in the treatment 
of acne, impetigo, infected eczema, and 

{Concluded on page 260) 

for ExUa Nourishment 

Extra Flavor 

j milk for those 

and \L\ snacks* 
betv/een-meai sn 


Five ^^^ 


with a glass of fresh 

milk actually 


nutritive value 

of milk! 


Clip and Send Today 

Free Recipe Book 


Purity Biscuit Co., Salt Lake 

Please send my FREE copy of "Cartoon 


Address ...: 

C'tv State 




™* MX of these ***— " 

*»- U T2 BOOT FON 6US 

recl oi9T> without aW 

WHEELER, REYNOLDS & STAUFFER, 636 California St., San Francisco 

Distributors — Wasatch Chemical Co., Salt Lake City and Branches 



'The Glory of God is Intelligence" 

MAY, 19 4 3 





Heber J. Grant, 
John A. Widtsoe, 

Richard L. Evans, 

Managing Editor 
Marba C. Josephson, 

Associate Editor 

George Q. Morris, General Mgr. 
Lucy G. Cannon, Associate Mgr. 
J. K. Orton, Business Mgr. 

JPul fijctit&iL fiagsL 

Thanksgiving and Blessing Heber J. Grant 267 

Conference Addresses See Opposite Page 

In These Times J. Reuben Clark, Jr. 268 

Nobility of Character Essential To a Great Nation 

David O. McKay 270 

Evidences and Reconciliations: LXVX — How May a Testi- 
mony of the Truth of the Gospel Be Obtained? 

John A. Widtsoe 289 

The Church Moves On 286 Executives „ 302 

Priesthood: Melchizedek 296 

Aaronic 299 

Ward Teaching 300 

Music: Forum for Church Mu- 
sicians, Alexander Schreiner..301 

Genealogy 278, 301 

No-Liquor-Tobacco 276 

Mutual Messages: 

Deseret Theatre 262 

Cultural Arts 302 

Special Interest 302 

Gleaners 302 

Explorers _ 302 

M Men Basketball 303 

Juniors 304 

Scouts 304 

Bee-Hive Girls 304 

Sp&riaL Ji&jaiuMA. 

Pioneer Diary of Eliza R. Snow, Part III 272 

Sam Brannan and the Mormons in Early California, Part VIII 

Paul Bailey 280 

M Men Basketball Tournament Les Goates 302 

Exploring the Universe, Frank- Bible Quiz — Mothers 266 

lin S. Harris, Jr 257 Forest Trees for Farm Planting..282 

Telefacts 260 

A New Champion of Faith, 
Archer Willey 261 

Science and Gospel Ideals, Dr. 
John A. Widtsoe 261 

The Deseret Theatre, Edwin H. 
Lauber 262 

Pre-Columbus Irrigation in the 
Southwest, Charles E. Dibble.,264 

The Religious Attitudes of 
Noted Men, Leon M. Strong..266 

On the Book Rack 284 

Homing : Get Out of Debt 290 

For Gardeners 290 

America's Food Crisis 290 

Handy Hints ..... 290 

Cooks' Corner, Josephine B. 

Nichols 291 

Index to Advertisers 309 

Your Page and Ours 320 

To the Mothers of the Race Richard L. Evans 288 

Mother's Day, 1943 Marba C. Josephson 288 

Gathered In Time Dorothy C. Robinson 283 

Frontispiece 265 Like Heaven's Rain, Knox Mun- 

The Upward Look, Weston son 305 

Nordgren - 277 Scriptural Crossword Puzzle 318 

Poetry Page 285 

JhsL QovsJc 

IN peaceful' valleys there are those who wait this May — young mothers among them — 
and children for whom, please God, there may never be a day of leaving homes 
for die struggle of man against man. This cover photograph is from H. Armstrong 

— Photograph by Jeano Orlando 

(Do ynuL Jtiww— 

How plant cuttings may be rooted 
without sand, peat, soil or other 
solid material? 260 

Where evidence of pre-CoIumbus 
irrigation has been found? 264 

What the Church is doing for men 
in the service? 268 

What may be branded as our 
nationwide nuisance number 
one? 270 

Where part three of Eliza R. Snow's 
diary finds the Mormon pio- 
neers? 272 

Whether or not the Mormon Bat- 
talion ever engaged in actual 
combat? 280 

How Welfare facilities will be used 
to assist in home canning? 287 

What some national personalities 
have to say about America's food 
crisis? . ... 290 


50 North Main Street, Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Copyright 1943 by Mutual Funds, Inc., a Cor- 
poration of the Young Men's Mutual Improve- 
ment Association of the Church of Jesus Christ 
of Latter-day Saints. All rights reserved. Sub- 
scription price, $2.00 a year, in advance: 20c 
single copy. 

Entered at the Post Office, Salt Lake City, 
Utah, as second-class matter. Acceptance for 
mailing at special rate of postage provided 
for in section 1103, Act of October, 1917. 
authorized July 2, 1918. 

The Improvement Era is not responsible 
for unsolicited manuscripts, but welcomes con- 
tributions. All manuscripts must be accompanied 
by sufficient postage for delivery and return. 


Salt Lake City: Francis M. Mayo 
San Francisco: Edward S. Townsend 
Chicago: Dougan and Bolle 
New York: Dougan and Bolle 



9nd&c io . 



Note : Conformity with regulations limit- 
ing use of paper during the war emergency 
makes it impossible for this issue of "The 
Improvement Era" to carry an additional 
number of pages as did the enlarged con- 
ference editions of last May and November, 
to accommodate the entire conference 
proceedings in one issue. Proceedings and 
addresses of the Sunday sessions, as well 
as President Clark's address on Monday 
evening, in addition to the annual reports, 
have been included in this issue; remain- 
ing conference addresses will appear in 
following issues. 

Ashton, Marvin O 308 

Authorities of the Church Sustained, 
Ward and Branch Changes, and 

Deaths : 279 

"Blessed is the Nation Whose God is 
the Lord," Joseph Fielding Smith- _ 274 

Church of the Air Broadcast 263, 274 

Church Auditor's Report and Financial 

Statement 1942 282 

Clark, J. Reuben, Jr., In These Times___ 268 

Clawson, Rudger, A Great Work 276 

Evans, Richard L 263, 309 

Great Work, A, Rudger Clawson 276 

Grant, Heber J., Thanksgiving and 

Blessing 267 

In These Times, J. Reuben Clark, Jr. 268 

McKay, David O., Nobility of Character 

Essential to a Great Nation 270 

Missionaries of the Stakes of Zion, 

Levi Edgar Young 277 

Nobility of Character Essential to a 

Great Nation, David O. McKay 270 

Romney, Marion G. 306 

Smith, Joseph Fielding, "Blessed is the 

Nation Whose God is the Lord" 274 

Smith, Nicholas G 310 

Sonne, Alma - 310 

Tabernacle Choir and Organ Broad- 
cast 263 

Thanksgiving and Blessing, Heber J. 

Grant 267 

"Thy Speech Bewrayeth Thee" 263 

Way of Salvation, The, John A. Widt- 

soe 278 

Widtsoe, John A., The Way of Salva- 
tion 278 

Young, Levi Edgar, Missionaries of the 
Stakes of Zion 277 


ONSERVE your car, tires and gasoline 

for essential war work transportation. 


When your car needs lubrication or any 

other service to keep it in fighting trim, drive 

in at this familiar sign of service. 

k **^*^ 


Utah Oil Refining Company Stations 
and Dealers in Its Products 


i raw H£% it was 






Now in its seventh edition 

Order from 


P. O. Box 63 

Salt Lake City, Utah 

Memo to 

Wide-Awake Girls: 

Are You Aware 

that the Y° un 9 men on the 
fighting front are receiving 
an education through train- 
ing and travel, and a first- 
hand introduction to prac- 
tically every culture in the 

that their program includes 
training in the ideals of 
democracy and an appre- 
ciation of the goals for 
which they're fighting? 

that they expect us at home 
to use every opportunity to 
keep in step with them in 
this era of change? 

The Brigham Young Univer- 
sity provides opportunities 
for association with stu- 
dents from many states and 
nations. Its curriculum is 
rich in the Arts, Social 
Sciences, and in practical 
domestic and business 
training that will enable 
you to catch and hold the 
spirit of tomorrow. 

Four Quarters Annually 
Summer Quarter begins June 14 

For information address the President 

Brigham Young University 

Provo, Utah 

• • 

WE OITER . . . 

From Missionary Portraits to the Largest 
Mail Orders Given Prompt Attention 


113 Regent St. Salt Lake City, Utah 








© © 



tJU ±L* ^^ frj^ %h %h ^M %h %b ^M 


<H|y* *v* ^ ^ 0^^ ^r* ^^^ '^r* ^^™ ^(f* ^^ 
Each symbol represents 10 per cent of production in each year 

•Pictograph Corporation 

Exploring the Universe 

(Concluded from page 257) 

"JUTigh blood pressure may be reduced 

A * by treatment with an enzyme tyro- 
sinase extracted from mushrooms if 
preliminary work is confirmed by fur- 
ther experiments. 


A sound film can be made by impreg- 
■ nating cellophane tape with diazo 
compounds. On the tape as much as 
an hour of music can be played without 
stopping. Because its sound track is 
embedded in the base there is no 
scratching in this new recording 

A Russian pilot whose eyelids had 
been scorched, had a pair of arti- 
ficial eyelids given him through a com- 
plex skin grafting operation by Profes- 
sor V. Strakhov. 

A new method permits the rooting of 
*^ plant cuttings without sand, peat, 
soil, or other solid material. Geraniums, 
ivy, chrysanthemums, and other orna- 
mentals have developed normal roots 
in three weeks by suspending the cut 
stems in the moist atmosphere of a spe- 
cially constructed box at the New Jer- 
sey Agricultural Experiment Station. 
The box consists essentially of a water 
trough with strips of absorbent cloth 
to keep the humidity high, shelves of 
builders' lath, and a rubber sheet with 
holes the size of the cuttings. Two 
glass sides, one of them sliding, permit 
observation of the roots and can be 
opened to permit air circulation. 

lass fibers have about the same ten- 
sile strength as piano wire. 

p\R. Frederick Hoelzel in the exam- 
^^^ ination of the skulls of dead bald- 
headed men found that they all had one 
thing in common: the bony growth 
had partially or completely closed the 
spaces through which the blood vessels 
pass out to the scalp, hindering the 
blood circulation of the scalp. Hence, 
men are more likely to be bald than 
women because their bone growth or 
calcification is greater. 











ii Mli 



Each symbol represents 10 per cent of production 

Pictograph Corporation 



A New Champion 
of Faith 

By Archer Willey 


TT^That miracles can be accomplished 
v " when men work together," says 
Henry J. Kaiser, the man who in the hour 
of his country's need has become a sym- 
bol of the will that gets things done. 

"We are learning to pool our hu- 
man and our spiritual resources. . . . All 
things are possible to men of courage 
and faith." Mr. Kaiser's works bear 
out that statement. 

About a post-war world he says, 
"The very day that peace is declared, 
America can enter on the period of her 
most promising prosperity; her greatest 
agricultural and industrial expansion; 
her greatest individual and social op- 
portunity, and last but not least, her 
greatest chance to become the hope of 
the nations of the world." 

This Doer is building something big- 
ger than planes, ships, dams, and 
bridges. He is raising the ensign of a 
workable faith, sounding a clarion call 
to the courageous. "What we need 
now is not baptism by fire, but a bap- 
tism of faith and confidence from which 
will spring a morale to carry us beyond 
victory into the years of great fruition." 

His faith, by his works, challenges 
us to seize the torch and hold it high — 
in the sky-lanes of tomorrow's world. 

■ ♦ ■ 

Science and Gospel 

HFhe Westinghouse Electric and 
A Manufacturing Company has , fi- 
nanced for two years a search for sci- 
ence talent among high school students 
of the United States. Forty young 
men and women were winners of the 
second annual search. These will all 
receive scholarships with which to con- 
tinue their studies. 

In the gathering of this group Dr. 
Edwin G. Conklin, president of the 
American Philosophical Society and of 
Science Service, made a very interest- 
ing address. Among his statements 
are the following: 

Nothing concerns man so much as under- 
standing life — his own life and that of ani- 
mals and plants. The great lesson of evo- 
lution is not that we are descended from 
monkeys (which we are not), but the fact 
that all life, that of plants, animals, and 
men, is fundamentally alike. . . . 

He quotes Louis Pasteur: 

Blessed is he who carries within him- 
self a God, an ideal, and who obeys it 
— ideal of art, ideal of science, ideal of the 
gospel virtues; therein lie the springs of 
great thoughts and great actions; they all 
reflect light from the Infinite. 

It is good to hear such words from 
a leader in scientific investigation and 
in human thought. — /. A. W. 

Prescription for Morale: 

Think of Your Victory Motor Trip! 

It's a blessed relief just to putter 
around fixing up the trailer more effi- 
cient-like . . . and sort of pipe-dreaming 
where you're going. But will you need 
a new car? All reports say it will be 
a long time after Peace before you can 
hope to get one. Be ready to go— in 
your present car. . .and why can't you ? 

Since rationing began you've prob- 
ably "saved" more car-mileage than 
you ever made on your grandest tour. 
After Victory you'll have those "stored- 
up" miles to use, especially if you don't 
allow present restrictions to cause 
acid-damage. Vicious acids are formed 
by normal combustion in any engine. 
When it stops it's an acid trap. It 
used to get rid of acids fairly well by 
warming up on long fast runs. But 
now it often "just sits" with those 
acids inside, and what can you do? 

You can have your engine oil- 
plated internally to combat acid cor- 
rosion... much as outer parts are 
chromium-plated to combat water's 
corrosive effect. All it takes to oil- 

plate your engine is the change to 
Conoco N*h motor oil. Patented N"» 
oil seemingly "magnetizes" oil- 
plating to metal— much longer than 
just temporarily. 

This steadfast oil-plating, joined 
direct to inner engine surfaces without 
all draining down to the crankcase 
while standing, is your shield against 
acid. Now when even new parts are 
scarce — let alone new cars — you'll cast 
off a big worry for the present and 
future by having your engine oil- 
plated. Just change to N^» oil— at 
Your Mileage Merchant's Conoco 
station. Continental Oil Company 

A Special Remembrance for MOTHER'S DAY 



An appreciative son tells the epic story of his mother 
— in many ways the story of all mothers — the appre- 
1 ciation of all sons. 

$1.25 Illustrated 


50 North Main St. Salt Lake City, Utah 



Many oi the war-time 
dollars you invest at 
used to finance dwell- 
ings for defense work- 
ers, thus doing double 
duty .... providing 
homes for them today 
. . . insuring security for 
you tomorrow. As little 
as $1 will open your 
account ... by mail or 
in person. Federally 
Insured to $5000. 

Highest Current 


Rate on 



SowUt&fcmd Conn, 

44 South Main Salt Lake City, Utah 


.-*£t.K .''■•'nntriliier unrn 




Recognized Utah Headquarters in 

Los Angeles 

CLAYTON V. SMITH, Managing Director 

Formerly of Salt Lake City 

• — JhsL CbsMhSiL JJwaJbdL — • 


Since its beginning in the fall of stage the show, and what to use for 

1940 under the name of Interstake money to finance each production. The 

Drama Organization, the Deseret treasury at first usually showed a grand 

Theatre group has had its ups and total of nothing. Indeed, if it had not 

downs — but it continues to carry on, been for John Fetzer, Jr., now a lieuten- 

stronger than ever. Organized to give 
dramatic talent an opportunity in com- 
plete drama production, the group was 
first headed by John Fetzer, Jr., Bea 
Turner, and Arthur Christean as its 
presidency. The unstinted energy and 
work of these show enthusiasts were 
largely responsible for the future suc- 
cess of the little theatre group. Serving 
for two seasons, they were succeeded 
by the present presiding group, Stanley 
Russon, Donald B. Alder, lone Duncan, 
and Edwin H. Lauber. 

Problems that have beset the organi- 
zation from the start are where to build 
scenery, where to practice, where to 







ant in the LI. S. Army, the group might 
not have progressed beyond its first 
showing, the well-received Dear Brutus. 
His financial aid gave the venture a 
good footing which has been main- 
tained, and the group has since been 
able to stay aboveboard. 

Production problems have been met 

and to a degree solved. The M.I. A. 

general board, always helpful to the 

{Concluded on page 301) 



Jab&wadtL QPidVl and. Ohqmc 


During the period from 10:30 to 
11:00 a.m., the regular Sunday 
morning nationwide broadcast of 
choral and organ music and brief 
spoken comment was presented as part 
of the general conference proceedings. 
This program, which will complete its 
fourteenth year of continuous nation- 
wide broadcasting in July of this year, 
was presented by the Tabernacle choir 
and organ, and broadcast through the 
courtesy and facilities of the Columbia 
Broadcasting System's coast-to-coast 
network, throughout the United States. 
The broadcast, written and announced 
by Elder Richard L. Evans, originated 
with radio station KSL, Salt Lake City, 
and was presented as follows: 


Sunday, April 4, 1943 

(The organ and choir broke into "Gently 
Raise" singing words to end of second line, 
from which point choir hummed for an-, 
nouncer's background to end of verse.) 

Richard L. Evans: As another week of 
life begins for all men, we beckon your 
thoughts again unto the hills, according to 
the custom of many years. Each week at 
this hour Columbia presents the music of 
the Tabernacle choir and organ from Tem- 
ple Square in Salt Lake City. This is the 
716th nationwide performance of this tra- 
ditional broadcast from the Crossroads of 
the West. 

The Tabernacle choir is conducted by J. 
Spencer Cornwall. Alexander Schreiner is 
at the organ. The spoken word by Richard 

Evans: We begin with a musical set- 
ting by Arkangelsky, the text for which is 
from the Psalms of David. "Hear my sup- 
plication, O Lord, I pray. Out of the 
depths I cry unto Thee." 

(Choir sang "Hear My Supplication" — 

Evans: We turn now to the writings of 
Schumann as the voice of the Tabernacle 
organ recalls the "Sketch in C Major." 

(Organ presented "Sketch in C. Major" 
— Schumann) 

Evans: From Temple Square we hear 
now the words of a nineteenth century 
hymn by Parley P. Pratt — an expression of 
a fervent yearning, increasingly felt by all 
the world — "Come O Thou King of Kings, 
we've waited long for Thee." 

(Choir sang "Come O Thou King of 
Kings" — Pratt — arranged by Cornwall) 

Evans: A colorful musical pattern takes 
shape now, as the Tabernacle organ moves 
into the vigorous phrases of the "Finale 
from the First Sonata" by Becker. 

(Organ presented "Finale" — Becker) 
Evans: We turn now to "The Elijah" 
by Mendelssohn to hear the unforgettable 
message of a chorus that takes its text from 
Isaiah and the Psalms: "Cry aloud, spare 
not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and 
shew my people their transgressions. . . . 
And then shall thy light break forth as 
the light of morning breaketh. . . . And 
thy righteousness shall go before thee .... 
Then shalt thou call, and the Lord shall 

(Choir sang "And Then Shall Your 
Light' '— "Eli j ah" — Mendelssohn ) 

"Thy Speech Bewrayeth Thee"* 

Richard L. Evans: There is a preva- 
lent practice among us which we would 
like to ignore, but which perhaps, should 
be brought into the open, and freely 
commented upon. We have reference 
to the use of all manner of offensive 
language — but more especially to that 
language which profanes the name of 
Deity. There was a day when the ut- 
tering of strong and violent oaths and 
the use of profanity were associated 
with low places — but somehow or other 
it seems to have over-run the confines 
of the back street, until one may hear 
it sometimes in the most unexpected 
places and from the most unexpected 
people. Frequently those who use it 
are merely careless; some are self- 
consciously blase; others are defiantly 
offensive; and sometimes this manner 
of language is heard from those who 
really want to give strength to what 
they are saying and use this mistaken 
means of doing it. But whenever a 
man feels called upon to use profanity 
in order to emphasize his words, one 
rather suspects that somehow he lacks 
conviction, that his words are lacking 
an inherent sincerity, which lack he is 
trying to cover up by the use of an 
overdose of bad language — like trying to 
kill a bad flavor with heavy seasoning. 
The free use of profanity and oaths, 
aside from its religious and moral as- 
pects, does more perhaps to weaken 
our language than any other practice. 
The English tongue is a powerful tool 
if a man will only use it with simple 
directness and not attempt to blast his 
way through it with obscene or irrev- 
erent or profane speech. But if he 
accompanies virtually everything he 
says with an oath, he has then dis- 
sipated his strength of expression, and 
when he really wants to impress some- 
one with the gravity or importance of 
an utterance, he has no adequate verbal 
ammunition left. And while it may 
seem paradoxical to say so, it is even 
possible that an army could be run 
without profanity. Nor would it seem 
consistent that we should pray for di- 
vine favor, for deliverance, for the 
preservation of the lives of ourselves 
and our young men, for the victory of 
our cause, and for peace, and then go 
about profaning the name of that God 
whom we have supplicated for these 
things. "Thou shalt not take the name 
of the Lord thy God in vain; for the 
Lord will not hold him guiltless that 
taketh His name in vain." "Our Father 
which art in heaven, hallowed be thy 
name." Would that all men would 
cease this thoughtless and offensive 
practice. {Concluded on page 314) 

* Matthew 26:73 


For the Soldier away from home 

For the Missionary 

For the Friend 

For Father and Mother 


By Heber J. Grant $2.25 


By Richard L. Evans _ 1.50 


By Dr. John A. Widtsoe 1.25 




By Joseph Fielding Smith 1.25 


By L. D. S. Auxiliaries 25 


By Richard L. Evans 1.50 

Order now . . . 


P. O. Box 63 

Salt Lake City, Utah 

Please send the Books checked above. 
Send C. O. D. 

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Ljospel S^tavidards ... 


The life and times and enduring testimony of 

President Heber J. Grant 


50 North Main St., Salt Lake City, Utah 
384 pages Handsomely Bound 



in, Uul SoidfuvMt 


The story of the American Indian's 
life in the arid southwestern 
United States, the story of his 
struggle with nature to gain his food, 
was illustrated by Dr. Emil Haury, 
anthropologist of the University of 
Arizona, when, with co-workers, he 
located an early irrigation canal in Pa- 
pago Indian country. 

Irrigation, a practice which enabled 
the Indians to rely on agriculture, was 
an important step in their cultural pro- 
gress. It enabled them to become a 
sedentary people, to live together in 
larger groups, plan their labors, and 
to use free hours to develop and im- 
prove their arts and industries. 

From the air, Dr. Haury recently 
sighted a long thin line of green vege- 
tation stretching across the Papago 
Indian desert near the Baboquivari 
Mountains and identified it as a ten- 
mile pre-Columbus irrigation canal. The 
canal was originally five feet deep and 
eight feet wide. The Indians con- 
structed the ditch to gather the run-off 
from the Baboquivari Mountains and 
carry it ten miles to the flat desert 
lands. Digging into the silt and fill of 
the canal, Dr. Haury's workmen dis- 
covered broken pottery discarded by 
the original builders. Dr. Haury studied 
the pottery and correlated it with pot- 
tery from archaeological sites dated by 
a tree-ring method developed by Dr. 
Douglass, a colleague of Dr. Haury at 
the University of Arizona. It was con- 
cluded that the canal was constructed 
and used by the Indians during the 
fourteenth century. 

Archaeologists have revealed that 
intricate irrigation systems dotted the 
southwest in pre-Columbus times. In the 
Salt River Valley, Arizona, two hun- 
dred fifty square miles of desert land 
was reclaimed by an irrigation system. 
The Gila Valley possessed a network 
of canals. 

These irrigation networks were con- 
structed by the Indians without beasts 
of burden and only with the aid of 
stone and wooden implements. The 
planning, digging, and maintaining of 
the canals imply a people with vision, 
able leadership, and a complex social 



The original of this photo- 
graph is a colored drawing in the 
possession of Mrs. Clara Hendel 
of Colchester, Illinois, Lucy 
Mack Smith's only living grand- 
daughter, now eighty-one years of 
age. The drawing was passed on 
to Mrs. Hendel by her mother, 
Lucy Smith Miliken, sister of the 

Before discovery of the draw- 
ing last December by Elder George 
Albert Smith of the Council of 
the Twelve and Preston Nibley 
on a visit to Mrs. Hendel, the 
only likeness of the Prophet's 
mother known to the Church had 
been an artist's conception. 

Lucy Mack Smith was the 
mother of six sons and three 
daughters reared under the try- 
ing circumstances of life on the 
frontier. From the beginning she 
had an abiding faith in the work 
of her prophet-son, and in the 
days of persecution and misunder- 
standing stood unfailingly by him. 
With the Church, she moved in 
successive stages westward to 
Nauvoo, where she bore the grief 
of Joseph and Hyrum's martyr- 
dom. She died at Nauvoo in 1S55, 
in her seventy-ninth year, known 
to all as "Mother Lucy," honored 
and respected by the Church she 
had given so much to establish. 






White ClearThtough! 

Pale sunlight, sifted through sheer white 
curtains . . . filling your home with powdered gold 
banishing winter's warmed-up mustiness ... 

Springtime! . . . Curtain time . . . and more than ever, 
Fels-Naptha time. Because these fine fabrics must be washed 
gently — yet so thoroughly they're white clear through. 

Trust Fels-Naptha's gentle naptha and golden soap for 
this. Rich, active suds literally soak the dirt away. Make 
rubbing just a gesture. 

You need plenty of Fels-Naptha Soap right now. 
Because it puts an extra sparkle in Spring 
House Cleaning. And because this fine, 
all-purpose soap is now on the list 
marked, 'Mustn't Waste'. 





By Leon M. Strong 

AS to the religious convictions of 
Andrew Jackson, the present 
writer is not informed, but Jackson 
seemed acquainted with his Bible. 
When South Carolina was bidding de- 
fiance to the Union in 1832-33, "The 
president (Jackson) swore with cus- 
tomary emphasis that the Union 
should be preserved, and that he would 
hang 'as high as Haman' any and every 
one who dared to raise his hand 
against it." 1 

Daniel Webster showed a sincere 
religious attitude in his famous reply to 
Senator Hayne of South Carolina. Said 
Webster : 

While the Union lasts, we have high, 
exciting, gratifying prospects spread out 
before us for us and our children. Beyond 
that I seek not to penetrate the Veil. God 
grant that, in my day at least, that curtain 
may not rise. God grant that on my vision 
never may be opened what lies behind! When 
my eyes shall be turned to behold for the 
last time the sun in heaven, may I not see 
him shining on the broken and dishonored 
fragments of a once glorious union, on states 
dissevered, discordant, belligerent; on a land 
rent with civic feuds; or drenched, it may be, 
in fraternal blood. 2 

Voltaire, who with consummate skill 
of logic and rhetoric flaunted the ex- 
istence of God, crept back in his old 
age to his estate and built there a 
church dedicated to the Unknown God.* 

^Ellis' History, vol. 3, p. 744 
2 Webster's Reply to Hayne 

3 Dr. John A. Widtsoe, The Improvement Era, May 
1935, p. 287 



1. Who is described as "the mother of 
all living"? 

2. Who had the promise that she was to 
be "the mother of nations"? 

3. What mother helped her second son 
falsely obtain a birthright? 

•4. Who carried a little coat to her son 
every year? 

5. What city is described as "the mother 
of us all"? 

6. Who described herself as "a mother 
in Israel"? 

7. What mother told her two widowed 
daughters-in-law to return to their mother's 
house? What was the result? 

8. What mother looked out of a window 
and cried for the return of her son from 

9. What miracle was performed to en- 
able a widow to pay her debts? 

10. Ezekiel said: "As is the mother, so 
is the daughter." What was he describing? 

(Answers will be found on page 291) 


anxL &1mam^ 



Presented at the first session of the 113th 

Annual Conference held in the Salt Lake 

Tabernacle, Sunday, April 4, 1943 

Jo the Latter-day Saints all over the world 
I send my love and my greetings, 
president HEBER J. grant My physician, Dr. Gill Richards, pleaded with me not 

to speak at this conference, but he gave me perfect liberty 
to dictate anything I wanted to say, and I am therefore 
sitting down to dictate, and if I were to dictate all I would like to say I fear my sermon 
would be so long very few would read it. 

I want to say that my heart goes out in the deepest sympathy and in the most sincere 
and earnest prayer that I have ever offered for the comforting influence of the Lord to be 
given to the brethren and sisters who have sons in the war at the present time. I pray 
that the Lord will bless each and every boy who has been called or who has gone into the 
service, and that He will help each of them to live in accordance with the principles of the 
gospel, so that each may have a claim to the blessings of the Lord to the full extent that 
accords with His wisdom. I pray that, so far as it accords with the providence of the Lord, 
each of them may be preserved from accident, sickness, and death to return in due course 
to his loved ones. I pray God to help them to stand up under the terrible strain which 
they must meet. I appeal to the Lord to bring the war to an end at the earliest possible 
date. My heart goes out to all of you. One of my daughters has six boys, five of whom 
have been called to the service. Her two daughters are married, so that her family con- 
sists of herself, her husband, and one son. There are many others in the same condition. 
Each one of my daughters has sons or daughters that are in the war, and I pray earnestly 
for the comforting influence of the Spirit of the Lord to be given them to assist them in 
carrying their burdens. I am praying with all my heart and soul for the end of this war 
as soon as the Lord can see fit to have it stop, and I am praying earnestly for the sweet and 
comforting influence of the Spirit of the Lord to be with each and all who have their loved 
ones in the war. 

I expressed my delight in the following language years ago when I came back after a 
serious operation: 

It is a source of great pleasure to me to once more stand before the Latter-day Saints in this ; 
Tabernacle. As most of the Latter-day Saints assembled are aware, it is nearly a year since I oc- 
cupied this position, during which time I have undergone a very serious surgical operation, which, 
according to medical journals, should have ended my life. It is recorded that it is impossible for a 
man to recover who is in the condition that I was found to be in at the time of the operation. But I 
am grateful to be here; and I feel to thank my Heavenly Father, and the brethren of the Priesthood 
who administered to me and blessed me during the ordeal and promised me that I should recover. 
Since that time I have also been very sick with pneumonia. Some years ago I tried to insure my 
life, but the companies refused. Their physicians told me that if I ever took pneumonia I would die. 
But I am still here, notwithstanding the report of the physicians of the life insurance companies. It is 
a source of pleasure to me to again mingle my voice with the Latter-day Saints and to bear testimony 
of the knowledge that I possess of the divinity of the work in which we are engaged. 

I express my delight once more today in dictating a message to the Latter-day Saints. 
Years ago I made a short speech that lasted a minute and a half to the effect that we were 
the architects of our own lives, and that we and we alone are responsible for not making a 
success of life. What I said was as follows: 

If you want to know how to be saved, I can tell you: it is by keeping the commandments of God. 
No power on earth, no power beneath the earth will ever prevent you or me or any Latter-day Saint 

(Continued on page 317) 


n These Times 

My brethren: I believe perhaps I 
have never had a more trying 
time than that which confronts 
me now. We have been hearing about 
the war, its purposes, and our part 
therein. I have the misfortune of re- 
membering a little history; the most of 
my mature life has been spent dealing 
with the relationships of nations. I 
wish the picture were as clear and cer- 
tain to me as it has been drawn, either 
as to its issues or its outcome. 

I am not going to preach a sermon 
tonight, brethren. There are some 
things that I thought it might be well to 
run over with you. They deal largely 
with our temporal affairs, though not 
wholly so. I come to you in deep hu- 
mility. I do not think I ever felt weaker. 

Helps for Men in the Service 

We have over on State Street, as 
all you presidents of stakes and you 
bishops know, a missionary home, or a 
home for the L. D. S. service men. We 
have housed therein a committee which 
is trying to act as a liaison group 
between the soldiers and you brethren. 
I want to speak briefly about the work 
of that committee and ask your further 

Before doing that, I should like to 
get a few facts. Will all those who 
saw service in the uniform of their 
country during World War No. I stand 
on their feet. ( Several hundred arose. ) 

Thank you, brethren. If I might say 
so, I also was then in the service. 

I would like all those who have sons 
now in the army to stand on their feet. 
(As many as a third of the audience 
arose.) Please remain standing. I 
should like to add to that number all 
those wfeo have grandsons in the serv- 
ice, and add to that all those who have 
sons or grandsons who are subject to be 
called into service. Will you all stand, 
please. (About two-thirds or three- 
fourths of the audience came to their 

Thank you, brethren. 

President Grant has now in the serv- 
ice, or due for induction into the serv- 
ice, including his grandsons-in-law, 
eighteen men. 

This war business is going to be felt 
very keenly by us. 

Away back in October we sent out 
word to the presidents of stakes telling 
them that we were going to print some 
literature to be distributed to the boys. 
We have had printed the Book of Mor- 
mon, this is one of them (holding it 
up to view), which they can carry 
here in their breast pockets. We have 
also had printed a little book we call 
Principles of the Gospel, that is founded 



Of the First Presidency 

Delivered at the fifth session 
of the 113th Annual Confer- 
ence in the Salt Lake Taber- 
nacle, Monday evening, April 
5, 1943 


on the Compendium. It will not be 
quite so large as this Book of Mormon. 
We have printed enough so that they 
can be distributed to every one of our 
boys who is in the service. 

We asked each of you presidents of 
stakes to send in the names and address- 
es of the men in the service from your 
stakes, securing the same from the par- 
ents, through the bishops. That was in 
October. Ten stakes have not even ac- 
knowledged the receipt of the instruc- 
tions. We have no word from them. 
All told, 239 wards and 42 branches 
have made no return whatever. The 
returns that have been made have been, 
frequently, so imperfectly made out that 
it is almost impossible to work out just 
what the names are, but more particu- 
larly just what the addresses are. Now, 
we are going to send to you brethren, 
you presidents of stakes, as many copies 
of this Book of Mormon and of the 
Principles of the Gospel as you have 
indicated you have boys in the service 
from your stakes 

We are going to ask you to see that 
they are mailed out to those boys to 
those addresses. We shall probably 
send along a form and ask you to write 
out a new statement regarding the boys, 
showing their addresses, their names, 
and so on. It is very difficult for those 
who are compiling these names to be 
sure that you have correctly stated the 
facts about them; the difference be- 
tween "sen," and "son," is not always 
observed, and other like inaccuracies 
are there. 

Now we have also prepared a direc- 

tory, giving the locations of all of our 
chapels and churches throughout the 
United States, in England, and in 
Australia. We would like you presi- 
dents of stakes to call at the L. D. S. 
Home for Service Men, 41 North State 
Street, just above Eagle Gate, before 
you go home, and get enough copies of 
those directories so that you can give 
one to each of your boys in the service, 
and we ask you to distribute them 
through the bishops, so that the bishops 
can give one to each parent who has 
a son in the service. 

When you send us these names, we 
send them out to the mission fields, and 
out in the mission fields where the 
camps are located, the mission presi- 
dents have districted the areas, to aid 
them in getting in touch with your boys. 
The directory will help the boys to 
get in touch with their Church. 

Brethren, I do not believe it is neces- 
sary, after what has been said tonight, 
to urge upon you the importance of 
sending us these names, to urge upon 
you the importance of seeing that every 
boy — your boy and everybody's else — 
has a copy of these books. They will 
need all they can get from these books, 
to help them live righteously. 

We have all sorts of letters from the 
boys in the fields telling us of the work 
which they are doing. We have asked 
them to organize themselves into Mu- 
tual Improvement groups, and carry 
on their religious activities. We have 
had two or three letters from a boy in 
North Africa — that is all we know about 
him as to his location — but he tells us 
that they hold sacrament meetings, ad- 
minister the sacrament, that they preach, 
that they try to sustain one another, 
build up the faith the one of the other. 

Now, brethren, please pay attention 
to this. Get your directories before 
you go home. We will send you copies 
of the books with instructions. Then 
will you please send back to us the new 
lists corrected, so that we can forward 
them to the missions. 

Send out your books to your boys; 
give them all the help that you can, and 
that act plus your letters and your 
prayers, will be about all you can do. 



Mow I want to thank the brethren of 
^ the Church, for their response in 
the matter of tithing. Brother Grant 
thanked you in his opening message. I 
would like to tell you two or three facts 
about tithing. One is that 95^ percent 
of all the tithepayers in the Church 
pay less than $200 per person, which is 
67 percent of the total tithing. Thus 
the tithing is paid by the moderately 
circumstanced and poor of the Church. 
And while unnecessary, I can add to 
the assurance given you by President 
Grant, that he regards these funds as 
trust funds of the highest character, 
that he is authorizing their expenditure 
for nothing but Church purposes, and 
while at the moment we seem to have 
plenty of money, we are trying to guard 
it as carefully as we know how, be- 
cause it is expected that the time will 

which God has given to us, we will care 
for our own; and we can do it. Do 
not be lulled to sleep by any such false 
religious, or governmental, or social 
slogan as that the State owes to every 
man a subsistence. "In the sweat of 
thy face shalt thou eat bread" (Gen. 

Welfare Fundamentals 

"VTow about the Welfare. We have al- 
^ ways regarded the Welfare as be- 
ing set up for the needy; and when we 
have spoken of the needy we have 
thought of those who did not have 
enough to eat or to wear; but there is 
a new group of needy coming now — - 
those who will need help to carry on 
their work — whether they be farmers 
or merchants, or industrialists. In the 
good old days when I was a boy we 
used to change work. You men out 

t want to thank the brethren of the 
* Church for their response in the 
matter of tithing. 






come when we shall have use for it, if 
it shall then be worth anything. 

Brother Marion G. Romney read to 
us yesterday from some of the early 
instructions sent out by the First Presi- 
dency covering the question of so-called 
pensions, doles, or gratuities. You re- 
member on one occasion the Savior 
talked about the duty running between 
parents and children, and based it upon 
that statement in the Decalogue, "Hon- 
or thy father and thy mother." It 
would be a grievous thing, brethren, 
if any of you, or if any of us, were to 
cast off our parents on the State. 

The Church is prepared, with your 
help and assistance, to take care of 
those who need such assistance, and if 
any of the Saints have cast their par- 
ents off, see if you can not get them to 
take them back and administer to their 
wants themselves, and if they need help 
in this, let them go to the bishop and get 
it in the right way. 

Think of it, brethren, casting off the 
mother that bore and nursed you, the 
father that begot you, letting the State 
care for them — and there are such cases. 

If we shall hold ourselves together, 
if we shall work shoulder to shoulder, 
if we shall rise to the dignity of our 
Priesthood, and assume the obligations 

in the country know all about that, and 
those who are as gray as I am have been 
through it. 

Brethren, the man who has a crop 
that needs harvesting is just as much in 
need as anyone else. See to it that your 
Priesthood quorums are so organized 
that that need may be cared for, and 
do not push off this work upon the 
Chamber of Commerce. It is your re- 

For several years we have been talk- 
ing about Welfare gardens. Remem- 
ber, we began that some time ago, long 
before Victory gardens were thought 
of, and we urged you that if you could 
not get a garden spot for yourself, that 
you get together in groups, that you 
raise what you needed, and having 
raised it, that you then "process" it, 
as it is now called. Now, with all the 
earnestness that I possess, I urge this 
course upon you again. I do not know 
how serious this food shortage is, but 
I do know this: We cannot feed the 
world, feed ourselves, fight the world, 
and furnish arms and ammunition for 
the world, and still live. I know what 
the situation is around here, because 
I am in a position where I have to 

I want to say something more: Up 

to this time your home-processed foods 
have not been touched. You have not 
had to count them. Of course in prin- 
ciple it is a little difficult to see the differ- 
ence, on the one hand, between the man 
who, foreseeing and trying to forestall 
a future shortage, went out into the 
market a year or two or three years 
ago and bought and stored foodstuffs, 
and, on the other hand, the man who 
for the same purposes went out and 
raised his food and then did his own 
processing. If they can ration what is 
yours that you bought, by the same 
token they can ration what is yours 
that you raise. Now, you might have 
that in mind, too. Your own processed 
foods will probably be the last thing 
that will be touched, but you had better 
have it in mind that it may be rationed 
if not actually taken. 

However, I can see no other wise 
course but to raise all that you can. 
Waste nothing. Try to help others 
who cannot raise their own. Process 
enough to keep your family, and then 
if you have to surrender it, you have 
done your part, and the judgment and 
responsibility for the result will rest 
upon somebody else. 

I would like to say something about 
another point. Ever since the Welfare 
Plan began, we have been urged to try 
to do a great number of things. Times 
such as these make men prolific in the- 
ories? they are filled with wild ideas. 
One of the most difficult things that we 
have had to do is to stick to our knit- 
ting, to see that we did not get off into 
lines of activity which we could not 
successfully carry on, because the 
Church — do not forget this, brethren — 
the Church must not fail! 

Some of the brethren are anxious to 
begin cooperatives. We are quite will- 
ing that they shall go forward in any 
plan of that kind that they themselves 
determine, but we ask you to remember 
that it takes a merchant to run a coop- 
erative; just anybody cannot do it. It 
involves great and difficult problems in 
credit — credit to friends and credit to 
neighbors, who may be good or bad 
risks. But go ahead with your coopera- 
tives if you wish, if you feel you are set 
up for it. But please remember coop- 
eratives are not part of the Welfare 
Plan. That plan has to do with the car- 
ing for the wants of those who are in 
need and distress, not in saving money 
or making money for groups. 

I would like you to give most care- 
ful consideration to these things which 
I have named. There are one or two 
other points that I want to mention. 

Social Problems 

"Crom the foundation of this Church, 
almost, we have regarded marriage 
as one of the holiest relationships into 
which we enter, marriage for time and 
eternity, a home here and a home here- 
after. Now, you can only be married 
that way in the temple, and only those 
(Continued on page 314) 


Nobility of Character 

Inasmuch as ye shall keep my command- 
ments, ye shall prosper, and shall be led to a , 
land of promise (I Nephi 2:20). 

That inspired promise made over 
two thousand years ago, referred 
to America, in loyalty to which 
every true American can say in his 

Breathes there a man, with soul so dead, 
Who never to himself hath said, 
This is my own, my native land! 
Whose heart hath ne'er within him burned, 
As home his footsteps he hath turned, 
From wandering on a foreign strand! 

In the giant forest of the Sequoia 
National Park there is standing even 
today, a living tree that was three 
thousand years old when Columbus 
discovered America. One cannot stand 
by the side of this, in all probability the 
oldest living thing in the world, with- 
out wishing that it had the intelligence 
and power to tell the story of the races 
and peoples who for forty centuries 
have lived, flourished, and decayed in 
this choicest, most wonderful of all 
lands. The origin and the rise of the 
Incas might have antedated this old 
tree's birth, and possibly the coming of 
the Jaredites might have preceded by 
a few hundred years this ancient tree's 
beginning, but the downfall of the 
Jaredites, the beginning, rise, and end 
of the Nephites, the influx of European 
peoples, the conquest of Mexico, the 
subjugation of the Indians, and the 
flourishing of European civilization, 
have all come within the life-span of 
this awe-inspiring, death-defying, di- 
vinely created thing. Nations have 
risen and nations have perished in the 
Americas— a land on which it is de- 
creed no king shall ever hold sway. 

To each and all of these nations the 
land was a blessed land, and today is 
even more glorious than ever. No ob- 
server can travel from the sun-kissed 
beaches of the Pacific to the wooded 
hills and power-producing rivers of 
New England without being thrilled 
by the greatness of these United States. 
The painted deserts of the West, flow- 
er-carpeted in springtime, and holding 
hidden beauty and entrancing interest 
in every season — the inspiring monu- 
ments of the Rockies, harboring snows 
as reservoirs for crops in valleys below 
— the colorful canyons, painted only 
by the Creator Himself — the fertile 
food-producing valley of the Missis- 
sippi — the mighty forests of the North- 
west — the navigable rivers — the cli- 
mate, varying to suit all needs and con- 
ditions — all these and a thousand other 
equally glorious and productive fea- 
tures bear witness to the age-old de- 


claration that this is a "land choice 
above all other lands," and inspire 
every patriot to say, "This is my own, 
my native land." Millions of Ameri- 
cans today declare with Winthrop: 
"Our country, to be cherished in all our 
hearts, to be defended by all our 

America, and this includes Canada 
and the Southern Republics, was a 
choice land when the Jaredites left the 
land of Shinar approximately four thou- 
sand years ago. So was it fourteen hun- 
dred years later when Lehi and his 
colony formed the nucleus of a nation, 
prospered on the bounty of the country, 
and after a thousand years perished 
because of transgression. 

America was a great land when the 
stately Indian chiefs ruled their tribes, 
which thrived from the Behring Sea 
in the north to the Panama and the 
towering Andes in the south. 

Today, yielding to the demands of 
the greatest economic era since the 
dawn of her creation America is dem- 
onstrating the vastness of her re- 
sources and the extent of her natural 
possibilities as never before. Well may 
we sing: 

I love thy rocks and rills, 
Thy woods and templed hills; 
My heart with rapture thrills 
Like that above. 

This country is not only the choicest 
of all lands, but now the preserver of 
true liberty, and the hope of civilized 

However, as I have already implied, 

Integrity Fundamental 

The foundation of a noble character 
is integrity. By this virtue the strength 
of a nation, as of an individual, may 
be judged. No nation can ever be- 
come truly great, and win the confi- 
dence of other peoples, which to fur- 
ther its own selfish ends will, for ex- 
ample, consider an honorable treaty as 
"a mere scrap of paper." No nation 
will become great whose trusted offi- 
cers will pass legislation for personal 
gain, who will take advantage of a pub- 
lic office for personal preferment, or to 
gratify vain ambition, or who will, 
through forgery, chicanery, and fraud, 
rob the government or be false in office 
to a public trust. 

Honesty, sincerity of purpose, must 
be the dominant traits of character in 
leaders of a nation that would be truly 

"I hope," said George Washington, 
"that I may ever have virtue and firm- 
ness enough to maintain what I con- 
sider to be the most enviable of all 
titles — the character of an honest man." 

It was Washington's character more 
than his brilliancy of intellect that 
made him the choice of all as their na- 
tural leader when the thirteen original 
colonies decided to sever their con- 
nection with the mother country. As 
one in eulogy to the father of our coun- 
try truly said: 

When he appeared among the eloquent 
orators, the ingenious thinkers, the vehe- 
ment patriots of the Revolution, his modesty 
and temperate profession could not con- 
ceal his superiority; he at once, by the very 



a country may be ever so great and 
fruitful, yet a nation subsisting upon it 
be impotent and decadent. As Lyman 
Abbot has truly said: 

The greatness of a nation is measured, 
not by its fruitful acres, but by the men 
who cultivate those acres; not by great 
forests, but by the men who use those forests; 
not by its mines, but by the men who work 

God has made America fruitful; 
man must make and keep the nation 

nature of his character, was felt to be their 

Men of sterling statesmanship, unknown 
or renowned, who strive to emulate his 
strength of character constitute today as 
always the greatest asset of our mighty and 
much beloved United States. 

Also bearing record to integrity and 
honor as being an indispensable ele- 
ment in a truly great nation is the life 
of the immortal Lincoln, in whom was 
"vindicated the greatness of real good- 
ness, and the goodness of real great- 
ness," to whose character the passing 

$A&at TLaiiotL 

Delivered at the first session of the 

\\3th Annual Conference, in the 

Salt Lake Tabernacle, Sunday, 

April 4, 1943. 



Of the First Presidency 


centuries can add only more brilliant 

The purest treasure mortal times afford 
Is spotless reputation: that away, 
Men are but guilded loam, or painted clay. 
(Richard II, Act I, Sc. 1) 

The American Home 

A second essential, fundamental ele- 
**" ment in the building and in the 
perpetuity of a great people is the 
home. "The strength of a nation, es- 
pecially of a republican nation, is in 
the intelligent and well-ordered homes 
of the people." If and when the time 

suicide and tandem polygamous rela- 
tionships made possible by lax divorce 
laws are enemies of an ideal national 
life. The increase throughout the United 
States in the percentage of divorces is 
alarming, and this insidious evil is in- 
creasing in the Church itself. There 
are too many couples in the Church 
who, when difficulties arise, seek the 
remedy in divorce courts. 

In the well-ordered home we may 
experience on earth a taste of heaven. 
It is there that the babe in a mother's 
caress first experiences a sense of 
security; finds in the mother's kiss the 
first realization of affection; discovers 
in mother's sympathy and tenderness 
the first assurance that there is love in 
the world. 

A week or so ago conditions made it 
necessary that I share a Pullman with 
forty soldier boys — gentlemen they 
were, a credit to any nation. In course 
of a conversation, one of them re- 
marked: "My dad's hair too is white"; 
then he added in a tone that expressed 
the depth of his feeling: "How I should 
like to see that old gray head this morn- 

He and his companions were en 
route for an encampment to complete 
their training before embarking for 
overseas. They are enlisted to defend 
not only the free agency of man but 
the rights and sanctity of home and 
loved ones. Such an affection for home 
and loved ones as felt by that soldier 
boy will make death preferable to sur- 
render to an enemy who would destroy 
all that true American soldiers hold 

A National Nuisance 

At this point I must mention an in- 
sidious evil that is destroying, termite- 
like, the foundation of character as 
well as that of the home and nation. 
I refer to the appalling increase in the 
use of tobacco, particularly among the 

Tn the Church there is no double standard of 
*" morality. . . . Pure water does not flow from 
a polluted spring — nor a healthy nation from 
a diseased parentage. 

ever comes that parents shift to the state 
the responsibility of rearing their chil- 
dren, the stability of the nation will be 
undermined, and its impairment and 
disintegration will have begun. 

The increasing divorce rate in the 
United States today is a threatening 
menace to this nation's greatness. Race 

young. Of its uselessness, expensive- 
ness, injuriousness to health, I will say 
nothing. I shall refer only to its un- 
dermining effect on character and to its 

Respect for another's rights and 
property is fundamental in good gov- 
ernment. It is a mark of refinement in 

the individual. It is a fundamental 
Christian virtue. Nicotine seems to 
dull, if not to kill completely this trait 
of true culture, and women are fast 
becoming its pitiable victims, and the 
worst offenders in society. There are 
still a few trains that carry non-smok- 
ing compartments, a few eating places 
with signs, "No smoking." In viola- 
tion of such placards, it is not infre- 
quent, however, to see a woman with 
utter disregard for the feelings of her 
fellow-passengers, the first in a car 
to light a cigarette. On one occa- 
sion, when the conductor politely 
called a woman's attention to the fact 
that a smoking car was in the rear, 
she blandly replied: "Oh, I'm quite 
comfortable where I am, thank you!" 

It is not uncommon now to see bu- 
reaus, dressing tables, desks, mantles, 
and other pieces of furniture in first- 
class hotels marred by burning cigar- 
ettes. Ashes litter costly carpets. 
Railroad stations, theatre and hotel 
lobbies are littered with burnt-out 
matches, stubs of cigarettes, and cigars. 
Smoking has become our nationwide 
nuisance number one. If men and 
women must smoke, and it seems that 
many are now slaves to that habit, then 
for the sake of cleanliness and neat- 
ness, and pride of our country, as well 
as of consideration for others, let them 
refrain from marring furniture, and 
from strewing ashes and burnt-out 
matches and cigarette stubs in build- 
ings where people assemble either for 
pleasure or instruction. Because of 
thoughtlessness in this regard, many of 
our public places are littered as unkept 

I appeal to young men and women 
of the Church to refrain from this ob- 
noxious habit. To bishops, I would 
say: Choose no person to act as either 
an officer or teacher in your quorums or 
auxiliaries who is guilty of using to- 
bacco. If teachers cannot teach by 
example, their precepts will be as 
"sounding brass and tinkling cymbal." 


T mentioned the home as the most im- 
portant factor in building a great 
nation. The most vicious enemy to 
home life is immorality. At the present 
time social workers are greatly con- 
cerned over the number of young girls 
between fifteen and nineteen who seem 
to have lost all sense of decency and 
who shamelessly sacrifice themselves 
on the altar of lust. Of this evil, Vic- 
tor Hugo writes impressively: 

The holy law of Jesus Christ governs 

our civilization; but it does not yet permeate 

it; it is said that slavery has disappeared 

(Continued on page 313) 





Saturday, May 9. [Brigham] pass- 
ing, stopp'd in. Call'd into Sarah's. 
Found Sis[ter] Whitney quite ill with 
her lame wrist & in a discourag'd state 
of mind — she was administered to by 
father Smith, Whitney & Kimball. 

Sunday, May 10. Preaching in the 
forenoon — sacrament in the afternoon 
■ — pass'd that this establishment [Gar- 
den Grove] be the property of those 
who go on, & be for a resting place for 
those behind. Father Bent, br. Benson 
& br. Fulmer appointed to preside here 
[Garden Grove] . The day fine, I was 
not able to attend meeting tho'. 

Monday, May 11. Parley's [P. 
Pratt] com[pany] leave with the ex- 
pectation of going to the big Platte to 
commence a farm. Geo. A. [Smith 
arrived today with his [company of 
ten. Amasa Lyman came up & call'c 
on us. Whiting [Markham] return'd 
[from the Pioneer Camp] . 

Tuesday, May 12th. The Camp wish 
to move forward. George Boyd starts 
for Grand river to notify those of our 
Com[pany] who are there with teams 
— I visited B[righa]m's Camp, found 
Eliza, had a few minutes interview with 
Sisfter] Young . . . confirm'd the prom- 
ise of my health. Heber and father 
Chase & family leave to cross the creek. 

Wednesday, May 13. B[righa]m's 
Comfpany] leave this morning,- — 
Amus'd myself by reading one of Wal- 
ter Scott's poems entitled "Rokeby." 
My health much improv'd — I think by 
using a tea made of cranesbill for a few 
days past. Last eve[ning] the clouds 
threaten'd a heavy shower, but pass'd 
off with little rain. Rain'd little today, 
but at night a heavy storm came on. I 
saw the funeral train following to its 
wilderness grave a little child of br. 
Gurley. It was a lonely sight — my 
feelings truly sympathize with those 
who are call'd to leave their dear rela- 
tives by the way. 

Br. Hanes having had considerable 
difficulty — his Comfpany] is broken up. 

Thursday, May 14th. Last night a 
very heavy rain. 

Friday, May 15th. Bishop W[hitney] 
& family leave us this morning. Every 
departure makes us more & more lone- 
ly — it seems almost like the days of 
Peleg when the earth was divided but 
we hope to follow soon — may be the 
pleasure of meeting compensates for 
the parting. 

Sunday, May 17. The meeting held 
at Taylor's camp, which has not mov'd. 
Yesterday I enjoy'd the novel scenery 
of a quilting out-of-doors, after which 
with much conviviality & agreeable so- 
ciability the party took tea with sister 

<t ELIZA R. 

Dalton, the mistress of the quilting — 
present Sis[ter] Markham, Yearsley, 
Gleason, Harriet & Catherine. Our 
treat was serv'd in the tent, around a 
table of bark, spread on bars, supported 
by four crotches driven into the ground 
— and consisted of light biscuits & but- 
ter, dutch cheese, peach sauce, custard 
pie & tea. 

This eve. Warren return'd — had but 
little success in the country — Yearsley 






not expected for several days — looks 
rather discouraging but we are not at 
all discourag'd, tho' we hear that the 
Comp[any] is 30 m[ile]s ahead & still 
going on. 

Monday, May 18. Capt. [Wm.] 
Smith & [Amasa] Lyman, [Bp.] Whit- 
ney leave us quite masters of the field — 
altho' so much alone, I feel no despond- 
ency — my health is daily improving & 
my spirits buoyant — I feel that the 
blessing of the Lord & the blessings of 
many who have gone on attend me. 
Surely happiness is not altogether the 
product of circumstances — our father 
who watches over his children's wel- 
fare will order all things for good — if we 
will put our trust in him, we need not 

But I find from every day's experi- 
ence, that while we are thrown into the 
midst of all sorts of spirits, it is my lot 
to have one about me that is a constant 
annoyance, one with whom I cannot & 
will not hold fellowship — thro' whose 
instrumentality much disquietude has 
been occasioned! 

Tuesday, May 19. This morning 
a circumstance occurr'd which renew'd 
my reflections on the subject of family 
government. Without order all is con- 
fusion, & without mutual action in the 
head, (& mutual feeling & mutual un- 
derstanding must produce mutual ac- 
tion) there can be no order. One par- 
ent must support the claims to respect 
for the other & this can never be done 
while either exposes the faults of the 
other in the presence of the children. 

In the eve [ning] we took leave of our 
transient place of residence — cross'd 
the Creek over which the brethren had 
built a bridge, & went perhaps 3 ms., 
leaving Sis. Yearsley in waiting for her 
husband not yet return'd from the coun- 
try. Our encampment consists of 3 
wagons to wit: Col. M [arkham]s, War- 
ren's & Capt. Dalton's. 

Wednesday, May 20. Rain'd all 
day — did not leave; Bro. Dany came up. 

Thursday, May 21. Rain'd in the 
forenoon, did not leave. 

Friday, May 22. Travel'd 5 m[ile]s, 
came up with Turley & Smith. 

Saturday, May 23. Travel'd 12 
m[ile]s over a rolling prairie. Horace 
Whitney & King came up with us last 
night, who had gone with teams to as- 
sist Col. Markham, br. Yearsley &c. to 



the next location. We overtook Gen. 
[Charles C] Rich — met Kingsbury & 
L. [?] W. [?] going out to trade — 
pass'd a guide board &c. 

Sunday, May 24th. Travel'd 10 or 
11 ms. — 

Monday, May 25th. Rain'd heav- 
ily last night — streams overflow the 
bridges & render them almost impass- 
able. After crossing one where the 
men carried the women over, (br. W. 
Cahoon liberally contributing his serv- 
ices as ferry-boat), we ascended a hill 
on which we had the novel pleasure of 
viewing a huge pile of stones. We ar- 
riv'd at the Camp situated in a small 
grove with a beautiful prospect; happy 
once more to meet with home & friends. 
On the middle fork of the Grand River. 1 

Bishop Miller had started out before 
our arrival. 

Tuesday, May 26th. Spent the day 
at [my brother] Lorenzo's. Call'd at 
Pres. Young's. Hard shower last night. 

Saturday, May 30th. Spent the 
day with Sis[ter] Whitney & Kimball 
at Sarah's — the br[ethre]n rode out for 
council. Had a pleasant interview with 
Sisfter] Young & spoke with [Prest. 
Young] . 

Sunday, May 31st. Conference to- 
day interrupted with rain. Harriet 
[Snow] call'd in the eve[ning]. Said 
L[orenzo] is quite sick — sent him some 
aloy [aloe] . Br. N. Rogers died. 

Monday, June 1st. The month com- 
mences with a volley of nature's 
tears — quite cold. D. Gleason & I are 
in the wagon with a kettle of coals. 
Last night I dream 'd that Sisfter] 

iThe first of June found us in a small grove on the 
middle fork of Grand River. This place, over which 
Elders [Charles C] Rich and [William] Huntington 
were called to preside, was named Pisgah; and from 
this point most of the divisions filed off, one after an- 
other. Colonel Markham appropriated all of his teams 
and one wagon to assist the Twelve and others to pur- 
sue the journey westward, while he returned to the 
States for a fresh supply. 

Companies were constantly arriving and others de- 
parting; while those who intended stopping till the 
next spring were busily engaged in making gardens, 
and otherwise preparing for winter— sheltering them- 
selves in rude log huts for temporary residence. The 
camps were strung along for several hundred miles 
in length from front to rear. — Eliza R. Snow, quoted 
in Women of Motmondom (Tullidge), p. 314 

M[arkham] came to me much animated 
& said that the calculation for us to stop 
here was revers'd & said we were to 
go on — which she this mornfing] ful- 
fill 'd in part — not exactly. 

I do not know why some are call'd 
to more self denial than others — I pray 
that I may live to see the time when 
patience & submission will be rewarded 
in righteousness. 

Inasmuch as I have plead the cause 
of the oppress'd at the risk of life, (for 
my life has been openly threaten 'd in 
consequence of it) — inasmuch as I have 
ever plead the cause of liberty, I think 
God would approbate & sanction as a 
just right for me to be present when the 
saints shall rear the standard to the na- 
tions of the earth; at all events I prefer 
stopping behind for the present that 
every possible means may be appro- 
priated to liberate the Twelve from the 
oppression of selfish ones who never 
have made sacrifices for the truth's sake 
■ — yet I find a trial to my feelings in 
being separated from those with whom 
I have ever been associated in the 

Brown's com[pany] cross the river 

today — Sis[ter] Sessions brought me 
the Hancock Eagle, from Sis[ter] Lyon 
& bade "good bye!" 

Tuesday, June 2. Those of Heber's 
[C. Kimball] com[pany] who were 
ready, leave today with a mingled sen- 
sation of pleasure & regret. I bade sis. 
K[imball] & those connected "fare- 
well." She made me a little present 
which I prize much for her sake. A. 
Fielding arriv'd. 

Wednesday, June 3. Bish[op] 
W[hitney] & family leave this morn- 
fing]. Sister W[hitney] came to our 
wagon & sang me a beautiful song of 
Zion, which I rejoic'd in as a parting 
blessing — it is a season not to be for- 
gotten. Whiting [Markham] goes to 
drive team for Heber [C. Kimball] . 
About noon Harriet [Snow] came & 
helping me to a horse, I rode home with 
her — found [my brother] L[orenzo] 
very sick, altho' the medicine I sent on 
Sun [day] evefning] had a good effect. 
I pray the Lord to restore him to health 
— I feel the worth of his unremitting 
kindness to myself and others. — Walk'd 
home at night. 

Thursday, June 4. Bro. Dalton left 
—Wrote a letter to S[arah] M. [Kim- 
ball] expecting Br. M[arkham] to 
start to Nauvoo but he did not get off. 
Mov'd into a house built of logs, some 
peal'd & some with bark on, layed up 
cob fashion from 3 to 8 inches apart — 
the roof form'd by stretching the tent 
cloth over the ridge pole & fastening at 
the bottom on the outside, which, with 
carpeting, blankets, &c, fasten'd up at 
the north end to prevent the wind which 
is almost cold as winter, we find our- 
selves very comfortably & commodi- 
ously situated. 

Heard that one of the br[ethre]n, 
sent to Brown for a yoke of cattle 
which he had appropriated — I not only 
feel reconciled, but rejoice that we 
stopp'd that others may have the means, 
br. Mfarkham] having given up all his 
(Continued on page 316) 



Lbu JthiL YbriiwL 

ti T m \ lessed is the nation whose God is 
ps the Lord, and the people whom 
J— * he hath chosen for his own in- 
heritance" (Psalms 33:12). So said 
the Psalmist. This saying it would be 
well for the people of America to re- 

No nation has been more greatly 
blessed than has the United States. We 
live in a land which has been called 
choice above all other lands by divine 
pronouncement. The Lord has watched 
over it with a jealous care and has com- 
manded its people to serve Him lest 
His wrath be kindled against them and 
His blessings be withdrawn. Our gov- 
ernment came into existence through 
divine guidance. The inspiration of 
the Lord rested upon the patriots who 
established it, and inspired them through 
the dark days of their struggle for inde- 
pendence and through the critical period 
which followed that struggle when they 
framed our glorious Constitution which 
guarantees to all the self-evident truth 
proclaimed in the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, "that all men are created 
equal: that they are endowed by their 
Creator with certain inalienable rights : 
that among these are life, liberty, and 
the pursuit of happiness." That is to 
say, it is the right of every soul to have 
equal and unrestricted justice before 
the law, equal rights to worship accord- 
ing to the dictates of conscience and to 
labor according to the individual in- 
clinations, independently of coercion or 
compulsion. That this might be, the 
Lord has said, "I established the Con- 
stitution of this land, by the hands of 
wise men whom I raised up unto this 
very purpose and redeemed the land 
by the shedding of blood" (D. & C. 

The founders of this nation were men 
of humble faith. Many of them saw 
in vision a glorious destiny for our 
government, provided we would faith- 
fully continue in the path of justice and 
right with contrite spirits and humble 
hearts, accepting the divine truths which 
are found in the Holy Scriptures. The 
appeal of these men has echoed down 
the passing years with prophetic warn- 
ing to the succeeding generations, 
pleading with them to be true to all 
these standards which lay at the founda- 
tion of our government. This country 
was founded as a Christian nation, with 
the acceptance of Jesus Christ as the 
Redeemer of the world. It was pre- 
dicted by a prophet of old 1 that this 
land would be a land of liberty and it 
would be fortified against all other na- 
tions as long as its inhabitants would 
serve Jesus Christ; but should they stray 
from the Son of God, it would cease 
to be a land of liberty and His anger 
be kindled against them. 

1 Lehi in Book of Mormon, 2 Nephi 1 :7 


Address delivered oyer KSL and the Columbia Church of the Air, from 

the Salt Lake Tabernacle, 11:00-11:30 a.m., M.W.T., Sunday, April 4, 

1943, during the \\3th General Conference 

It is a sad reflection, but one that can- 
not be successfully refuted, that we 
have forgotten the admonition which has 
come down to us, just as Israel forgot 
the commandments which would have 
blessed that nation in the land of 
Canaan forever had they been observed. 
In forsaking these laws we stand in dan- 
ger of punishment as the people of Israel 
stood in danger of punishment because 
they forsook the Lord and failed to re- 
pent and accept the warnings of their 

Since the days of our fathers there 
has been a gradual straying from the 
sacred teachings which we have re- 
ceived. In later years we have, in fact, 
fulfilled the prophecy of Paul: 

This know also, that in the last days 
perilous times shall come. 

For men shall be lovers of their own 
selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphem- 
ers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, un- 

Without natural affection, trucebreakers, 
false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers 
of those that are good, 

Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of 
pleasures more than lovers of God; 

In other words, all that has been re- 
vealed for the salvation of man from the 
beginning to our own time is circum- 
scribed, included in, and a part of these 
two great laws. If we love the Lord 
with all the heart, with all the soul, and 
with all the mind, and our neighbor as 
ourselves, then there is nothing more 
to be desired. Then we will be in 
harmony with the total of sacred law. 
If we were willing to live in harmony 
with these two great commandments — 
and we must do so eventually if we are 
worthy to live in the presence of God 
— then wickedness, jealousy, ambition, 
covetousness, bloodshed, and all sin 
of every nature would be banished from 
the earth. Then would come a day of 
eternal peace and happiness. What a 
glorious day that would be! We have 
been endowed with sufficient reason tc 
know that such a state is most desir- 
able and would establish among men 
the Fatherhood of God and the perfect 
brotherhood of man. 

But as a people have we not forsaken 
these commandments? Can we say that 
we love the Lord with all the soul? Can 


His laws in contempt with impunity. 

Having a form of godliness, but denying 
the power thereof (II Timothy 3:1-5). 

This is a very severe indictment made 
by Paul; but can we honestly deny the 
charge? The Ten Commandments are 
just as much the word of the Lord today 
as they were when written by the fin- 
ger of God on Sinai. They have not 
been abrogated; they have not been 
modified and are binding upon the peo- 
ple with all the force which accompan- 
ied them when first uttered. As sure 
as we live, we are to be judged by 
them and all other divine command- 
ments, for God will not permit us to 
mock Him and hold His laws in con- 
tempt with impunity. 2 

Have not the people of this land ig- 
nored the first commandment? 

Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with 
all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and 
with all thy mind. 

This is the first and great commandment. 

And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt 
love thy neighbour as thyself. 

On these two commandments hang all the 
law and the prophets (Matt. 22:37-40). 

2 Galatians 6:7 

we say we are as solicitous for the 
welfare of our neighbor as we are for 
our own? As we look about us, we 
cannot fail to see the selfishness, the 
unbelief, blasphemy, and love of evil 
which are found everywhere among the 
people, all revealing to us our weakness 
and unwillingness to obey these laws. 
We are not ignorant of the things of 
God, for they have been made known 
to us from the days of Adam until now 
and are recorded in the Holy Scrip- 
tures. Messengers from the presence 
of God have been sent to the earth 
from the beginning to establish in the 
hearts of men and to reveal to them all 
that is essential for man's salvation. If 
any among us is ignorant of these things, 
it is due to wilful rebellion. The Son 
of God came to earth Himself to show 
us by example the way to eternal life, 
and was Himself free from all sin. We 
cannot excuse ourselves for the viola- 
tion of the laws of God on the ground 
of ignorance. With all of these com- 
mandments before us, we are moral 
agents responsible to the Most High 
and under obligation to be obedient. 

WPiDAJL $djgL itu {Jul 3k?vdL... 



Of the Council of the Twelve 

PSALMS 33:12 


Nevertheless, because of the love of 
the things of the world and the enticing 
influence of the powers of darkness, 
we have departed from the strait path 3 
which leads to life and which our Lord 
has said few men find because they love 
darkness rather than light, their deeds 
being evil. We have permitted the 
philosophies of men, which deny the 

So it will be in the judgment. Every 
man shall receive a reward according 
to his works. Unfortunately there are 
many selfish, greedy agencies at work 
playing upon the credulity and ignor- 
ance of the people, enticing them to 
indulge in many evil habits which 
weaken and impair their vitality and 
drive them from the spiritual guidance 
promised them through their humility 
and faith. 

Have we observed the Sabbath day 
and kept it holy? Is it not a fact that 
we have looked upon this law as being 
obsolete; something suited, perhaps to 
the needs of a primitive people, who, 
like little children, need special care, 
but not necessary for us to observe in 
this modern world of superior wisdom? 
Is it not the fact that through the length 
and breadth of our land, this sacred 
commandment has been treated, and 
is being treated, with absolute contempt? 
Have we not made of it a day of pleas- 
ure, of indulgence, and have we not lost 
all love for its sacredness? How can 
we expect the Lord to bless us when 
we ignore so universally this holy law? 

Have we not forgotten to pray and 
to thank the Lord for His mercies and 
for His guidance in all that we do? If 
at times we have been requested to seek 
the help of the Lord in this great strug- 
gle which has deluged the world, have 
we prayed in the true spirit of prayer? 
What good does it do for us to petition 
the Lord, if we have no intention of 


of the Lord their God; therefore, the 
Lord their God is slow to hearken unto 
their prayers, to answer them in the day 
of their trouble. In the day of their 
peace they esteemed lightly my counsel; 
but, in the day of their trouble, of neces- 
sity they feel after me" (D, & C. 101: 
7-8). If we draw near unto Him, He 
will draw near unto us, and we will not 
be forsaken; but if we do not draw near 
to Him, we have no promise that He 
will answer us in our rebellion. 

Are we free from all covetousness? 
Do we refrain from desiring to possess 
unjustly the property of others? Have 
we permitted the lusts of the flesh and 
the desire to possess that which is not 
our honest due, to canker our souls? 

Have we not come to look upon the 
sacred and holy bonds of matrimony as 
merely a civil contract which may be 
broken at will on the slightest whim by 
either covenanting party? Has not di- 
vorce become a blot upon the nation? 
How can we reconcile our practices 
and the statutes of many states with 
the commandments given us by Jesus 
Christ in relation to the marriage cove- 
nant? The home is the foundation of 
civilization and vital to the safety of our 
country. When the home is destroyed, 
the foundation of the country is in 
danger of destruction. Such has been 
the history of the past among nations. 
Marriage is a sacred ordinance institut- 
ed before death came into the world 
when the Lord said, "It is not good 
that the man should be alone; I will 
make him an help meet for him" (Gen. 

Throughout our land we see the 
tragedy of broken homes, fathers and 
mothers separated, children denied the 
natural affections. Children have a right 

divinity of Jesus Christ and mock at 
the sacred ordinances of the gospel, to 
enter into our schools, our businesses, 
and our homes, thus weakening our 
faith and our reverence for our Cre- 
ator. We have forgotten that man was 
created in the image of God, that the 
scriptures declare that we are His off- 
spring, and that we are commanded to 
seek first the kingdom of God and His 

Are we keeping our bodies clean and 
free from all contaminating influences? 
We are informed that no unclean thing 
can inherit the kingdom of God, that 
"he that is unjust, let him be unjust 
still: and he which is filthy, let him be 
filthy still: and he that is righteous, let 
him be righteous still: and he that is 
holy, let him be holy still" ( Rev. 22 : 1 1 ) . 

3 Matt. 7:14 



keeping His commandments? Such 
praying is hollow mockery and an in- 
sult before the throne of grace. How 
dare we presume to expect a favorable 
answer if such is the case? "Seek ye 
the Lord while he may be found, call 
ye upon him while he is near: Let 
the wicked forsake his way, and the 
unrighteous man his thoughts: and let 
him return unto the Lord, and he will 
have mercy upon him; and to our God, 
for he will abundantly pardon." So 
said Isaiah (Isaiah 55:5-7) . But is not 
the Lord always near when we petition 
him? Verily no! He has said, "They 
were slow to hearken unto the voice 

to the blessings coming from this sacred 
union. They are entitled to the love 
and care of faithful parents and the 
happiness and devotion which true wor- 
ship brings. When these blessings are 
lost, the whole community suffers and 
the integrity of government is weak- 
ened. It is a shame and a disgrace that 
so much evil is coming out of broken 
homes, and this comes largely because 
we have forgotten God and our obliga- 
tions to serve and honor Him. Truly 
we have much room for repentance and 
a return to the simple worship of true 

(Continued on page 312) 



MY brethren, at the set time Colum- 
bus appeared, and the new 
world was born. At the set time 
Joseph Smith appeared, and it was pre- 
dicted that a great and marvelous work 
was to commence. Both characters 
were here and had their part to play 
among the children of men. Columbus 
discovered the new world on October 
12, 1492. Joseph Smith organized the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints April 6, 1 830, and it is destined 
to fill the whole earth. 

I am impressed this afternoon to read 
a few words from the Doctrine and 
Covenants, Section 110: 

The veil was taken from our minds, and 
the eyes of our understanding were opened. 

We saw the Lord standing upon the 
breastwork of the pulpit, before us; and 
under his feet was a paved work of pure 
gold, in color like amber. 

His eyes were as a flame of fire; the hair 
of his head was white like the pure snow; 
his countenance shone above the brightness 
of the sun; and his voice was as the sound 
of the rushing of great waters, even the 
voice of Jehovah, saying: 

I am the first and the last; I am he who 
liveth, I am he who was slain; I am your 
advocate with the Father. 

Behold, your sins are forgiven you; you 
are clean before me; therefore, lift up your 
heads and rejoice. 

Let the hearts of your brethren rejoice, 
and let the hearts of all my people rejoice, 
who have, with their might, built this house 
to my name. 

For behold, I have accepted this house, 
and my name shall be here; and I will mani- 
fest myself to my people in mercy in this 

Yea, I will appear unto my servants, and 
speak unto them with mine own voice, if 
my people will keep my commandments, 
and do not pollute this holy house. 

Yea, the hearts of thousands and tens of 
thousands shall greatly rejoice in conse- 
quence of the blessings which shall be 
poured out, and the endowment with which 
my servants have been endowed in this 



Of the Council of the Twelve 

Delivered at the Sunday afternoon ses- 
sion of the \\3th Annual Conference, 
April 4, 1943, in the Tabernacle 

And the fame of this house shall spread 
to foreign lands; and this is the beginning 
of the blessing which shall be poured out 
upon the heads of my people. Even so. 

After this vision closed, the heavens were 
again opened unto us; and Moses appeared 
before us, and committed into us the keys 
of the gathering of Israel from the four 
parts of the earth, and the leading of the 
ten tribes from the land of the north. 

After this, Elias appeared, and committed 
the dispensation of the gospel of Abraham, 
saying that in us and our seed all genera- 
tions after us should be blessed. 

After this vision had closed, another great 
and glorious vision burst upon us; for 
Elijah the prophet, who was taken to heaven 
without tasting death, stood before us, and 

Behold, the time has fully come, which 
was spoken of by the mouth of Malachi — 
testifying that he [Elijah] should be sent, 
before the great and dreadful day of the 
Lord come — 

To turn the hearts of the fathers to the 
children, and the children to the fathers, 
lest the whole earth be smitten with a 
curse — 

Therefore, the keys of this dispensation 
are committed into your hands; and by this 
ye may know that the great and dreadful 
day of the Lord is near, even at the doors. 

It is shown here very clearly that 
before this marvelous work and wonder 
should be accomplished certain keys 
should be given to the earth, and I have 
read in your hearing concerning these 
keys, and it throws a great deal of light 
on this subject. It emphasizes the re- 
sponsibility resting upon Latter-day 
Saints to familiarize themselves with 
these keys and laws and testimonies 
that are given. 

I testify to you, my brethren, that 
this revelation was given for our profit, 
and I express to you my testimony in 
these words, that I know the Lord is 
with us, that Jesus is the Christ, and 
that Joseph Smith was and is a prophet 
of God. We are engaged in a glorious 
work. It is a marvelous scene to look 
out upon this gathering of Priesthood. 

I trust that I may never lose this 
testimony that I have. 

God bless you, in the name of the 
Lord Jesus Christ. Amen. 



( No-Liquor-Tobacco Column ) 

HPhe National Education Association 
has said: "The rapid increase in 
cigarette smoking among people of all 
ages and both sexes, and especially 
among growing boys is not only a 
cause for alarm; it is a call to arms." 

The magazine Good Health in a re- 
cent issue said although alcoholic 
drinks and tobacco are forbidden in 
school and college athletics, "The 
army authorities not only afford the 
soldiers an opportunity for smoking but 
actually supply the materials. The 
emergency one-day ration contains a 
dozen cigarettes. Thus the boys are 
virtually told that when they are in a 
most trying situation, tobacco is on a 
par with food. Many young men enter 
the army who have not forgotten the 
teachings of their Boy Scout days and 
do not smoke. Temptation assails them 
from every side. Most of their compan- 
ions use tobacco. Charitable organiza- 
tions and generous individuals send in 
cartons of cigarettes. . . . Along comes 
Uncle Sam uttering a benediction on 
the filthy weed." For the Christmas 
holidays, the American Red Cross en- 
closed cigarettes in every package sent 
to the boys overseas. 

Manufacturers of cigarettes and al- 
coholic beverages have set out to in- 
duce your sons and daughters to be- 
come addicts to the use of their prod- 
ucts, sparing nothing to gain their end. 
For proof listen to numerous radio an- 
nouncements, see "ads" in newspa- 
pers, magazines, on screens, billboards. 

What can we do to help? 

As to alcoholic beverages let us re- 
fer to recent statements of the Chicago 
Daily News and American Business 
Men's Research Foundation. The 
News, an anti-prohibition journal, in 
an editorial entitled, "The Demon 
Rum is Dumb," refers to a document 
recently sent out by a wholesale liquor 
house, fearful of the reactions to the 
intense liquor advertising campaigns. 
The document said: "We are beating 
the drums for the sale of more liquor. 
We are waving the banners for greater 
and greater consumption. We are in- 
creasing the waste of manpower and 
material in the business along many 
lines. . . . The public knows that we are 
a non-essential and purely luxury busi- 
ness." The News approved the state- 
ments in the document and advocated 
giving up liquor advertising campaigns. 

In its Bulletin No. 1 the Founda- 
tion says the liquor traffic "is revealed 
as a saboteur, socially, commercially, 
and politically; a menace to public 
morale; an increasing breeder of inef- 
ficiency wherever found. . . . The li- 
quor trade, despite all warnings, even 
by its own spokesmen, continues to 
(Concluded on page 297) 


• ZlON 


Of the First Council of the Seventy 

Delivered at the Sunday afternoon ses- 
sion of the 113th Annual Conference, 
April 4, 1943, in the Tabernacle 


Ninety years ago, on the sixth of 
April, 1853, three missionaries 
were called to go to China to 
carry the gospel message to the people 
of that country. One of those young 
men was Hosea Stout, then a Regent 
of the University of Deseret. They 
were to go to San Francisco, and there 
take a sailing ship bound for Asiatic 
ports. The history of that missionary 
endeavor is among the most thrilling 
in the history of the Church. During 
that same year, Elder Lorenzo Snow 
laboring in Italy edited and printed the 
Book of Mormon in Italian, and Elder 
John Taylor supervised the printing of 
the same book in French, in the city of 
Paris. What a far-reaching work was 
done in those early days by the mission- 
aries of the Church! 

When the First Presidency issued 
their decision in 1936 that every Stake 
of Zion should maintain an organized 
mission, the message was received by 
all the stake presidents as a clarion call. 
Within a few months, every stake had 
its local organization, and hundreds of 
missionaries had begun their work. The 
splendor of their spirit and the nobility 
of their achievements have already be- 
come known, for by their efforts hun- 
dreds of souls have been brought to a 
knowledge of the gospel. 

The call of these local missionaries 
is just as important and sacred as the 
call of the missionaries to go into for- 
eign countries. While it comes through 
the stake presidents, it is none the less 
important and divine, for the First 
Presidency has delegated the stake 
presidents to attend to this important 
work. The mission is for two years, 
and when a brother or sister accepts the 
call, it is a sacred promise to God that 
he or she will go forth with joy and 

faith to explain the message of eternal 
life. They may have felt at times some- 
thing of fear, but they recall the words 
of the Apostle Paul to Timothy: 

Wherefore I put thee in remembrance 
that thou stir up the gift of God, which 
is in thee by the putting on of my hands. 

For God hath not given us the spirit of 
fear; but of power, and of love, and of a 
sound mind (2 Tim. 1:6, 7). 

As you go to your work, remember 
that the value of your teaching depends 
upon the spirit in which it is done. With 
your gifts and opportunities you con- 
verse with people of all classes, and 
you show them how they may glorify 
their lives through the gospel of Jesus 
Christ. The call you have accepted is 
much larger than can be met by any 
ethical code or teaching of philosophy. 
You put into your work your best 
thought, and this dignifies your lives. 
You are capable of doing better work 
than ever before, for you are to give 
every minute of your spare time to fill- 
ing your minds with knowledge, for to 
be missionaries, you must be good 

teachers. Plan your work and devote 
■ ♦ ■ 


By Weston N. Nordgren 

HpHE Evening Star, a perfect light, 
■*■ Hangs softly in the sky — 
So pure, serene, so twinkling there, 
A work of God, on high. 

The reddened, dull, and blinking eyes 
Of industry below — 
Achievements are of man, who tries 
To labor, learn, and know. 

How like that perfect light above, 
We see the gospel glow 
To light our frail and human path — 
Inspire us as we go. 

And all achievements that we prize 
Here in the dust of earth, 
Are all progressive steps of man 
Toward new, eternal birth. 

your lives to it. You missionaries 
are not to do any other Church work 
than that of the true missionary, and no 
gifts of God can make good unless you 
give your spare hours to quiet and de- 
voted study. Your success will de- 
pend upon the spirit of genuineness, of 
faith, and of humility, which character- 
ize your words. Thousands of people 
have come recently to live in Utah. Re- 
member that the world is full of good 
people everywhere, and it is for you to 
stir up the gift of God within them. 
It is not only the matter but the man- 
ner; not only the doctrine, but the man 
that count. Read the Church works 
with deep intent and purpose, and with 
prayerful hearts. You will appreciate 
the growing strength of your own pow- 
ers. A noted scholar of Oxford Uni- 
versity spent thirty-eight years in study- 
ing the book of Exodus, and think of 
the many scholars who have given their 
lives to the study of the book of Job. 
If you will read carefully the first chap- 
ter of the first book of Nephi in the Book 
of Mormon, you will see why one stu- 
dent has spent months in analyzing its 
fine content. The greatest and most 
enduring satisfaction comes from your 
studies and in your influence on indi- 
viduals; in guiding them, helping them, 
saving them. 

There is something noble, something 
ineffably rich and magnificent about 
your work. All that is expected of you 
besides your labors in the field and your 
hours of study is your attendance at 
sacrament meetings as well as your regu- 
lar quorum and Priesthood meetings. 
Fulfill your missions with all your hearts 
and may God bless you in your noble 
work. Look to the future. Build up- 
on the past, but look to better days. 
Strive for more knowledge and a better 
understanding of the "spirit of true 
religion." Glorify your Father in heav- 
en by glorifying the divine gifts that 
He has given you. Then you will have 
power and strength, and people will 
sense your sincere purposes and your 
deep and abiding testimonies of the 
glory of the Lord. 

If you missionaries will accept your 
call as a divine purpose, then you shall 
walk unafraid every day and enjoy 
your hours with the people whom you 
meet. You will trust instinctively and 
naturally the guidance of the Holy Spir- 
it on which you learned to rely in the 
days of your strength. May the Lord 
bless you in your sacred endeavors, I 
ask in His name. Amen. 


THE WAY OF SakaiwfL 


Of the Council of the Twelve 

Delivered at the Sunday afternoon session of the \\3th Annual Conference, 

April 4, 1943, in the Tabernacle 

Dear brethren, fellow-workers in 
the cause of Christ, I pray that 
I may be guided by the good 
spirit that has been with us throughout 
this day in the few words I may say. 

I should like to comment on the theme 
which was placed before us by Presi- 
dent Clawson. This conference coin- 
cides, so it happens, with the fiftieth 
anniversary of the dedication of the 
great Salt Lake Temple. That beauti- 
ful edifice, made of granite and lifting 
its spires heavenward, is an evidence 
of the willingness of the Latter-day 
Saints to yield obedience to the will of 
God, and to sacrifice in behalf of His 

The work done in the temples of the 
Lord represents the culmination of the 
obligations, privileges and blessings of 
the Priesthood. No man has completed 
— nor a woman with him — the Priest- 
hood cycle until he has received the 
blessings that the temple has to offer. 

It is sometimes thought that the work 
done in the temples is for the aged, 
and decrepit. Temple work is, primar- 
ily I was about to say, for those en- 
gaged in the active affairs of life, for 
those who are in the midst of life's 
battle, the young and the middle-aged. 
Perhaps they need it most. Certainly, 
it is quite as much for these as for those 
who seek refuge in their old age in the 
blessings of the temple. 

Work in the temples is also for the 
dead. That we all know. Imbedded in 
the temple ceremonies and endowment 
is one of the most glorious of all the 
principles of truth given in this day — 
the principle of universal salvation. We 
are all the children of God, His very 
children; and He desires to bring all 
of us back into His presence, into His 
kingdom. He has provided means by 
which this may be done. He has no 
favorites, except as we ourselves by 
our imperfect living may defeat His 
desire. That is one of the great doc- 
trines of the Church; unique and pecu- 
liar to this people. It is a challenging doc- 
trine, that though a man may fail to hear 
the gospel upon earth, though he may 
fail, when he hears it, to comprehend it, 
he may yet have the opportunity after 
the grave, after this life is over, to par- 
ticipate in the blessings of the gospel, 
and to win his place in the kingdom of 

It is a marvelous and comforting 
thought that there is hope beyond the 
grave. Millions have died in sorrow, 
and those who have been left behind 
have sorrowed and suffered, because 
they have failed to understand this law, 
one of the fundamental, basic principles 
of the gospel. 


Temple work is very important. The 
Prophet Joseph Smith is reported to 
have said — it is so recorded and printed 
— that there is no more important duty 
resting upon the Latter-day Saints than 
to do the work for which we have erect- 
ed temples. It is interesting to remem- 
ber that in the Doctrine and Covenants, 
the collection of some of the revelations 
given by the Lord to the Prophet Jo- 
seph Smith, the oldest revelation, there- 
fore really the first, deals almost wholly 
with the subject of salvation for the 
dead. It is a significant fact of history, 
also, that Brigham Young had been in 
this valley only four days when he 
came to a spot a few feet from where 
we are meeting today, in the midst of the 
sagebrush, and placed his cane in the 
ground, saying: "Here we shall build 
a temple to the Most High." The pio- 
neers were hungry and weary; they 
needed food and rest; a hostile desert 
looked them in the face; yet in the midst 
of such physical requirements they 
turned first to the building of temples 
and to the spiritual food and strength 
that the temples provide. 

Sometimes we forget the greatness of 
this work. It is a glorious thought that 
you and I, ordinary men, may 'do work 
upon earth that will be, is, recognized 
in heaven; that we may be as saviors 
to those who have gone before us into 
the unseen world. The Lord came upon 
earth and, in our behalf, in behalf of the 
whole race of God's children, did work 
which will bring us eternal life and joy 
and blessings. So, in a humbler manner 

may we, each one of us, do work for the 
dead that will bless them eternally, if 
they accept our service. We, also, 
may become saviors — "saviors on 
Mount Zion." That is a glorious thought 
that should remain in the minds of 
Latter-day Saints. It certifies to the 
claim that mankind are equally the chil- 
dren of God. It extends the doctrine 
of brotherhood to the whole human 

The Savior gave of Himself, gaVe His 
very life that we might live. To sacri- 
fice that others might be blessed was 
His word, His work, His life. Sacrifice 
is the evidence of true love. Without 
sacrifice love is not manifest. Without 
sacrifice there is no real love, or kind- 
ness, the kindness suggested in the 
splendid theme discussed by Bishop 
Ashton. We love no one unless we 
sacrifice for him. We can measure the 
degree of love that we possess for any 
man or cause, by the sacrifice we make 
for him or it. 

As the Lord gave His life to prove His 
love for His brethren and sisters, the 
human race, we may show the spirit of 
love more vigorously than we have 
done if we will make the small sacrifices 
necessary to seek out our genealogies, 
to spend time and money for the work, 
to take time to go to the temple our- 
selves for the dead. All such service 
may entail sacrifice, but sacrifice lifts 
us toward the likeness of God, the like- 
ness of our Elder Brother Jesus Christ. 
If we Latter-day Saints have any great 
ideal, it is that of our Elder Brother. 
All that we strive for, and all that we 
have fought for, and all that we pray 
for, is to become more and more like 
Him as our days and years increase. 
As He gave His life, unselfishly for us, 
so each of us, extending the open door 
of salvation to the dead, most of whom 
are but names to us, may then by our 
unselfishness, claim in very deed to be 
followers of Christ. 

Temple work, in form and substance, 
reflects the fundamental principles and 
thoughts belonging to the gospel of the 
Lord Jesus Christ. We must dig deeply 
to taste the sweetness of the gospel. 
We cannot merely move about on the 
surface to secure the full gift of the 
Lord's plan of salvation. Deep down in 
the eternal realities, of which temple 
work is one, lies the real meaning, mes- 
sage, and blessing of the gospel. 

These are trying days, in which Satan 
rages, at home and abroad, hard days, 
evil and ugly days. We stand help- 
less as it seems before them. We need 
help. We need strength. We need 
guidance. Perhaps if we would do our 
work in behalf of those of the unseen 
world who hunger and pray for the 
work we can do for them, the unseen 
world would in return give us help in this 
(Concluded on opposite page) 



The Genera] Authorities of the Church as they were 
sustained at the 113th Annual General Conference: 


Heber J. Grant, Prophet, Seer, and Revelator, and 
President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 

J. Reuben Clark, Jr., First Counselor in the First 

David O. McKay, Second Counselor in the First 


Rudger Clawson 

Rudger Clawson, George Albert Smith, George F. 
Richards, Joseph Fielding Smith, Stephen L Richards, 
Richard R. Lyman, John A. Widtsoe, Joseph F. 
Merrill, Charles A. Callis, Albert E. Bowen, Syl- 
vester Q. Cannon, Harold B. Lee. 

Joseph F. Smith. 

The Counselors in the First Presidency, the Twelve 
Apostles, and the Patriarch to the Church as Prophets, 
Seers, and Revelators. 

Marion G. Romney, Thomas E. McKay, Clifford 
E. Young, Alma Sonne, Nicholas G. Smith. 

Heber J. Grant, as Trustee-in-Trust for the Church 
of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 

Levi Edgar Young, Antoine R. Ivins, Samuel O. 

Bennion, John H. Taylor, Rufus K. Hardy, Richard 

L. Evans, Oscar A. Kirkham. 

LeGrand Richards, Presiding Bishop. 
Marvin O. Ashton, First Counselor. 
Joseph L. Wirthlin, Second Counselor. 


Joseph Fielding Smith, with A. William Lund as 

Heber J. Grant, J. Reuben Clark, Jr., David O. 

McKay, Rudger Clawson, Joseph Fielding Smith, 

Stephen L Richards, Richard R. Lyman, John A. 

Widtsoe, Adam S. Bennion, Joseph F. Merrill. 

Charles A. Callis, Franklin L. West, Albert E. 


Frank Evans, Secretary and Treasurer. 

Franklin L. West. 

M. Lynn Bennion, J. Karl Wood. 

Orval W. Adams, Albert E. Bowen, George S. 
Spencer, Harold H. Bennett. 


Lester F. Hewlett, President. 

J. Spencer Cornwall, Conductor. 

Richard P. Condie, Assistant Conductor. 

Alexander Schreiner, Frank W. Asper. 
Wade N. Stephens, Assistant Organist. 


John A. Widtsoe, Albert E. Bowen. Marion G. 

Romney, Thomas E. McKay, Clifford E. Young, 

Alma Sonne, Nicholas G. Smith, Antoine R. Ivins. 
John H. Taylor, LeGrand Richards, Marvin O. Ash- 
ton. Joseph L. Wirthlin, general presidency of Relief 

Henry D. Moyle, chairman; Robert L. Judd, vice- 
chairman; Harold B. Lee, managing director; Marion 
G. Romney, assistant managing director; Mark Austin. 
Clyde C. Edmonds, Sterling H. Nelson, William E. 
Ryberg, Stringam A. Stevens, Howard Barker. 



Amy Brown Lyman, president. 
Marcia K. Howells, first counselor. 
Belle S. Spafford, second counselor, with all the 
members of the board as at present constituted. 

Milton Bennion, general superintendent. 
George R. Hill, first assistant superintendent. 
A. Hamer Reiser, second assistant superintendent 
with all the members of the board as shall be ap- 


George Q. Morris, general superintendent. 

Joseph J. Cannon, first assistant superintendent. 

Burton K. Farnsworth, second assistant superin- 
tendent with all members of the board as at present 


Lucy Grant Cannon, president. 

Helen Spencer Williams, first counselor. 

Verna W. Goddard, second counselor with all the 
members of the board as at present constituted. 

May Green Hinckley, president. 
Adele Cannon Howells, first counselor. 
LaVern W. Parmley, second counselor with all 
the members of the board as at present constituted. 


Changes in Church officers, stake, ward and branch 
organizations since last October Conference — 1942 

Mrs. Belle Smith Spafford, editor of the Relief 
Society Magazine was appointed second counselor 
in the General Presidency of the National Woman's 
Relief Society, succeeding Mrs. Donna D. Sorenson. 
Elder Milton Bennion appointed general superintend- 
ent of the Deseret Sunday School Union succeeding 
George D. Pyper, with Dr. George R. Hill as first 
assistant and A. Hamer Reiser as second assistant. 

General Music Committee reorganized with Tracy 
Y. Cannon, chairman; LeRoy J. Robertson advanced 
to first assistant to succeed the late George D. Pyper; 
J. Spencer Cornwall named new second assistant and 


John Q. Adams appointed to succeed Wilford W. 
Emery as president of the Samoan Mission. 

Lorin F. Jones appointed to succeed David F. 
Haymore as president of the Spanish-American Mis- 

Edward L. Clissold appointed president of Jap- 
anese Mission succeeding Jay C. Jensen, deceased. 

Navajo-Zuni Mission organized February 27. with 
Ralph William Evans, Shiprock, New Mexico ap- 
pointed as president. 

Edward L. Clissold appointed to succeed Albert H. 
Belliston as president of the Hawaiian Temple. 

Elmer A. Graff chosen president of the Zion Park 
Stake, to succeed Claudius Hirschi. 

George Christensen chosen president of the Rigby 
Stake, to succeed Hyrum T. Moss. 

J. Doyle Jensen chosen president of the Lost River 
Stake, to succeed Victor D. Nelson. 


South Seattle Ward, Seattle Stake, formed by a 
division of the Queen Anne Ward. 

Mission Park Ward, Pasadena Stake, formed by a 
division of the Rosemead Ward. 

Terreton Ward, North Idaho Falls Stake, formerly 
Mud Lake Branch. 

Basic Branch, Moapa Stake. 
Topaz Branch, Deseret Stake. 
Port Orchard Branch, Seattle Stake. 


Bloomfield Branch, Young Stake. 
Reseda Branch, San Fernando Stake. 

Pocatello 7th Ward. Pocatello Stake, formerly 
known as the North Pocatello Ward. 

Garcia Ward, Juarez Stake — dependent on Pacheco 


Diamondville Ward, Woodruff Stake, membership 
annexed to Kemmerer Ward. 

Gannett Branch, Blaine Stake, records transferred 

to Hailey Branch. 

Sun Valley Branch, Blaine Stake. 


Part of the Burdett Branch, Lethbridge Stake 
transferred to Western Canadian Mission. 

Edmonton Branch, Lethbridge Stake transferred to 
Western Canadian Mission. . 


President Jay C. Jensen of the Japanese Mission, 
died January 31, 1943 after having served about three 

Bishop Phillip Harrison Hurst, LaCienega Ward. 
Inglewood Stake, died December 22, 1942 after hav- 
ing served about two years. 

George D. Pyper, General Superintendent of the 
Deseret Sunday School Union, died January 16, 1943 
after having served as superintendent nine years and 
counselor twenty-six years. 

Bishop Oleen Alder Jensen, Glendale Ward, Oneida 
Stake, died December 26, 1942 after having served 
about fourteen years. 

Bishop Roscoe W. Evans, Eugene Ward, Portland 
Stake, died March 17, 1943 after having served about 
four years. 

James Peter Christensen, patriarch of the Bear 
River Stake, died March 23, 1943. 


Nephi L. Morris, former president Salt Lake Stake, 
died April 5, 1943. 

J. Frank Ward, member of the general .committee 
of the Church Welfare program, died October 22, 1942. 

Serge F. Ballif, Sr., former president of the Swiss- 
German Mission, died November 17, 1942. 

James W. Paxman, former patriarch of the Granite 
and Highland stakes, died January 10, 1943. 

Lars Peter Oveson, former bishop of the Cleveland 
Ward and former president of the Emery Stake, died 
January 5, 1943. 

Thomas L. Woodbury, former president of the 
Tahitian Mission, died December 31, 1942. 


(Concluded from preceding page) 
day of our urgent need. There are more 
in that other world than there are here. 
There is more power and strength there 
than we have here upon this earth. We 
have but a trifle, and that trifle is taken 
from the immeasurable power of God. 
We shall make no mistake in becoming 
collaborators in the Lord's mighty work 
for human redemption. 

So, my message to you, my brethren, 
the leaders of Israel, is that in perform- 

ing our many duties, we remember to 
give a good share of our time and 
thought and energy to the work for 
which this great Salt Lake Temple, and 
the other temples, were erected. 

The story of the rising of the Salt 
Lake Temple, round by round, in the 
midst of poverty and hardship, and 
under the unspeakable persecution of 
our people, is one that will never be 
forgotten by the Latter-day Saints. It 
will rise to become an epic of man's 

devotion to truth. It should be a great 
inspiration for us in our day. We do 
not want easy days; we want days, no 
matter how hard they may be, that lead 
us into the likeness of our Brother, 
Jesus Christ, and into His presence, and 
His Father's. 

God bless us and prosper us in our 
work, and make us capable to do the 
work which has been placed upon us, 
I pray, in the name of the Lord Jesus 
Christ. Amen. 


Sam Brannan 

and, UyL 




Part VIII 

California's chain of missions 
was quickly utilized by 
American army commanders 
as barracks facilities for the swell- 
ing tide of forces engaged in the 
Mexican conquest. Years before 
the outbreak of the Mexican War, 
a large percentage of these missions 
had been stripped of sacerdotal 
trimmings, and were now weed- 
grown and in a sad state of disrepair. 
The see-saw battle between Mexi- 
co's church and civil factions for 
public control had effectually re- 
duced or broken the hold of Cali- 

OF 1847. 

fornia missions upon the populace. 
Many priests had fled, and their 
church properties confiscated. The 
war's outbreak had come at a time 
when the mission era was at its very 
lowest ebb. 

Except for a few Indians who still 
clung to the premises, the Mormon 
Battalion found the Mission San 
Diego deserted of life and care. 
Olive groves and vineyards were 
weed-grown and neglected. Walled 
gardens and sequestered burial 
places were tangled with briars. The 

great sprawled buildings were rent 
with earthquake cracks, and the 
stately place of worship had been 
looted. But it was a welcome, com- 
forting spot to those foot-weary 
Mormon soldiers. The timeless, in- 
dolent atmosphere of the place was 
soothing to bodies delivered now at 
last from the dusty, drouth-ridden 
inferno of endless deserts. Buoyant 
to soul and spirit was the command- 
er's open recognition of their hero- 

Headquarters Mormon Battalion 

Mission of San Diego, 

January 30, 1847. 

(Orders No. 1). 

The Lieutenant-Colonel commanding, 
congratulates the Battalion on their safe 
arrival on the shore of the Pacific Ocean, 
and the conclusion of their march of over 
two thousand miles. 

History may be searched in vain for an 
equal march of infantry. Half of it has 
been through a wilderness, where nothing 
but savages and wild beasts are found, or 
deserts where, for want of water, there is 
no living creature. There, with almost hope- 
less labor, we have dug wells, which the 
future traveler will enjoy. Without a guide 
who had traversed them we have ventured 
into trackless tablelands where water was 
not found for several marches. With crow- 
bar and pick, and axe in hand, we worked 
our way over mountains, which seemed to 
defy aught save the wild goat, and hewed 
a pass through a chasm of living rock more 
narrow than our wagons. To bring these 
first wagons to the Pacific, we have pre- 
served the strength of our mules by herding 
them over large tracts, which you have la- 
boriously guarded without loss. The gar- 
rison of four presidios of Sonora concen- 
trated within the walls of Tucson, gave us 
no pause. We drove them out, with their 
artillery, but our intercourse with the citi- 
zens was unmarked by a single act of 
injustice. Thus marching half naked and 
half fed, and living upon wild animals, we 
have discovered and made a road of great 
value to our country. . . . 

Thus volunteers, you have exhibited some 
high and essential qualities of veterans. But 
much remains undone. Soon, you will turn 
your attention to the drill, to system and 
order, to forms also, which are all necessary 
to the soldier. 
By order 

Lieut.-Colonel P. St. George Cooke, 

P. C. Merrill, Adjutant. 1 

The Battalion, in its march from 
Warner's Ranch, had gained the 
Pacific's margin at a point some dis- 
tance north of San Diego. First 
view of the mighty ocean was from 
a bluff in sight of the deserted Mis- 
sion San Luis Rey. Their journey 
southward to San Diego was partly 
through the Soledad Valley, partly 
over cross-trails and hills to the 
travel-worn mission route of El Ca- 
mino Real; thence along the coast 
and in full sight of the ocean, to San 
Diego's Mission. Of that pulse-stir- 
ring first view of the great blue sea, 
even the grizzled Cooke lost himself 
in superlatives: 

better extenso, Cooke's Conquest, p. 197 


In 1S47-S this room was 
used as a "Boarding house" by 
the Mormons who were work- 
ing for Captain Sutter. 

The same Mormons worked 
under the direction or control 
of Sam Brannan, who at that 
time had a trading post or 
store in a large adobe building 
outside the Fort grounds about 
where the group of redwood 
trees now stand at 28th and 
K Streets. 

Of his Mormon workmen 
Captain Sutter always spoke 
very highly. They were sober, 
industrious, and when the great 
gold strike came and everybody 
was stampeding to gold dig- 
gings, these Mormons held to 
their contract with Sutter until 
their job was finished. Many 
of them later became prominent 
in California history. 

The road wound through smooth green 
valleys, and over very lofty hills, equally 
smooth and green. From the top of one of 
these hills, was caught the first and a magnifi- 
cent view of the great ocean; and by rare 
chance, perhaps, it was so calm that it 
shone as a mirror. . . . The charming and 
startling effect, under our circumstances, 
. . . could not be expressed. 2 

""Their rest at San Diego proved a 
brief one. Within two days 
they were marching northward 
again to be quartered at the Mis- 
sion San Luis Rey. The mission's 
ruined and dirty quarters were 
cleaned, repaired, and made com- 
fortable by the brethren. Days of 
intensive military drill followed. 
Cooke was determined to add a bit 
of needed martial air to the ragged 
army. After that, over the protests 
of the brethren, the Battalion was 
divided. Company B was ordered 
back to San Diego for garrison 
duty. The remaining four com- 
panies, with exception of a small 
thirty-man garrison for San Luis 
Rey, was marched north to the 
Pueblo de Los Angeles — arriving 
there March 23. 

The issues of war already had 
been decided before the Mormon 
Battalion's arrival on the Pacific 
Coast. In the north, Fremont in two 
engagements had successfully de- 

2 Cooke's Conquest, p. 195 

feated the Mexicans under Castro. 
Commodore Sloat, with the Ameri- 
can naval squadron, had taken 
Monterey, and in almost simultane- 
ous action, Montgomery had pain- 
lessly claimed Yerba Buena. Stock- 
ton's sailors and the recruit-swollen 
army of Fremont had ended hostil- 
ities at Pueblo de Los Angeles. The 
last, and perhaps bloodiest, engage- 
ments had been won by Kearny on 
December 6, 1846, and January 8, 

The Mormon Battalion was 
denied a test of mettle in open en- 
gagement with the enemy — but 
courage can be proved in ways 
other than shedding of human blood. 
As occupational troops they served 
their country well; so well that their 
final departure came amid clamor 
and petition of the conquered popu- 
lace that they remain. No modern 
army has earned such respect. No 
greater tribute could be offered to 
the stalwart virtues of the peace- 
abiding Mormon soldier. 

But when the Battalion marched 
into the squalid Pueblo de Los 
Angeles, they had yet to win this 
flattering acceptance. Fremont's 
wild troopers, quartered at Mission 
San Gabriel, had spread many a 
weird rumor as to Mormon deprav- 
ity. Although California was the 
strangest of all places to fan hate's 
flames, the Missourians of Fre- 
mont's and Price's commands had 
shown no hesitance in voicing re- 
sentment among the natives. The 
populace feared the worst when the 

Battalion marched through town. 
They hid behind doors — and there 
was no cheering. 

With no quarters available, the 
Battalion was forced to encamp on 
the open plain about a mile from 
town. The next night, a better site 
was found a mile up the San Gabriel 
River. This threw them uncomfort- 
ably nearer to Fremont's Missouri- 
ans of whose belligerent attitude all 
Mormons were aware. Animosity 
boiled itself to such a bitter frenzy 
one night in April that the brethren 
were routed from blankets, ordered 
to fix bayonets, and stand ready to 
repulse an open attack of Fremont's 
men. Fortunately, no such disgrace- 
ful skirmish occurred, and no blood 
was shed. 3 

That the brethren were not too 
favorably impressed with Los An- 
geles pueblo is attested by the num- 
ber of first-hand accounts which 
have come down to us. With quaint 
truth and brevity, Henry Standage 

May 2. For the last two days I have been 
more or less through the city of Angels or 
as it is in Spanish, Ciudad de Los Angeles, 
and must say they are the most degraded 
set of beings I ever was among, professing 
to be civilized and taught in the Roman 
Catholic religion. There are almost as 
many grog shops and gambling houses in 
this city as there are private houses. Only 
5 or 6 stores and no mechanics shops. A 
tolerable sized Catholic church, built of 
unburnt brick and houses of the same mate- 
rial. Roofs made of reeds and pitched on 
the outside (tar springs close by or I may 
say pitch) . Roofs flat. There are some 3 or 
4 roofs built American fashion. The Span- 
iards in general own large farms in the 
country and keep from one to 20,000 head 
of cattle. Horses in abundance, mules, 
sheep, goats, &c. Also the Indians do all 
the labor and Mexicans are generally on 
horseback from morning till night. They 
are perhaps the greatest horsemen in the 
known world, and very expert with lance 
and lasso. They are in general a very idle, 
profligate, drunken, swearing set of wretches, 
with but very few exceptions. The Span- 
iards' conduct in grog shops with the 
squaws is really filthy and disgusting even 
in day time. Gambling is carried to the 
highest pitch, men often losing 500 dollars 
in cash in one night, or a 1000 head of 
cattle. . . .* 

Not the least opportunity for 
idleness was granted the Mormon 
Battalion during its Los Angeles 
sojourn. Already it had been parti- 
ally divided, with almost a fourth of 
its men garrisoned at San Diego and 
San Luis Rey. And now, within 
two weeks of its arrival, Company 
C was marched away to the moun- 
tains to guard Cajon Pass against 
the guerrilla bands who stubbornly 
harassed the American forces of 
{Continued on page 305) 

s See Golder, March of the Mormon Battalion, p. 
219, which quotes the Standage Journal ext. 

Mbid., pp. 220-221 



The report of the Church auditing com- 
mittee was read at the final session of 
the 113th Annual General Conference. 
Addressed to President Heber J. Grant and 
his counselors, the report read: 

Dear Brethren: 

Your Committee has reviewed the 1942 
annual financial report of the Church of 
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. We are 
happy to report that the Church is in a 
stronger position financially than at any 
other period in its history, a condition made 
possible only through the voluntary contri- 
butions of the tens of thousands of its de- 
voted members — most of them of small 

The Church has held to its policy of not 
running into debt; it has ample funds for 
its normal activities; it has given no mort- 
gages on any of its properties and no mort- 
gages are out-standing. Its position would 
seem safe short of a drastic inflationary 
unsetdement, which could carry every- 
thing down. This we believe can be, and 
we devoutly hope will be, averted. 

It is readily apparent to the committee 
that Church funds are regarded as a sacred 
trust and are being, as they have always 
been, administered prudently by the sus- 
tained authorities for the carrying on of 
the work to which the Church is dedicated. 

Respectfully submitted, 


Church Auditing Committee. 

The expenditures by the Church for the 
year 1942: 

Stake and Ward Purposes 

For the erection of meetinghouses 
and for ward and stake main- 
tenance expenses $1,841,671 

Missionary Work 

For the maintenance and opera- 
tion of missions, and for the 
erection and purchase of places 
of worship and other buildings 
in the missions — 916,771 


Expended for the maintenance 

of the Church school system.... 819,173 


Expended for the maintenance, 
operation, and construction of 
temples 292,774 


Expended for the erection and 
maintenance of hospital build- 
ings ( Included in Church Wel- 
fare program) 9,446 

Relief Assistance 

For direct aid in the care of the 
needy and other charitable 
purposes, including hospital 
treatment (From tithing funds 
only. Included in Church 
Welfare program) 307,483 

TOTAL _ $4,187,318 

Which has been taken from the 
tithes and other Church funds 
and returned by the Trustee- 


in-Trust to the Saints for the 
maintenance and operation of 
stakes and wards, mission ac- 
tivities, for the maintenance 
and operation of Church 
schools and temples, for hospi- 
tal buildings and relief assist- 


Church membership, stakes and 

missions 917,715 

Amount of voluntary fast offer- 
ings and welfare contribu- 
In wards: 

Fast offerings $ 568,547 

Welfare contributions re- 
ceipted for by bishops 87,564 

In missions: 

Fast offerings -— $ 32,923 

Total (all expended for re- 
lief) $ 689,034 

Disbursed to the needy by the 
Relief Society for direct as- 
sistance in their homes and for 
general welfare purposes, such 
as surgical appliances and pre- 
ventive and corrective health 
work 94,128 

For carrying on the general, wel- 
fare, and educational program 
of the Relief Society 371,442 

Expended from the tithes for gen- 
eral and local relief 202,771 

Expended directly by the Church 

Welfare Committee 104,712 

Expended for the hospital care 
of the sick in addition to the 
amount reported disbursed 
from the tithes 84,916 

Total $1 ,547,003 

30,822 persons who received as- 
sistance during the year — 
which is an average per month 
of 2,568 

Forest Trees for Farm Planting 

Tn a "plant more trees" program, the state 
* of Utah, cooperating with the United 
States Department of Agriculture through 
the Utah Extension Service and the School 
of Forestry of the Utah State Agricultural 
College, furnishes young trees for farm 
planting in Utah at nominal prices: among 
softwoods — Eastern Red Cedar, Ponderosa 
Pine, and Blue Spruce; among hardwoods- 
Green Ash, Siberian Elm, Black Locust, 
Honey Locust, Russian Olive, Siberian Pea 
Tree, Black Walnut, and Golden Willow. 
Trees, priced from one to two dollars a 
hundred, must be used on farm land and in 
Utah for woodlot, windbreak, or shelter- 
belt purposes. 

To be eligible for this low-cost service, 
the purchaser of planting stock must abide 
by certain conditions prescribed as the 
terms of the cooperative agreement outlined 
in Forestry Circular No. 14, obtainable from 
the School of Forestry, Utah State Agri- 
cultural College, Logan, Utah, to which all 
inquiries should be addressed. 

Merchandise produced by the 
Welfare program disbursed by 
stake and regional storehouses..$ 334,529 

The extent to which the welfare 
program is meeting the require- 
ments of the bishops in caring 
for the needy is indicated by 
the following percentages: 


Program-produced 67.8% 

Cash purchases 32.2% 


Program-produced 54.3% 

Cash purchases 45.7% 


Program-produced 77.7% 

Cash purchases 22.3% 

Bushels of wheat stored in 

Church-owned elevators 329,596 

Average fast offerings and wel- 
fare contributions per capita 
in wards $1.08 

Summary of Church Building Program 

Expended for the erection, im- 
provement, and furnishing of: 

Ward and stake buildings $ 875,193 

Mission buildings 134,741 

. Temple buildings 141,655 

Institutes and seminaries, 19,578 

Hospital buildings 5,499 

Other buildings 28,166 

Amount raised locally for 

building improvements 853,474 

Total -...$2,058,306 

In addition to the foregoing, the Church 
hospitals expended from hospital funds the 
following amounts for the erection and en- 
largement of buildings and the purchase of 
equipment: Thomas D. Dee Memorial Hos- 
pital, $58,517; Dr. W. H. Groves L. D. S. 
Hospital, $12,773; Idaho Falls L. D. S. Hos- 
pital, $42,583. Total, $113,873. 


Number of stakes December 31, 1942 — 
143 (at present time the same); 1,128 wards 
and 114 independent branches, or a total 
of 1,242 wards and branches in the stakes 
of Zion. There are 38 missions in the 

Church Membership 

Stakes 754,826 

Missions 162,889 

Total 917,715 

Church Growth 

Children blessed in the stakes and 

missions 23,808 

Children baptized in the stakes 

and missions 14,475 

Converts baptized in the stakes 

and missions 11,547 


Number of missionaries who re- 
ceived training in the mission- 
ary home - 643 

Social Statistics 

Birth rate per thousand 34.3 

Marriage rate per thousand 19.4 

Death rate per thousand 6.0 

— Illustrated by John Henry Evans, Jr. 



n a sudden impulse, 
Jean turned her car to the curb and 
stopped before the real estate office. She 
found Mr. Jackson just ready to leave. 

"I — I'm sorry." Jean was slightly 
confused, not knowing just why she 
was doing this. "It's just that I — 
would you let me have the key to the 
Connelly place? I should like to see it 

"Delighted." Mr. Jackson's full, 
pink jowls quivered with an excess of 
geniality. "Delighted. I'll do more 
than that. I'll run you out. I was 
leaving anyway." 

"Oh, no. I mean— I wouldn't think 
of having you do that. I have my car, 
and I can find it." 

"No trouble at all. Far from it. A 
brisk ride out there with a charming 
young lady. Besides, I am anxious to 
sell you the place." 

"Please — you see I — that is," Jean's 
confusion grew, "I thought I should 
like to see it alone." 

Mr. Jackson shook with laughter at 
her constraint, her naivete. 

"Like to see how you'll like it when 
the Mister has gone to work, huh? 
Don't mind my saying it, Miss Peter- 
son, but you are refreshing. Most girls 
would have jumped at the chance for 
that place. I hope," he turned mock- 
serious, "that you are not going to turn 
down our offer. It is just the location 
for Mr. Edmunds. You know, prestige, 
and all that. I've told you this before. 
Better let me take you out." 

"Thank you, but it is near your din- 
ner time. I may be late." 

"Well — if you insist." 

As soon as she could, Jean fled to 



her car. Turning the wheel, she 
swung it back into traffic. Instead of 
turning east toward Hillview Heights, 
she followed the highway south. She 
must come to a decision. Todd had 
been a little tight-lipped last night. 
. "I have heard of girls who married 
without a house," he said, a little 
grimly, "but they were in love." 

"Todd," she cried. "You know it 
isn't that, darling. It's just that-— that 

But how could she tell him when 
she, herself, did not know. She wanted 
to please Todd. Marriage, her mar- 
riage must not prove a mistake. Per- 
haps the buying of this house had be- 
come a symbol to her. That was why 
she must see it again, alone. 

Ohe passed the business 
district, a section of apartment and 
boardinghouses, passed numerous small 
homes, and then turned to the right 
down an unkept street. She stopped 
before a house set back in a big yard. 
Its bricks were faded, and the paint- 
ing on the cornices was beginning to 
peel. There was a big window at the 
front. In the back was a wide spread- 
ing tree with a swing. The lawn, front 
and back, was spacious but not particu- 
larly well-kept. Suddenly a screen 
slammed at the back, and Jean became 
conscious that she was parked directly 

before the house. Turning quickly she 
drove away. 

She turned east toward Hillview 
Heights. Immediately she was con- 
scious that spring was in the air. Signs 
denied it. The sky was gray. A no- 
tional wind played hide-and-seek with 
bits of paper and spurts of dust. One 
moment pedestrians were throwing 
open their coats and the next clutching 
them together for warmth. From the 
sidewalk a man's hat went sailing out 
into the street, skittishly avoiding cars. 
The owner pushed his heavy vanguard 
after it but just as his fingers would 
have grasped it the wind in sudden 
caprice picked it up and set it down 
on the sidewalk. Jean laughed aloud, 
and the uncertainty that had wrapped 
her like a blanket lifted for the moment. 

She was happy, happy, happy. She 
loved Todd and was going to marry 
him, but life so often handed out un- 
expected punches. Things, people, 
were so uncertain. Like Todd. He 
looked so well, so utterly untouched 
by any — any defect. Yet there was 
the report of his examining board. Now 
he was working with chemicals in the 
Bretherton Plant. Marriage could not 
be uncertain. One must make a go of 

Before the Connelly house she 

parked, and this time she got out, lock- 

{Continued on page 292) 




(D. Elton Trueblood. Harper & Brothers, 
New York. $2.75.) 

'T'he professor of the philosophy of reli- 
■*■ gion in Stanford University, already 
the author of several excellent books on 
religious philosophy, here sets out to apply 
the principles of logic to religious belief. 
He draws upon all reliable knowledge in 
establishing his conclusions and courag- 
eously rejects all views not safely founded 
in human experience. He quotes at the 
head of the first chapter, "Religion, science 
and philosophy refer to the same world." 
That is really the cementing thought that 
holds together his argument, which falls into 
four main divisions, each with several chap- 
ters: "The Structure of Belief"; "Types of 
Belief"; "The Evidence for Theistic Belief"; 
and "Difficulties of Belief." The conclusion 
deals with "The Belief in Immortality," from 
empirical evidence and intimations from the 
nature of mind, and as the corollary of faith. 
He calls the book an introduction to religious 
philosophy, but the subjects discussed, often 
lost to the average reader of religious books 
by heavy profundity of style and thinking, 
are here discussed simply, clearly, to the 
understanding of every reasonably intelli- 
gent reader. It is not to be expected that 
every conclusion can be accepted; yet as a 
common sense defense of faith the book de- 
serves wide reading. It would be well if 
more writers on religion followed Dr. True- 
blood's methods in dealing with religious 
problems. — J. A. W. 


(I. Nechaev. Coward-McCann, Inc., New 
York. 1942. 223 pages. $2.50.) 

THE discovery of the chemical elements 
is here told in simple language and fas- 
cinating style. The men who made the dis- 
coveries, and founded the world-transform- 
ing science of chemistry are followed in 
their earnest search for truth. Science often 
seems mysterious. This book reveals how 
simply and naturally the facts of science 
follow sincere inquiry. 

The story is romantic and holds the at- 
tention to the end. It shows scientific pur- 
suits to be in the field of high adventure. 
Besides, it presents information that should 
be possessed by all intelligent people in this 
day of unequalled scientific endeavor. It is 
good reading for boys and men, for the be- 
ginner or the veteran scientist. It would 
be well if more books of this kind were 
available to direct wisely the ambitions of 
boys. The book is translated from the 
Russian; and the translator has done her 
work unusually well.—/. A. W. 


( Seba Eldridge and Associates. University 
of Kansas Press, Lawrence, Kansas. 577 
pages. $4.50.) 

THIS is a monumental study by thirty out- 
standing American scholars. It pre- 
sents in condensed, organized form the es- 
sential facts of collective enterprises, par- 
ticularly in the United States. The work 
falls into five parts with thirty-two chap- 
ters: "Growth of Collective Enterprises"; 
"Fields Already Collectivized"; "Fields Un- 
dergoing Collectivization"; "Special Prob- 
lems"; and a "Theory of Collective Enter- 
prise." Students of this live present-day 


subject, need scarcely go further in their 
search for dependable, comprehensive in- 
formation. Following the chapters are ex- 
cellent bibliographies in defense of the state- 
ments made. Necessarily, in such a study, 
the reader may disagree with conclusions, 
but the facts are correctly presented. 

Since cooperation is collectivism in a re- 
stricted sense, this volume appeals to all 
Latter-day Saints. The chapter on "Land 
Reclamation," by Dr. George Stewart, of 
the Y.M.M.I.A. general board, is of special 
interest to those who live in the irrigated 
section. This chapter is a nationwide sur- 
vey of the subject, but is by far the best 
up-to-date summary of the development of 
irrigation in the United States. The forces 
at work in building communities of men and 
women in the desert are clearly delineated. 
It is profitable reading for all who live in 
the West. 

The chapter on "Rural Resettlement," by 
Dr. Lowry Nelson, formerly of the B.Y.U. 
faculty, is also of great interest. 

Altogether it is a notable volume serv- 
ing a present need, and showing what may 
be accomplished by scholars working to- 
gether in the spirit of cooperation. — /. A. W. 



(Lin Yutang. Random House, New York. 

1942. 1104 pages. $3.95.) 

With the shrinking of the earth's size, 
mankind must, if peace is to come, 
learn to understand and appreciate what 
has been accomplished in other sections of 
the world. Narrow-minded intolerance of 
other nations' cultures must be eliminated; 
this elimination can come about through a 
wholesome respect inculcated by impartial 
study. Probably no better book for the Far 
East can be found than this volume by an 
eminent scholar who knows and appreciates 
the cultures of the Orient by birth and heri- 
tage, and those of the Occident by study and 

In various subdivisions, Dr. Lin has writ- 
ten an introduction which indicates some- 
thing of the background for each inclusion. 
From India, he includes sections from the 
Hindu and Buddhist philosophies as well as 
examples of Indian imagination and humor. 
From China, Dr. Lin includes the great 
wisdoms of Laotse, Chuangtse, Mencius, 
Motse, Confucius, and Tsesze. In addition 
he includes examples of Chinese poetry, 
wit, and wisdom. — M. C. J. 


(Jonreed Lauritzen. Alfred A. Knopf, New 

York. 1943. 311 pages. $2.50.) 

THE inner and outer conflict of a quarter- 
breed Navajo, Sigor, whether he shall 
spend his life as a Navajo or as a white man, 
is the theme of this novel. His double 
allegiance leads to a series of situations 
which end, with the help of an auburn- 
haired Mormon girl, in victory for the white 
man's blood. The problem is developed 
dexterously and beautifully. 

The scene is laid, supposedly, in the wild 
country south and north of the Grand 
Canyon — the Navajos to the south, and the 
Mormons to the north, in the so-called Utah's 
Dixie. With the license of the novelist, the 
miles have been shortened, and some histori- 
cal facts distorted, but events and localities 
are easily recognized by the native west- 

There are in the book descriptions worthy 
of the sublime scenery of the region; and 
there are passages of superb emotional ap- 
peal. There is power in the book. This 
first novel gives promise of a distinguished 
literary career. 

It may be fairly asked, however, why the 
author, who chose to supply Sigor 's white 
man's training in a Mormon community, 
should caricature the Mormon people and 
their practices. That adds neither interest 
nor beauty to the book. The literature 
which has survived the centuries has clung 
to truth. There is enough of strength and 
weakness in men as they are to supply the 
novelist's imagination. One suspects limi- 
tations of mind when there is resort to 
caricature. The Mormons and their mode 
of living, as described in this book, are man- 
made; they would not be recognized by the 
heavens above nor the earth below. The 
implication that the Mormons were unkind 
to the Indians does not conform to truth. 
The Mormons, from their religious beliefs, 
were the kindest friends that the Indians 
had. Several young authors who, like Mr. 
Lauritzen, are of Mormon origin, have re- 
cently entered the field of Mormon cari- 
cature. Simple wisdom, as well as artistry, 
should warn them away from the dishon- 
ored rubbish heap of anti-Mormon books. 

— /. A. W. 

(Clark L. Fredrikson. Illustrated. A. S. 
Barnes and Company, New York. 
1942. 128 pages. $1.25.) 

With a summer of limited travel and 
unlimited possibilities of becoming 
better acquainted with our families present- 
ing itself, this picnic book will prove of in- 
estimable worth in the better planning of 
leisure. Everything from planning the out- 
ing to the making of various kinds of fires 
is included in this practical book, as well as 
special occasion programs and games, 
stunts, and contests, and even suitable mu- 
sic, drama, and speeches to be programmed. 
This book will be found a worth-while 
addition to the home library of every fam- 
ily.— M. C. ]. 


(Robert Frost. Illustrated. With an in- 
troduction and comments by Louis Unter- 
meyer. Henry Holt and Company, New 
York. 1943. 193 pages. $2.50.) 

Robert Frost is always an experience, 
and in none of his books is he a greater 
experience than in this, his latest, for added 
to his own rare quality are the abilities 
of two other capable artists, Louis Unter- 
meyer and John O'Hara Cosgrave. 

The versatility which Robert Frost dis- 
plays is in itself a mark of talent, but the 
humor and the poignant insight into his 
subjects set him apart as a genius. The 
poetry has been gathered under seven heads: 
"An Invitation," "The Code and Other 
Stories," "The Hired Man and Other Peo- 
ple," "Stopping by Woods and Other 
Places," "The Runaway and Other Ani- 
mals," "Country Things and Other Things," 
and "An Afterword." 

The collection includes some of Frost's 
newer poems as well as the established 
favorites such as "Birches," "Mending 
Wall," "Death of the Hired Man." The 
selection includes poems from the author's 
seven published volumes of verse. — M. C. ]. 
(Concluded on page 295) 


By Olive Woolley Burt 

Let May day come! Let flower-crowned 
Maypoles spread 
Their ribbon-arms with benedictory grace 
Above the bands of children, whose feet 

Patterns of joy on grass. Let realms be led 
By freckled queens and barefoot kings, 

Of tyrants armed. In every grassy place 
Across this land, let children interlace 
Bright hieroglyphs of health high overhead. 

And let these Maypoles boldly reassert 
Our faith in children; in a future day 
When, freed from fear of slavery, want, or 

The whole wide world will gaily greet the 

Thus reaffirm the faith we symbolize 
By children dancing under safe, clean skies. 

By Drucilla Thomas 

SINCE God needed helpers, 
I yearned to work hard 
For the blessings of service, 

Unequaled reward. 
So I bargained with Him, 

Though I almost forgot 
In the changes and temptings 

Mortality brought. 
But my mother, remembering, 

Patiently trod, 
One hand clasping mine 

While her other touched God. 
And she opened my doorway 

Of memory again. 
Thank God for my own 

And all mothers of men. 

By Genneva Dickey Watson 

Ah, no! This cabin in the trees 
Is not for sale. Could we sell these: 
Sound of water running clear, 
Sparkling music for the ear; 
Bird calls early mornings bring, 
And every joyous wildwood thing; 
The tiny mayflower's pale-hued star 
Springing from banks where mosses are, 
White foxgloves shaking silent bells, 
The daisy that our true love tells 
In scattered petals where we walk — 
And trees that hear our secret talk. 

These lovely things our minds enfold 
To keep our hearts from growing old. 
There is no money that can buy 
A home where happiness runs high. 

By Pfc. Laurence E. Estes 

ALL winter long they cast a shadow 
Upon my window pane — 
And stood in quiet aloofness 
In silent mock disdain! 

But now with buds appearing, 
They creep up close and seem 
To offer their friendship 
A.cross the bubbling stream! 

By Ann Woodbury Hafen 

Today I looked on a map of the West — 
my mother's hand. 

Flesh geography of the old frontier was 

In the strong blue veins that ridged the fur- 
rowed skin. 

In the eddied knuckles, weathered nails, 
and gullied palm, 

I saw how the raw West shaped a woman's 

As that hand shaped the West. 

A picture map deep etched — this hand that 

worked a hoe, 
That scythed alfalfa bribes for evening milk, 
That carried 'dobes for the long-dreamed 

That scrubbed out irrigation's mud and 

This steady hand that pressed the danger 

Delivered newborn, needled shrouds, and 

washed the dead. 

Through ninety beauty-hungry years, 
Through four generations of weddings the 

small hand moved — 
A self-willed dynamo that generated 
Sixty stitches to a minute, 
Twenty pieces to a quilt block pattern, 
Forty blocks to a quilt 
Of rainbow wedding rings to warm the 

ma tings. 

In an Old World garden, this hand, velvet- 

Secreted seeds in a young bride's deepest 

Guarded them from hunger's blind devour- 

Through six thousand hungry miles 

And fed them at last to the black volcanic 

Of the Rocky Mountains. 

Out of a woman's bended labor, 
Watered by a widow's tearful prayers, 
Stirred by courage of a mother's hand, 
The sleeping land awoke to food and flowers. 

Flesh geography of the West I touched 

In the seamed erosions of a weathered palm. 
I saw the raw West shape a woman's hand 
And that hand shape the West. 

By Julene Cushing 

DEAR God, I rode Thy highway yesterday. 
A steel plane lifted wings, and so away 
I sailed into a heaven wide and free 
And felt the arms of space enfolding me. 

I heard the rush of angels winging by, 
And touched the rainbowed colors of the 

The clouds rolled at my feet in misty grace, 
While sunbeams shone through rain's soft 

silver lace. 

The way was straight and clear, no cross- 
roads there, 
No traffic and no stop lights anywhere, 
No conflict marred my steady, onward flight, 
I watched the golden day turn into night. 

I ride along a man-made road today, 
Confused with crossways now; dear God, 
I pray: 

Give me the wise, free wings of heaven's 

To guide my earthly course of mind and 



By Celia Keegan 

Y fragile glasses can be wrapped with 

And gently packed in yesterday's old news. 
Burlap can cover table, desk, and chair 
To save smooth surfaces from rough abuse. 
My linens may be fragrant, boxed, and neat, 
While crated books may cause strong men 

to grumble, 
And the piano sheathed in a ragged sheet 
Lest it be marred, should careless carriers 


All these possessions can be moved away 
To a street new-numbered and new named. 
But something that I dearly loved must 

The living picture my bedroom window 

And for months, this vagrant thought will 

tease my mind: 
"What was the thing those movers left 


Fay Cornwall Bolin 

YOU seem to me like a snatch of song 
That I heard as I hurried, so careless, 
With an aching throat I stand and strain 
To catch but an echo of that refrain. 

By Emily Barlow 
A Young Writer 

I wake to a gray world. 
Even the growing green of trees 
Is veiled by a tired fog—that clings to the 

Of hills and houses and tall things. 

But the busy hands of the sun and breeze 

Sweep and gather and swirl 

And lift and furl, 

For gray is not meant for mornings. 



The Recent Conference 

(See Conference Index, page 259) 

'"Phe one hundred thirteenth annual 
conference of the Church held in 
the Salt Lake Tabernacle April 4, 5, 
and 6, was limited in attendance to the 
General Authorities of the Church, 
presidencies of stakes, former presidents 
of stakes, patriarchs, high councilmen, 
presidencies of high priests quorums, 
presidencies of seventies quorums, 
presidencies of elders quorums, temple 
presidencies, bishoprics of wards, presi- 
dencies of independent branches in or- 
ganized stakes, presidencies of depend- 
ent branches in organized stakes, presi- 
dents of stake missions, superintend- 
ency of the Deseret Sunday School 
Union, superintendency of general 
board of the Y.M.M.I.A., Genealogi- 
cal Society general board, commis- 
sioner, seminary supervisors, and mem- 
bers of the Church board of education. 
A number of service men attended the 
conference by special invitation. 

President Heber J. Grant attended 
all sessions of the conference but one, 
and, in his Sunday morning address, 
read by President McKay, announced 
that the Church had purchased a tem- 
ple site in the foothills of East Oakland 
overlooking San Francisco Bay. 

Elder Joseph Fielding Smith ad- 
dressed Columbia's Church of the Air 
in a half-hour coast-to-coast broadcast. 
His subject was "Blessed is the Nation 
Whose God is the Lord." 

Howard Barker, superintendent of 
buildings and grounds for the Salt Lake 
City board of education, was appointed 
a member of the Church Welfare Com- 
mittee during the conference. 

The golden jubilee commemoration 
of the dedication of the Salt Lake Tem- 
ple was marked by a forty-five minute 
radio program over KSL Tuesday eve- 
ning, April 6. The events of the tem- 
ple construction were dramatized and 
the Tabernacle Choir sang the hymns 
heard at the dedication. 

Regional conferences were held 
throughout the Church on April 1 1 and 
18, with General Authorities in attend- 
ance in each region. 

Clean-up, Conservation 
Program Urged for 1943 

npHE Presiding Bishop's Office advises 
■*■ that the following points be con- 
sidered in the spring clean-up cam- 

1. Conserving and maintaining property 
by cleaning, painting, and repairing, thereby 
relieving the employment crisis in the pro- 
duction of those items which will thus be 
preserved and reclaimed. 

2. Augmenting the food supply by com- 
plete support of the Church Welfare garden 


3. Renewing and increasing interest in the 
war salvaging program. 

4. Eliminating fire hazards by a Church- 
wide clean-up, disposing of useless materials 
and salvaging anything of value to our na- 
tional war effort. 

5. Promoting tire protection by cleaning 
up glass fragments, nails, and debris from 
streets, alleys, driveways, and yards around 
Church property and private homes. 

6. Stressing the importance of maintain- 
ing and protecting good health through sani- 
tation. This is especially desirable in view 
of reduced medical assistance. 

7. Beautifying Church buildings, using 
materials and labor not essential to the war 

Nephi L. Morris Passes 

"VTephi L. Morris, former president 
"*■' -of the Salt Lake Stake, and promi- 
nent in civic circles died in Salt Lake 
City April 5. He was seventy-two years 
of age. 

He was called on a special mission 
to visit the M.I.A. organizations in 
northern Utah and southern Idaho in 
1891, and in 1892 was called on a mis- 
sion to Great Britain. Returning in 
1895, he became associated with the 
Y.M.M.I.A. of the Salt Lake Stake. 
Later he was a member of the Fifteenth 
Ward bishopric and in 1904 was sus- 
tained as president of the Salt Lake 
Stake, a position he held for twenty- 
five years. 

Active as student and lecturer, he 
wrote many articles for the Church and 
was author of the book Prophecies of 
Joseph Smith and Their Fulfillment. 

At the time of his death he was serv- 
ing his second term as president of the 
Salt Lake City board of education. 


L. D. S. Organizations 
In Army Camps 

atter-day Saint groups have been 
*~* organized in the following camps 
for holding sacrament meeting, Sunday 
School, and Priesthood meeting. Men 
in the service in these respective camps 
are urged to contact the chaplain or 
president of the organization, as listed, 
for time and place of meeting. 

Chaplain Milton J. Hess (L. D. S.) , Navy 
8225, Dutch Harbor, Alaska. 


Clyde M. Lunceford, 332 F.E.F.T. Sq.. 
Luke Field, Arizona. Meetings held Wed- 
nesdays 7 p.m. at post chapel. 

Inquire of Post Chaplain Ziman for loca- 
tion of meeting, Williams Field, Arizona, 
Wednesday 7:30 p.m. 

Lt. Max Williams, Florence Internment 
Camp, Camp Coolidge, Arizona. Meetings 
on Wednesday night. 

Sgt. Seaman Mills, Special Service Div., 
Davis-Monthan Field, Arizona. 

Lt. Col. Willis, Marana Army Air Field 
Flying School, Tucson, Arizona. 


San Diego Area, Chaplain John W. Boud 
(L. D. S.), Navy Relief Society, Head- 
quarters, Eleventh Naval District, San 
Diego, California. 

Chaplain A. G. Jackson (L. D. S.), Re- 
ceiving Ship Barracks, Treasure Island, 
San Francisco, California. 

Chaplain Orlando S. McBride (L. D. S.), 
Office of the Post Chaplain, Camp Roberts, 

Pfc. Norman A. Watson, 39235409, Batt. 
A 65th Coast Artillery (Anti-Aircraft), 
Inglewood, California. 

Florida : 

Pvt. H. Preston Whitehead, No. 39834545, 
Co. A, 105 Eng. Bn., APO No. 30, Camp 
Blanding, Florida. 

Idaho : 

^Chaplain Glen Y. Richards (L. D. S.), 

Camp Ward, U.S.N.T.S., Farragut, Idaho. 


Pfc. Preston T. Marehant, 39835268, 
Maint. Co. 42 A.R. APO 261, Camp Polk, 
Louisiana. Meetings at 1:30 p.m. at 10th 
St. chapel (Sunday). 


First Lieutenant Joseph E. Vincent,, 
C.M.P. Commanding, 406th M.P.E.G.C, 
Camp McCain, Mississippi. 

New Mexico: 

Corp. Emron H. Wright, 973 B.T.S. D. 
A.A.F., Deming, New Mexico. 

Corp. Marcel Lauper, Weather Office, 
Fort Sumner, New Mexico. 

Oregon : 

Clovis L. Hill, D.E.M.L. Sec. S.C.U. 
1913, Camp White, Medford, Oregon. 
Meetings 1 o'clock Sunday at post chapel. 

Texas : 

. Monitor C. Noyce, 2312 8th St., Wichita 

Falls, Texas, Sheppard Field. 

Clare Johnson, Class 18 O.C.S.M.A.C, 
Camp Barkeley, Abilene, Texas. 

Chaplain Gerald L. Erickson (L. D. S.), 
Office of the Post Chaplain, Camp Hood, 


Virginia : 

Sea 2/C Rex D. Terry, Ships Co. Mess 
Hall No. 1, Camp Peary, Williamsburg, 


Chaplain C. Clarence Neslen (L. D. S.). 
Office of the Post Chaplain, Ft. Lewis, 


Chaplain Robert G. Gibbons (L. D. S.), 
Office of the Post Chaplain, Fort Francis 
E. Warren, Wyoming. 

Church Directory Ready 
For Service Men 

A pocket-size Church directory cov- 

> ering the United States, Canada, 

the British Isles, Hawaii, and Australia, 

has just been printed for distribution to 

Latter-day Saints in the armed forces. 

It lists the general authorities of the 
Church; names and addresses of mission 
presidents and acting mission presi- 
dents; addresses of chapels in the mis- 
sion field; names and addresses of presi- 
dents of stakes; addresses of ward chap- 
els in the stakes; and the location of all 
chapels in Salt Lake City. 

The directory contains a double page 
map showing the division of the United 
States into missions, which is helpful in 
determining in which mission field the 
service man finds himself. 

The directories are being distributed 
to the service men by their bishops 
along with a pocket-size edition of the 
Book of Mormon and a compilation 
Principles of the Gospel 

Welfare Facilities Will 
Aid Home Canning 

'TPhe modern facilities of canneries 
maintained in the Church Welfare 
program are going to be made available 
under competent supervision to groups 
of Church members banding together to 
do their home canning. Conditions 
are that arrangements be made through 
the bishop or stake president for use 
of the canneries at hours they are not 
busy processing the produce from regu- 
lar Welfare projects. Cans may be ob- 
tained from commercial supply houses. 
Foods thus preserved may be used and 
conserved in addition to the point- 
rationing allotment. 

Among Church canneries are those 
located in Utah at St. George, Hurri- 
cane, Cedar City, Richfield, Salt Lake 
City, Ogden, Brigham, Logan, Heber, 
Roosevelt, and American Fork; in Idaho 
at Pocatello, Boise, Idaho Falls, and 
Rexburg; in Arizona at Mesa and Snow- 
flake; in Canada at Taber; in California 
at San Diego, Long Beach, South Los 
Angeles, Pasadena, Gridley, and Yuba 

At the Salt Lake regional storehouse 
a supplementary unit is being built es- 
pecially to accommodate these group 
canning enterprises. 


WE ARE short of female names at 
the Salt Lake Temple, as at all 
the temples, but have a goodly num- 
ber of male names. If the members 
of the Church having female names 
they would like done will bring them 
in, approved by the Index Bureau, 
we will see that the work is done for 
them, for the present at least. Mem- 
bers are urged to push research on 
their own lines. 

Stephen L. Chipman, 
President, Salt Lake Temple 

Robert L. Harris, 
full-blood Catawba of 
South Carolina. 

Catawba Indian Members 
in South Carolina 

\JiT C. Burton, of Salt Lake City, 
^* who filled a mission to the 
Southern States in 1881-82, has re- 
ceived a letter in a remarkably clear 
hand from Robert L. Harris, Catawba 
Indian from Rock Hill, South Caro- 
lina, who relates that on the reservation 
where he lives there are 250 Indians, 
all members of the Church. Despite the 
war, "the missionary work will be car- 
ried on by the home folks," he writes. 

For Service Men in 
The San Diego Area 

/^haplain John W. Boud, Jr., United 
^** States Navy, reports the holding of 
meetings for L. D. S. men in the service 
at the following times and in the follow- 
ing places in the San Diego area : 

U. S. Naval Training Station, San Diego, 
every Monday 6:00 p.m., Room 10, 
Building 4, Camp Mahan (Main School 
Building), Corner Truxton and Farragut 

Camp Elliott (Marines), every Tuesday, 
6:00 p.m., Camp Chapel 

U. S. Marine Base, every Wednesday, 6:30 
p.m., Recruit Depot, D & I Building 
(No. 123), Reception room (near Chap- 
lain's office) 

Camp Callan (U. S. Army), every Thurs- 
day, 6:00 p.m., Balcony of West Chapel 

Camp Matthews (Marine Rifle Range), 
every Thursday, 7:30 p.m., Armorer's 
School Building 

U. S. Naval Receiving Station, Balboa 
Park (formerly Camp Kidd), every Fri- 
day, 7:30 p.m., Protestant Chaplain's Of- 
fice, Building No. 3 

U. S. N. Destroyer Base, 6:00 p.m., Chap- 
lain's Office 

Meetings and activities are also 
scheduled in the San Diego Stake as 
follows : 

Sunday School 10:00 a.m. 

Sacrament Meeting 6:00 p.m. 

Fireside Social 7:00 p.m. 

Young People's M. I. A. (Tues- 
day) 7:00 p.m. 

Service Men's Dance (Every 
Saturday at 3705 10th Ave- 
nue, San Diego) 8:00 p.m. 

Meetings are held in the following 

wards : 

Hillcrest— 3705 10th Avenue 

North Park — 3047 University 

Fairmount — 4053 Marlborough (at Uni- 

Logan Heights— 2950 K St. 

Nat'l City— 2509 Highland Ave. 

College Ward— I.O.O.F. Hall (La Mesa) 
For additional information, call or 

write Chaplain John W. Boud, 1 1th 

Naval District Chaplain's Office, 441 

Spreckles Building, San Diego. Phone 

M-3871 Ex-411. 

New England Mission 
Dedicates Home, Chapel 

HpHE mission home of the New Eng- 
land Mission and the Cambridge 
Branch chapel of that mission were 
dedicated on March 21 by President 
David O. McKay. Both buildings were 
large mansion homes before they were 
purchased by the Church and remod- 
eled. These two buildings in Cam- 
bridge, home of Harvard University, 
give the Church "a feeling of perma- 
nence in New England," to quote one 

Dutch Harbor 
Branch Created 

HPhe most westerly branch of the 
A Church on the North American 
continent, the Dutch Harbor Branch, 
Unalaska, was organized in November, 
1942, with Parley M. Pratt as presi- 
dent. Although handicapped by the 
war, the branch is functioning and mis- 
sionary work among non-members is 
being carried forward. 

Tabernacle Organist 
Makes Concert Tour 

Alexander Schreiner, Tabernacle 
"^ organist and member of the gen- 
eral Church music committee, made an 
extended concert tour in February and 
March which took him to major cities in 
widely separated parts of the country 
and which created much favorable com- 
ment in each of them. 

The itinerary included organ recitals 
at Teachers College, Seward, Nebras- 
ka; University of Minnesota, Minne- 
apolis; Eaton Auditorium, Toronto; 
Covenant Presbyterian Church, Cin- 
cinnati; Trinity Episcopal Church, 
Little Rock; Southern Methodist Uni- 
versity, Dallas; First Presbyterian 
Church, San Diego; L. D. S. chapel, 
San Pedro; Occidental College, Los 
Angeles; L. D. S. chapel, Berkeley; 
Tuesday Morning Club, Sacramento; 
Trinity Episcopal Church, San Jose, 

At Fort Lewis, Washington, Elder 
Schreiner played a courtesy recital late 
in March at the dedication of the post's 
new chapel organ. 

(Concluded on page 298) 



JolhsL TftothsUtA. og, ihiL tfhaciL 

"\17'oman's struggle against discrimination has 
been a long, stubbornly-contested crusade. 
From being inventoried among the properties of 
man to being accounted equal with him in legal, 
social, and professional rights is a distance that has 
been traveled up-hill, consuming generations of 
time, and necessitating the leveling of heavily en- 
trenched obstacles. But now the goal would seem 
suddenly to have come in sight. In much of the 
world at least, seemingly a woman can go any- 
where her ability and persistence will take her, in 
the professions, the vocations, or in the civic life 
of the community. 

This is as it should be. That woman should oc- 
cupy a place by the side of man, equal in the sphere 
for which she is qualified, is fundamental. But 
somehow the suggestion of a cloud seems to have 
appeared on the horizon. Is it possible that this 
new-found freedom has come so fast as to over- 
balance in large numbers the potential mothers of 
the race? Is it possible that freedom to a certain 
well-known type of emancipated womanhood 
means freedom to assume the vices as well as the 
privileges? This question is prompted in part by 
a startling summarizing statement in the Annual 
Bulletin for 1942 of Uniform Crime Reports, re- 
cently issued by the Federal Bureau of Investiga- 

For arrests of persons less than twenty-one years of age, 
males decreased 3.6 percent and females increased 55.7 
percent. The fingerprint cards received representing females 
under twenty-one years of age arrested for prostitution in- 
creased 64.8 percent; for other sex offenses, 104.7 percent; 
for vagrancy, 124.3 percent; for disorderly conduct, 69.6 
percent; and for drunkenness, 39.9 percent. 

The wartime increase in crime and delinquency among 
women and girls spotlights the need for redoubled efforts 
to keep the home front clean, wholesome, and strong. 

This warning, which comes from the Depart- 
ment of Justice, might well find reverberation in the 
pulpits, in the armed forces and governmental 
circles, and in the homes of the nation. Here is 
evidence of a condition that is polluting the very 
fountains of life. Whether it be blamable to war 
and all its unholy brood, or whether it be merely 
the acceleration of an already established trend, is 
perhaps a matter that remains to be decided, but 
whatever the causes, every agency that has a voice 
in such matters — governmental, religious, and so- 
cial — must move with determination and with far- 
seeing wisdom in all matters affecting the time- 
honored and protected status of womanhood. Equal- 
ity of the sexes, a cardinal principle of the gospel of 
Jesus Christ, implies the equal purity of men- — not 
the debasement of women. The single standard, 

fundamental to Christian morality, does not mean 
that women, in their conduct, shall be brought 
down to the level of men — and he who, for any 
cause whatsoever, would remove the mothers and 
potential mothers of the race from their high 
pedestal or who would abolish any of the safe- 
guards with which womanhood has been sur- 
rounded, has already paid an instalment on future 
disaster — a disaster that strikes at the roots of de- 
cency and of civilization itself. — R. L. E. 

Tn sorrow and tears, mother's day this year is being 
celebrated throughout the world. No home is 
free from heartaches resulting from this war, the 
like of which recorded history has no parallel. In 
all warring countries, mothers are asking why this 
gruesome business of killing should continue; why 
in anguish and pain, they should bear sons the 
ultimate destiny of whom seems to be death or 
worse; why death must thus defeat life. 

One fictitious hero made the statement that there 
would always be wars because men liked wars; 
women didn't, but men did. If that is true, then 
women, the mothers of men, should build more 
surely that they can counteract this seemingly in- 
herent tendency which makes men desire to fight. 
Children must be taught to preserve this com- 
bativeness so that they may assume their posi- 
tions in the world as adults, that they may not 
be timid and cowed, unable to meet adverse situ- 
ations. But they must likewise be taught that 
this combativeness must not obnoxiously predom- 
inate their entire thinking and acting. They must 
learn early in life the nice distinction about the 
things for which they should and should not fight. 

Mothers can, with prayerful wisdom, indicate 
how this pugnaciousness maybe turned into worthy 
channels. Men need to fight the weaknesses with- 
in themselves, the evils which arise in their com- 
munities; they need to fight intolerance and sel- 
fishness and greed; they need to fight against the 
ravages of disease and the disasters of nature. 
Men need to fight for righteousness and for equal- 
ity of opportunity; they need to fight for the true 
brotherhood of man and the righteous worship of 
God the Father and His Son, Jesus Christ. 

Women have a sure vision of kindly ways; 
mothers, especially, know the value of love. They 
are the first teachers of men. If they look well to 
that teaching, they will see their careful tendance 
bear the fruits of kindliness, tolerance, service, and 
love for all mankind. When they succeed in their 
teaching, wars will cease, and peace will become a 
matter of course in the way of life. Then mothers 
may feel that they have lived to the measure of 
their greatness in helping Christ's plan come to 
pass. — M. C. /. 


Evidences and 

IxvL dfow Wlm^ cl 
J&Atimjontf. jc^L thsL Jhuitu 
x>£ JthfL $joAp&L £jl OJbicuwicL? 

\ll embers of the Church frequently "bear testimonies," 
■ LVA one to the other. They declare that they know 
the restored gospel to be true; and voice the joy found 
in the possession of the gospel. 

Such testimonies are statements of certainty of be- 
lief. They imply that the united experiences and pow- 
ers of the man or woman confirm the truth of the gospel. 
Doubt is dismissed. Faith becomes the ruling power. 

A testimony consists of faith in God as the Father 
of the spirits of men; then in a divine plan of salvation 
for all men, with Jesus, the Christ, at the head; and 
finally in the restoration of the gospel or the plan and 
Priesthood authority through the instrumentality of the 
Prophet Joseph Smith. 

The learned and the unlearned, the youth and the 
veteran, the high and the humble may bear such a testi- 
mony alike. Each one learns the truth through his 
own powers. To each one may come the conviction 
that truth is the substance of the gospel and its claims. 
The man, rich in learning and experience, may be able 
to marshal more evidences for his belief than the adol- 
escent lad; but, since both have tested the gospel with 
the means at their command, and found it not wanting, 
they may both claim respect for their separate testi- 

A conviction of the truth of the gospel, a testimony, 
must be sought if it is to be found. It does not come 
as the dew from heaven. Often it requires battle with 
traditions, former opinions and appetites, and a long 
testing of the gospel by every available fact and stand- 
ard. "Faith is a gift of God," but faith must be used 
to be of service to man. The Lord lets it rain upon the 
just and the unjust, but only he whose field is well 
plowed is benefited by the moisture from the sky. 

Specifically, what must a person do in his quest 
for a testimony? 

First, there must be a desire for truth. That is the 
beginning of all human progress. The desire to know the 
truth of the gospel must be insistent, constant, over- 
whelming, burning. It must be a driving force. A 
"devil-may-care" attitude will not do. Otherwise, the 
seeker will not pay the required price for the testimony. 

A testimony comes only to those who desire it. Saul, 
as an enemy of Christ, was sincere in his persecutions. 
As his desire for truth developed, the Lord could bring 
to him the conviction of his error. 

Desire must precede all else in the winning of a testi- 

Second, the seeker for a testimony must recognize 
his own limitations. There are truths beyond the material 
universe. Indeed, a testimony may be said to begin 
with the acceptance of God, who transcends as well as 
encompasses material things. The seeker for a testi- 
mony feels the need of help beyond his own powers, 
as the astronomer uses the telescope to enlarge his 
natural vision. The seeker for a testimony prays to 
the Lord for help. Such a prayer must be as insistent 
and constant as the desire. They must move together 
as the palm and back of the hand. Then help will 
come. Many a man has strayed from the road because 
his desire has not been coupled with prayer. 

Prayer must accompany desire in the quest for a testi- 

Third, an effort must be put forth to learn the gospel, 
to understand it, to comprehend the relationship of its 
principles. The gospel must be studied, otherwise no 
test of its truth may sanely be applied to it. That study 
must be wide and constantly continued, for the content 
of the gospel is illimitable. 

It is a paradox that men will gladly devote time every 
day for many years to learn a science or an art, yet will 
expect to win a knowledge of the gospel, which com- 
prehends all sciences and arts, through perfunctory 
glances at books or occasional listening to sermons. 
The gospel should be studied more intensively than any 
school or college subject. They who pass opinion on 
the gospel without having given it intimate and careful 
study are not lovers of truth, and their opinions are 

So important is the gospel, the guide to human con- 
duct, that it would be well for every lover of truth to 
set aside fifteen to thirty minutes daily for the study 
of the gospel. Such regular study will in a few years 
yield mastery of gospel principles. 

To secure a testimony, then, study must accompany 
desire and prayer. 

Fourth, the gospel must be woven into the pattern 
of life. It must be tested in practice. The gospel must 
be used in life. That is the ultimate test in the winning 
of a testimony. 

The theoretical acceptance of the law of tithing has 
really no meaning in life. Only when the law is obeyed 
can fair judgment be passed upon it. The Word of 
Wisdom may be discussed pro and con, but obedience 
to it will reveal its true value. The only way to test 
the value of attendance at meetings is to attend meet- 
ings. One must "live the gospel" to learn of its truth. 

Certainly, the experience of others who have con- 
sistently obeyed gospel requirements is of value to the 
seeker after a testimony. Children are wise in accept- 
ing the experiences of their parents. Beginners do 
well to trust those who are seasoned in gospel living. 
But, there comes a time when every person must find 
out for himself, in his own daily life, the value of the 
gospel. A sufficient testimony comes only to him who 
"stands upon his own feet." 

There are those who presume to judge the gospel 
and the testimonies of Church members upon purely 
theoretical grounds. They do not have a strong desire 
for truth, will not pray, nor will they give ample study 
to the system. Least of all will they practice the pre- 
cepts of the gospel. Such judges deserve perhaps more 
pity than ridicule. Their method is without honor in 
the halls of truth. 

A testimony of the truth of the gospel comes, then, 
from: (1) Desire, (2) Prayer, (3) Study, and (4) 

This is really the formula given by Moroni, the 
Nephite prophet: 

And when ye shall receive these things, I would exhort 
you that ye would ask God, the Eternal Father, in the name 
of Christ, if these things are not true; and if ye shall ask 
with a sincere heart, with real intent, having faith in Christ, 
he will manifest the truth of it unto you, by the power of the 
Holy Ghost. 

And by the power of the Holy Ghost ye may know the 
truth of all things (Moroni 10:4, 5). 

Thousands have tried this approach to truth; and 
have found the testimonies they sought. So far, no 
one who with flaming desire, sincere prayer, earnest 
study, and fearless practice, has sought the truth of 
"Mormonism" has failed to find it. Some, for lack of 
courage, though truth stared them in the face, have 
kept it to themselves. But, the approach never fails, 
so declares fearlessly the Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints. — /. A. W. 




Some Pointed Advice from 
Pocatello Stake 

Tn line with recommendations coming 
"* from our regional and general Church 
Authorities our stake presidency and 
high council unanimously passed the 
following recommendations : 

We appeal to all members of the Church 
in the Pocatello Stake, TO GET OUT OF 
DEBT. To assist in getting out of debt 
we suggest the following: make a complete 
survey of family resources; budget income 
and expenditures; work out a plan to retire 
debts in the shortest possible time; cut ex- 
penses to a minimum; turn all possible in- 
come toward the payment of debts and do 
not incur any new debts while paying off 
old ones. 

If we ever hope to be out of debt, we 
should with our whole might take advan- 
tage of the present period of improved 
prices to farmers and steady employment 
at good wages to others, and be willing 
to sacrifice our luxuries and some of the 
things we call necessities. Further we urge 
everyone to keep out of debt for all un- 
necessary or speculative things. 

Those who are contemplating indebted- 
ness seek advice from those you have con- 
fidence in, your local or stake authorities. 

We urge that farmers grow their own 
food, especially what your soil will produce. 
Buy defense bonds and stamps. Cooperate 
with state and federal agricultural agency 

We recommend that farmers develop 
more farm pastures; some lands now not 
utilized may profitably be made into pas- 
tures. Also farm machinery of every kind 
should be repaired and renovated for the 
season's work. We recommend that every- 
one wherever possible grow a garden and 
produce as much of the family living as 
possible, and also produce some extra for 
the Welfare program. 

We kindly ask bishoprics and quorum 
presidents to figure out a way to get this 
message over to your members at an early 

H. W. Henderson, 

Stake President. 

Before You Plant 
A Garden 

pVERY family that has a plot of good 
,L/ soil, with adequate irrigating facil- 
ities and a satisfactory climate can help 
our total food supply by growing a 

But remember, unusual demands are 
being made on our supplies of fertilizer, 
seed, insecticide, and energy. The nation 
cannot afford to have you waste them. 

Therefore, before you start a gar- 
den, be sure your soil is adequate to 
do a good job. And, once you start, be 
sure you have the perseverance to fol- 
low it through. 


Before beginning to garden, con- 
sult the local Defense Council's Gar- 
den Committee, the County Agriculture 
Extension Agents, vocational agricul- 
ture teachers, experienced local gard- 
eners, members of the local Welfare 

You can also get valuable assistance 
from the publications of the U. S. De- 
partment of Agriculture in Washington, 
simply by writing. Available publica- 
tions include: 

1. Victory Gardens, 2. The City 
Home Garden, 3. The Farm Garden, 
4. Diseases and Insects of Garden 
Vegetables, 5. Disease-Resistant Var- 
ieties of Vegetables for the Home 
Garden, 6. Hotbeds and Cold-frames, 
7. The Home Fruit Garden. 

America's Food Crisis 

Lend-lease shipments of food to 
our allies are not responsible for 
United States food shortages. 
Only one-eighth of the food is ear- 
marked for shipment abroad. The big- 
gest factor in our so-called food short- 
age is this: Millions of Americans are 
being properly fed for the first time in 
their lives. Global war has brought the 
United States face to face with a 
leveled-off standard of living. Fighting 
forces get first preference, while work- 
ers enjoy a new standard of eating — 
subject to rationing. To meet the food 
problem, the United States turns to the 
experience of Britain. The farmer has 
been called upon to surpass all-time 
production highs. But ex-President 
Hoover and novelist Louis Bromfield 
warn that unless he receives further 
help, the program cannot succeed. To 
recruit a new Land Army, the Govern- 
ment has instituted a campaign of 
education. . . . 

Cecretary of Agriculture Wickard 
has said food will win the war and 
write the peace. "What food?" asks 
Bromfield, pointing to the fact that ra- 
tioned America today can hardly feed 
her own population. 

"We must have an army of over 
11,000,000 men," say the War and 
Navy departments. 

"We could neither ship such an army 
overseas nor feed it when it got there," 
protests Bromfield. "Farms are clos- 
ing down all over the country because 
the draft boards have taken their skilled 
hands. Farmers can't get fertilizer, farm 
machinery, or even parts to repair what 
they have. Our food supply is disap- 
pearing faster than it is being replaced. 
And the real tragedy is : by the time the 
public finds out this fall it can't get 
food, it will be too late to do anything 
about it." 

Herbert H. Lehman, director of the 

Office of Foreign Relief and Rehabili- 
tation Operations, has said: "The ene- 
my have used and will continue to use 
hunger as a club to complete the en- 
slavement of the people they have al- 
ready subjugated. The policy of 
America and the other United Nations 
is the direct opposite. 

"Under the great human principle of 
helping others to help themselves, we 
must use food and other necessities of 
life as a real weapon to win complete 
and overwhelming victory . . . and to 
secure the peace which must follow." 

— March of Time. 

Payment for Handy Hints used will be 
one dollar upon publication. In the event 
that two with the same idea are submitted, 
the one postmarked earlier will receive the 
dollar. None of the ideas can be returned, 
but each will receive careful consideration. 

A crochet net made of knot stitch or any 
large stitch threaded with elastic to cover 
the goldfish bowl keeps fish in and keeps 
anything from harming them. If colored 
thread is used, it gives a decorative effect 
also. — Mrs. U. H., Hagerman, Idaho. 

To keep berry pies from getting soggy, 
spread bottom crust with soft, not melted, 
butter, and your bottom crust will be crisp. 
Brush top crust with a little cream and 
sugar dissolved, and it will be flaky and 
golden brown. — Mrs. O. /. A., Sacramento, 

In order to stop a run in your silk hose, 
carry a small tube of glue in your purse. 
Apply a little to each end of the run and 
your hose will be saved until you can wash 
out the glue and mend the hose. — E. L. G, 
Salt Lake City. 

When making apple sauce or apple but- 
ter, add a cup of strawberry preserves and 
you will be surprised at the new flavor and 
the beautiful color. (A small can of straw- 
berry Jeli-O Freeze Mix will serve as well 
as the preserves.) — Mrs. /. C. P., Medford, 

To peel hard-boiled eggs easily, crack 
the egg all over, roll between the hands 
to loosen shell, then take it off easily and 
quickly. — Mrs. M. B., Parker, Arizona. 

To restore hard, lumpy brown sugar to its 
original soft quality simply put the bag of 
sugar in your bread box along with the 
bread and leave it over night. Although 
the bag is closed, the sugar becomes soft 
and free from lumps. — Mrs. R. N. J., Swan 
Lake, Idaho. 

If you are allergic to metal — such as 
jewelry and watches — paint the back of the 
jewelry with colorless nail polish. — H. B., 
Holbrook, Arizona. 

To remove wallpaper, brush it with warm 
alum water, using all the alum the water 
will dissolve. Apply with a whitewash 
brush. Let it dry, and the paper will come 
off very readily. — Miss E. N„ Rigby, Idaho. 



(Questions found on page 266) 

1. Eve. Genesis 3:20 

2. Sarah. Genesis 17:16 

3. Rebekah. Genesis 27:6-27 

4. Hannah. I Samuel 2:19 

5. Jerusalem. Galatians 4:26 

6. Deborah. Judges 5:7 

7. Naomi. Orpah departed, Ruth stayed. 
Ruth 1:8-16 

8. The mother of Sisera. Judges 5:28 

9. Elisha multiplied the widow's oil. 
2 Kings 4:4-7 

10. The sins of Jerusalem. Ezekiel 16:44 


By Josephine B. Nichols 

en us and recipes that are high in nu- 
trition and low in points. 


Stewed rhubarb 

Cooked cereal 
French toast 

Top milk 


Navy bean soup 

"90 minute" rolls Butter 

Molded Waldorf salad 

Cookies Milk 


Grapefruit juice 

Savory creamed chicken Mashed potatoes 

Buttered green peas and carrots 

Spring salad 

Whole wheat bread Butter 

Frozen lemon pie 

"90 Minute" Rolls 

2 yeast cakes 

Yx cup lukewarm water 
J4 cup evaporated milk 
% cup hot water 

3 tablespoons shortening 
2 tablespoons sugar 

1 teaspoon salt 

1 egg 
3 J^2 cups enriched flour 

Dissolve yeast in J^ cup lukewarm water. 
Add shortening, sugar, and salt to milk and 
water, stir in 1 cup flour, whip until smooth. 
Add well-dissolved yeast and mix well, add 
beaten egg and mix until smooth. Add flour 
small amounts at a time until no more can be 
stirred in. Remove spoon, and knead dough 
thoroughly, adding just enough flour until 
dough does not stick to hands. Remove 
dough to board, knead thoroughly but light- 
ly until the dough feels satiny and looks 
smooth. Cover with a cloth and let rest on 
board 15 to 20 minutes. Roll out and shape 
into rolls, place on greased baking sheet, 
brush lightly with oil, cover, let rise until 
double in bulk (about 30 to 40 minutes). 
Bake in oven (425° F.) 15 to 20 minutes. 
Makes 2 dozen rolls. 

Molded Waldorf Salad 

1 package lemon flavored gelatin 

1 cup boiling water 

1 cup cold water 

1 cup diced apple 

Y2 cup diced celery 

34 cup broken walnut meats 

{Concluded on page 292) 

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and all-round food value — 
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No matter how you serve them — poached, fried, boiled; 
in salads, cakes, omelets, etc. — you'll like them for their 
uniformly choice quality. 

l *MILK WHITE" EGGS are a product of 
Utah Poultry Producers' Co-operative Association 


TRY THIS RECIPE: 1. Mix I e. cubed 
carrots, 1 c. cubed turnips, 1 c. chopped 
green pepper, I c. chopped canned pimiento 
and 1 medium onion, chopped. Cover with 
boiling water; cook about 20 min. 2. Drain, 
saving 1 c. vegetable water for white sauce. 
3. Add 1 c. flaked canned Salmon,* mixing 
well. Turn into casserole. 4. Pour over a 
white sauce made of 4 tbsp. butter, 4 tbsp. 
GLOBE "Al" ENRICHED FLOUR, 1 c. vege- 
table water, 1 c. milk, 1 tsp. salt and V 4 ts P- 
pepper, TOP WITH PASTRY. 5. Sift and 
measure 1 c. GLOBE "Al" ENRICHED 
FLOUR. (When you use this famous all- 
purpose flour, you know your pastry will 
be a grand success — tender, crisp, and 
flaky.) Add 1/2 tsp. salt. Cut in >/ 3 c. shorten- 
ing coarsely. 6. Add cold water (3 to 4 
tbsp.) until particles hold together. 7. Roll 
to fit top. Cut gashes to allow steam to 
escape. 8. Make cardboard pattern or use 
cookie cutter to cut fish designs from _ re- 
maining dough and place on top, crimp 
edges. 9. Bake in hot oven (450 degrees) 
about 25 minutes. 

"Tuna or cooked fresh fish may be substi- 
tuted for salmon. Vary seasoning to taste. 

A-1 FOR 



See Your Agent 

for TIPS that 


* Avoid heavy crowds and have a better 
trip by traveling in mid-week instead of 
weekends. See your bus agent — in ad- 
vance. Buy tickets early. Travel light 
and be on time — it's a patriotic duty! 

union pacific 




are in good company 
when you read 



Now Going Into 79,000 

12 issues $2.00 

50 North Main Street 
Salt Lake City, Utah 

Cooks' Corner 

{Concluded from page 291) 

Dissolve gelatin in hot water, add cold 
water and chill until slightly thickened. 
Fold in remaining ingredients. Turn into 
individual molds and chill until firm. Un- 
mold on crisp lettuce. Garnish with mayon- 

Savory Creamed Chicken 

2 tablespoons fat 

1 tablespoon chopped onion 
34 cup chopped parsley 
6 tablespoons flour 

3 cups chicken broth 

1 cup evaporated milk 

1 teaspoon salt 

3 cups diced chicken 

In the fat cook the onion for a few min- 
utes. Stir in flour and blend thoroughly. 
Then stir in the broth and milk. Cook the 
sauce until smooth and thickened, add salt, 
parsley, and diced chicken. Heat thor- 
oughly and serve. 

Frozen Lemon Pie 

2 eggs 

Yi cup sugar 

]A, cup lemon juice 

Yi teaspoon grated lemon rind 

1 cup evaporated milk 
Yi cup graham cracker crumbs 

Beat egg yolks in top of double boiler, 
add sugar, lemon juice and grated lemon 
rind. Cook over boiling water until thick- 
ened, about 10 minutes, stirring constantly. 
Remove from heat and cool. Beat egg 
whites until stiff and fold into custard. Chill 
evaporated milk in refrigerator tray, pour 
into large bowl and beat until stiff. Fold 
into custard mixture. Butter refrigerator 
tray, sprinkle with J4 cup cracker crumbs, 
pour in custard mixture, sprinkle remaining 
crumbs on top. Place in freezing unit of 
refrigerator about 4 hours before serving. 

Gathered in Time 

{Continued from page 283) 
ing the car door after her. As she 
went up the short walk, she glanced at 
the well-trimmed lawn, the exactly 
placed shrubs, the correct houses on 
both sides. Mr. Jackson was right. 
This was just the house for a man of 
Todd's earning capacity, only — only 
— ! At the front door she used the 
key Mr. Jackson had given her. She 
went inside. 

She inspected each room carefully, 
opened cupboards, peered into cedar- 
lined closets, even went into the base- 
ment and out into the back yard. 
Nothing escaped her; but she saw not 
one incongruity, one mis-matched de- 
tail. The house might well be called 
"Unprecedented Fulfillment." It just 
did not seem possible that any young 
couple could begin married life in a 
house so complete. Mrs. Connelly must 
have hated leaving it. She had taken 
such good care of it. Now it was to be 
hers, Jean's, if she wanted it. And there 
were only ten days left. Ten days. An 
upsurge of happiness enveloped her. 
Todd was so right, and yet — 

She went to the big front window 




and pulled aside the draperies. The 
city lay sprawled below. As she 
watched, two neon lights switched on. 
Soon now the semi-darkness would 
turn to pin points of light. It was fasci- 
nating to watch. In the valley at home 
the lights were so far apart. 

Suddenly the brick walls, the con- 
crete walks, the electric wires and 
lights faded, and she saw in fancy the 
view from her bedroom window at 
home, hers and Cherry's, her year- 

Their room was on the second floor 
and faced south and west. In the blue 
distance were the Owyhee Mountains 
where lights and shadows played a 
continuous game of tag. Near was 
the grove where, as children, she and 
Cherry had hunted birds' nests, built 
playhouses, and hidden in breathless 
suspense from the younger children. 
Lazy afternoons she had spent in the 
crotch of the old Cottonwood with a 
book and her dreams. To the right of 
the grove was the eternal pasture 
where generations of Old Brindles had 
kicked up their heels and raced in 
bovine well-being. Jean could feel the 
dew on her bare feet, and see the marks 
her shoes made when frost had silvered 
the grass. 

This view, these things she was see- 
ing in her mind's eye were so fixed, 
so permanent. They were the warp 
and woof of her being. They were 
her anchor to which troubled spirits 
might cling, and clinging grow calm 
again. All had been part of her prep- 
aration for the hour that was nearly 
come. The hour when she and Todd 
started building together. The struc- 
ture must be just right. 

r\ long running stride on 
the walk brought her abruptly back to 
the present. She saw a cab pull away 
from the curb. She went quickly to 
the door and released the lock. 

"Uh-huh. Caught you red-handed." 
Immediately she was in Todd's arms. 
The shadow of a doubt passed fleetingly 
over his face. "I had a feeling you 
would be here." 

He paused, obviously waiting. She 
withdrew from his arms. 

"You're funny," and now the doubt 
edged his voice. "Does it always take 
you so long to decide? I don't remem- 
ber your being so uncertain about me; 
or, was I easy?" 

"Silly. I knew at once about you, 
but the house — I — I don't know. Todd, 
would you mind if we looked at an- 
other place?" 

"I shouldn't mind about the house 
particularly, but, look here, Jean," by 
now the laughing lines about his mouth 
had settled a little grimly. "Let's get 
this straight. Are you sure you are 
not using the house as an excuse? I 
know I'm no prize package." 

"Todd." At the very evident pain 
in her voice, his heart leaped to glad- 
ness. It couldn't be that she wanted 
something better. Whatever it was, 
this shadow must be expelled now. 

With one finger he lifted her chin. 
"You know me, Jeanie. 'Whither 
thou goest,' I am the man you prom- 
ised to marry, remember?" 

"As if I could forget; and, darling, 
you must be satisfied. If you want to 

take this Let's sit on the front 

step a few minutes." 

They sat on the top step. A few 
minutes passed but she said nothing. 

"Todd," she asked out of a long 
silence, "what do you remember often- 
est about your home?" 

"Which one, Sweet? There have 
been so many." 

"So many homes?" 

"So many apartments, then. Why?" 

"lam wondering what memories our 
children will have?" 

His quick infectious laughter rang 
out. A couple strolling by looked up 
and smiled in understanding. 

"Every child has memories. Why 
worry about the particular ones ours 
shall have? Isn't that a form of living 
in the past?" 

"That is the point. The past is 
never really past. It is always part of 
the present and the future. What 
memories from your childhood help 
you when you are discouraged or out 
of work, or, just uncertain? Just what 
do you remember when you have never 
ridden on loads of sweet-smelling but 
prickly loads of hay? When you've 
never been pulled out of bed at dawn 
to go to the pasture for cows?" 

"To be truthful, Infant, my most 
vivid remembrance is mother's voice 
saying, 'Hurry, dear. I must catch the 
eight-thirty.' Believe me, there are 
memories — and memories." 

"I know. That is why I must be so 
sure about the house." 

He scratched the back of his head. 
"I don't get it." 

She rose abruptly and went back 
into the house. Todd followed, his 
easy length looming beside her in the 

Ouddenly Jean knew why 
she had been unable to decide about 
the house. There was no dining room. 
She had been seeing and weighing the 
house in terms of the dining room at 
home. No other room held such mem- 
ories for her. The living room had 
been reserved for more formal occa- 
sions; but the dining room had been 
the family sanctuary and proving 
ground. What it could tell of plans 
(Continued on page 294) 






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{Continued from page 293) 
and disappointments; violent argu- 
ments and fierce loyalties. 

And the dining room table. Jean 
could see it with the family seated for 
dinner. Dad at the head, with Jim and 
Burley, the big boys on each side. 
Between Dad and Jim, at the corner, 
the high chair had always stood hold- 
ing the current baby. Larry had been 
the last to use it. Dad had always 
been baby feeder even at haying times. 
Quiet Jim had always pinched-hit when 
Dad was busy or away. Next to loud- 
blustering Burley had once been Kate's 
place, the sister Jean could just remem- 
ber. Dora had it later with Tom be- 
tween her and Mother, at the other 
end. Next to Jim was Cherry's place, 
then Jean's. 

Three times a day in summer and at 
least two in winter all of them had been 
in their places. There they talked and 
kept mum, plotted and exposed, 
praised and blamed. There the day's 
work, or the season's was discussed in 
detail and each given his or her part. 
Closely knit, one in ideals and loyalties, 
yet ten distinct entities. How that table 
had welded them together. 

It was around the dining room table 
that Burley had taught her to dance. 
At the dining room table Jim had helped 
her with arithmetic and later algebra. 
At the same table Dora had taught her 
to "do" her nails. There was still a 
mark on it where Larry had overturned 
the polish. Kneeling before that table 
she had learned to pray. 

Todd waited while the dusk of the 
room deepened and Jean basked in 
richness of feeling, in a kinship with 
brothers and sisters. He sensed it but 
was no part of it. 

The dining room had given some- 
thing that was inextricably a part of 
what she was and would be. Could a 
breakfast nook do as much for her 

"No, no," she cried aloud sharply. 
"I don't want it. I don't know why. I 
don't want it." 

Without a word Todd took her arm, 
and they went out, locking the door 
after them. In silence, he opened the 
car door for her and then went around 
and slid in behind the wheel. 

"Where to?" he asked and his voice 
was tight and hard. 

"If you don't mind, I should like to 
go this way." She gave directions and 
after awhile they were before the oldish 
house she had watched earlier in the 
evening. They parked back where 
they could see without being seen. 

"Would you mind," he asked at 
length, "telling me what this is all 
about? And what about this down-at- 
the-heel place?" 

Because words always came hard to 
her, she was slow to reply. 

"This place reminds me, just a little, 
of home. The big yard, the tree with 
the swing. You can't see it now, but it 

is in the back. See the dining room 
window where the light is shining?" 

"What does that have to do with 
buying the other house? You would- 
n't want a place like this." At the un- 
intentional note of scorn in his voice 
she stiffened. 

"Please. Don't draw away." His 
arm that was about her tightened. "Can 
you tell me what is troubling you?" 

"I — I don't know," she half- 
whispered. "I only know I must be 
sure. The world is so full of confu- 
sion. How can we make home secure 
for our children unless we have the 
right kind of a house?" 

"Home is where the heart is," he 

"But that is the point. There must 
be a heart to the home. There isn't 
any to the Connelly house." Then, as 
coherently as she could, she told him 
about the dining room at home; how its 
strength had held her in times of un- 
certainty; how its prayers had weak- 
ened temptation. She must have that 
for her children. Children could not 
always be home, so home must follow 


s he listened, the hard 
lump of uncertainty within Todd be- 
gan to relax. He understood, partly, 
her talk of memories. It had been his 
memory of apartments and moving that 
had made the Connelly house so ap- 
pealing to him. He understood, too, 
for the first time, whence came that 
something special about her, that rich- 
ness of belonging he had loved from 
the beginning. 

Yet pride and love were confused in 
him. Into her richness of experience 
he could never more than merely enter. 
Where did he fit in? Or did he? Grant- 
ing she was what she was because of 
her background, her memories, was the 
house so important? Or was it the 
family? What a heart she would make 
for any house. Hey. Wait a minute. 
He believed he had something. 

"Listen, Sweet," he said, "in any 
other house would your family have 
been the same?" 

She turned quickly to face him. By 
the light from the street lamp he could 
see the startled look in her eyes. His 
own assurance grew. For a moment she 
faced him. 

"I see what you mean. Yes. I — I 
think so. I am sure of it." 

;;wh y ?" 

"Why? Why, because — I just think 
we would have been. It is hard to 
imagine us any other way." 

"Isn't it because the builders, your 
parents, would have built similarly 
wherever they had lived?" 

"But the house was such a part of 
us. It was — is important." 

"Yes, but only to shelter that intang- 
ible thing that is built by the spirit. 
Your parents built a house that would 


cover the needs of the home they were 
creating. Isn't that it?" 

Yes. Yes. That was it. Modern 
houses were built for modern families, 
not for the oversize, romping, mind-of- 
its-own family of which she had been 
a part. Wait. Todd's eyes were 
meaning something more. There had 
not always been a dining room. For 
some years after moving on the farm, 
there had been but three small rooms. 
The house served only as a means for 
the fulfillment of the parents, what 
they were and what they wanted to 
be. The house was the home material- 

At that moment the front screen of 
the brick house burst open and a girl, 
seventeen, perhaps eighteen, flung her- 
self out toward the street. Her 
sweater was too tight; her skirt too 
short; her heels too high. Even in the 
dusk one sensed her make-up was too 
garish. As she came out, a high shrill 
voice followed her. 

"Oh, for Pete's sake," she flung 
back. "I'll come home when I get 
good and ready, and you might as well 
save your breath. Who'd want to 
come back to this lousy place?" 

She had to run to catch the bus at 
the corner. When the confusion had 
passed and the cool night air had be- 

come sweet again, Jean expelled her 
breath in a huge sigh of relief. The 
little act had told so very eloquently 
what he had tried to say. 

"Let's go," she said in a small 

They were nearly back to town when 
her reserve broke in a rush of words 
that tumbled over each other in her 
eagerness to get them said. 

"I think it was the newness, the 
completeness of the house that puzzled 
me. It was too perfect to be real. It 
left nothing to go on to. I felt the 
security of my own home and short- 
sightedly looked for a parallel. Of 
course it was not the house. Am I 
making sense?" 

"More than you know. It was the 
going-on-to that I had overlooked. I 
was forgetting the home comes first. 
No house can be a home if it is pur- 
chased by overreaching financially. So 
we are not buying the Connelly house." 

"Oh, Todd." 

She grasped his arm with both 
hands. In her touch was everything 
she had been trying to understand and 
could not say. The last vestige of mis- 
understanding was gone. Wherever 
they went now, whatever they bought 
would be all right, for their foundation 
was sure. 


(Concluded from page 284) 



{Adelle Davis. The Macmillan Co., New 

York. 1942. 536 pages. $2.20.) 

IT is now understood, as never before, that 
to be well one must have an adequate 
diet; and to have an adequate diet one must 
understand the body and how it may be 
fed for complete and joyous well-being. The 
author in her preface states that her book 
is an attempt to fulfil the dream of the late 
Dr. Mary Swartz Rose, professor of nu- 
trition at Teacher's College, Columbia Uni- 
versity — which is also the dream of every- 
one else who understands the role of nutri- 
tion in human welfare — that every boy and 
girl in the land should be taught how to 
feed the most important machine on earth — 
his own body. Indeed this training should 
be fundamental in the education of every 
child, for without health, all life experiences 
and achievement seem of little value. 

Therefore, the book is written with the 
high school student boy and girl in mind, 
though it is equally instructive to parents 
and to all who would be well. At the end 
of each chapter is a list of "Projects" and 
many interesting "Topics for Discussion." 
It is plain that the hope is for each student 
to apply in his daily life all the valuable 
truths taught in the book. 

It is to be hoped that school authorities 
will see the value of such training and that 
the time is near when children may learn 
the underlying laws of good nutrition as 
well as of "Readin', 'Ritin', and 'Rithmetic." 
This book, if its truths are practiced, will 
prove a priceless possession for every boy 
and girl in the land, and for parents as 
well.— L. D. W. 


(Lee Wulff. A. S. Barnes and Company, 

New York. 1942. $2.50.) 

PHOTOGRAPHY is such a popular hobby 
with many that it should be done as 
well as possible. Here's help for picture- 
taking on the family's activities and vaca- 

Helpful materials are included on flash 
bulbs, darkroom techniques, color photo- 

Any photographer, expert or amateur, 
will enjoy the book and its illustrations. — 
Leona Holbtook, professor of physical edu- 
cation for women, B.Y.U. 

(Angelo Patri. Doubleday, Doran and 
Co., New York. 1943. 115 pages. $1.50.) 

Probably no person today has been more 
concerned with the welfare and happi- 
ness of children than Angelo Patri, whose 
almost daily articles, syndicated throughout 
the United States, have done much to in- 
crease an understanding and affection be- 
tween parents and children. In this, his 
latest book, he approaches a problem that 
is uppermost in the minds of thinking men 
and women all over the world. 

Mr. Patri divides the book into three 
sections: For Parents, For Teachers, and 
For Children. Each section is full of prac- 
tical wisdom and sane advice that makes 
the book invaluable. Parents whose daugh- 
ters right now seem to be having a difficult 
adjustment to make will be wise to hand 
the girls the book to read. They will listen 
to Mr. Patri and follow his advice, where 
they might feel that their parents were too 
emotionally concerned. — M. C. /. 



From My Table to Yours! 

• Vitamin Punch: Mix 

one pint of Tea Garden 
Pure Concord Grape Juice 
with the juice of 2 lemons 
and 2 oranges. Add the 
grated rind of one orange, 
and sugar if you like it. Serve iced. Tea 
Garden Maraschino Cherries add color 
and flavor. 


Chicken Shortcake 

Fresh Vegetable Salad Bowl 

Hot Biscuits Tea Garden Currant Jelly 

Lemon Ice Chocolate Cookies 

Tea Garden Grape Juice 

• Raspberry Tartlets: Roll plain 
pastry Vs inch thick; cut in 3-inch 
squares. Put a spoonful of Tea Garden 
Raspberry Preserves on half of each 
pastry square. Fold over to form a tri- 
angle, press edges together with a fork, 
and prick top. Bake at 450° F. about 15 

8 day wonder: Some people can make 
Maraschino cherries in a few hours but 
it takes eight days of slow simmering to 
make Tea Garden Maraschino Cherries. 
No wonder they're different. 

• Easy Dessert: Serve Tea Garden 
Preserves with cream cheese and toasted 

salty crackers. 

• Pastel Float: Beat about 2 table- 
spoons Tea Garden Strawberry, Black 
Raspberry or Apricot-Pineapple Pre- 
serves and a dash of salt with one cup 
milk. Place a scoop of vanilla ice cream 
in a tall glass, pour the milk-mixture 
over it, and stir. Serve with a sprinkling 
of nutmeg. 

Serving Chicken? Add Tea Garden 
Sweet Pickled Watermelon for that 
extra touch in meal perfection. 

"Entertaining without a Maid" is easier 
with the Tea Garden booklet of that 
name. You may have a copy on request. 


Beat 4 egg whites until stiff ; gradually 
beat in 3 tablespoons sugar and a pinch 
of salt; fold in 3 rounded tablespoons 
Tea Garden Orange Marmalade. Grease 
top part of large double boiler ; pour in 
pudding mixture; cover and cook over 
boiling water 1 hour. Turn out onto 
platter and serve with the following 
sauce: Beat 4 egg yolks with % cup 
sugar until thick ; stir in 2 tablespoons 
Tea Garden Orange Marmalade and 2 
or 3 tablespoons cream. Serves 6. 





• T 




Tn making reports of quorum activities 
to the Stake and General Melchize- 
dek Priesthood Committees, care 
should be taken to include the activi- 
ties of all of the quorum ward groups. 

(pSLMdmoL (jt)sd$CUtSL 

Tt will be worth while to follow up in 

meeting the action being taken to 
produce the quorum's welfare budget as- 
signment for 1943 and to review what is 
being done to produce sufficient food 
to assure an adequate supply for the 
quorum members themselves. These 
two items were the subjects discussed in 
this column last month. 

Plans should now be made to care for 
the food when it is produced. Whether 
the food is to be placed in root cellars, 
dried or dehydrated, bottled or canned, 
or preserved in some other way should 
be determined and the necessary equip- 
ment secured. 

The activities for which the Personal 

Welfare committee is responsible were 

set out in this column in the November 

1942 Era, page 730. The first paragraph 

was as follows: 

Labor with quorum members to induce 
them to be prayerful, full tithe payees, ob- 
servers of the Word of Wisdom, observers 
of the Sabbath day, and observers of the law 
of the fast. (Italics added.) 

During the month of May, the sub- 
ject for ward teaching will be tithing. It 
is suggested that in each quorum there 
be undertaken a project to teach the 
principle of tithing and to encourage 
each quorum member to observe this 
law of inheritance in Zion. 

Qjwuwl Qui}. 

Is it proper to invite non-members 
of the Church to attend the 
quorum meetings? 
XJo, they should not attend such meet- 
■ ' ings. (Priesthood and Church 
Government, pp. 155-6). However, 
non-members are welcome at Sunday 
School, sacrament meeting, Relief So- 
ciety, M.I. A. meetings, or quarterly 

QkiMu SnsJjujudtwfL 

TJTeretofore we have in this column 
• suggested that the chairman of the 
Class Instruction committee provide the 
class with outside reference material. 
This may include articles from reput- 
able magazines, the daily press, bulle- 
tins, etc. These should be of such a 
nature that will stimulate the study of 
the principles of the gospel, of the ac- 
complishments of the Church, its posi- 
tion with reference to modern social 


tendencies, etc. There is much avail- 
able material and the chairman of the 
committee should be on the alert for it. 

In this connection may we call atten- 
tion to the editorials which appeared in 
the March Improvement Era and recom- 
mend that they be read and discussed 
in the class. These editorials cover very 
vital subjects and are well adapted for 
discussion and unusually stimulating. 

The Improvement Era has the largest 
circulation ever in its history — over 
79,000 — and a Class Instruction com- 
mittee can do no better than to stimu- 
late its reading. From its editorial 
pages we may learn of the position of 
the Church with reference to doctrine 
and the stand to be taken by its mem- 
bers on the momentous problems of the 

HPhe card file containing the individu- 
al record of quorum members can 
be used to advantage by the Church 
Service committee. Each card reveals, 
among other things, the quorum mem- 
ber's preference of Church activity, his 
present activity, his general attitude to- 
wards Church work, his capabilities for 
Church service, his talents, etc. A 
careful study of a member's qualifica- 
tions will insure better service and 
more activity. The committee on 
Church Service is in a position to con- 
sult with the committee on Personal 
Welfare to discover those who are 
qualified and worthy to serve. 

The ability and fitness of quorum 
members to magnify their callings in 
the Priesthood should be known to the 
officers at all times. The card file, when 
properly kept, will supply such infor- 
mation and simplify the matter of mak- 
ing investigations and classifying the 
quorum members for service. 

Ward teaching is an excellent faith- 
developing form of Church service. 

"D ather than set aside a great amount 
of time for recreation alone, it will 
conserve valuable hours if social activ- 
ities are planned in conjunction with 
spring and summer work projects. In 
other words, make your work groups 
happy by a little thoughtful planning. 
Perhaps some form of entertainment 
may be carried on while people are at 
work on their project. In other cases a 
short social could be fostered immedi- 
ately following a work period. If the 
group is too weary for physically ac- 
tive games then arrange an hour of 
music appreciation using either record- 
ings or local talent. Have someone pre- 
pared to explain the music, giving the 
background of the composer, his idea, 

and the development of the theme. 
This type of educational activity may 
be carried on with indoor groups while 
they are working with their hands, thus 
getting double value from their time. 

Melchizedek Priesthood Outline 
of Study, June, 1943 

Text: Teachings of the Prophet 
Joseph Smith 


The Mission and Authority of Adam 
( Continued) 

3. Adam and the gospel 

a. The gospel declared unto Adam 
and Eve (D. & C. 29:42) 

(1) By the voice of God, angels 
of God, and by the gift of the 
Holy Ghost (168; Moses 5:6- 
8, 58-59; 6:50-63) 

(2) Adam baptized and the Spirit 
of God descended upon him, 
and thus he was born of the 
Spirit (Moses 6:64-68) 

b. The Priesthood given to Adam and 
his faithful descendants 

4. The ancient of days 

a. Daniel speaks of the ancient of 
days; he means the oldest man, our 
father, Adam, Michael (157) 

(1) Michael, or Adam, the father 
of all, the prince of all, the 
ancient of days (D. & C. 27: 


(2) Adam-ondi-Ahman, the place 
where Adam shall come to vis- 
it his people, or the ancient 
of days shall sit, as spoken of 
by Daniel the Prophet (122; 
D. & C. 116; Daniel 7:9-10, 

b. Adam is the father of the human 
family, and presides over the spirits 
of all men (157) 

c. He will call his children together 
and hold a council with them to 
prepare them for the coming of the 
Son of Man (157) 

d. The Son of Man stands before him, 
and there is given him glory and 
dominion (157, 159) 

(1) Adam delivers up his steward- 
ship to Christ as holding the 
keys of the universe 

(2) Retains his standing as head 
of the human family 

Discuss : 

1 . What is meant by the saying that Adam 
holds the presidency of all dispensations? 


The Mission and Authority of Adam 

5. Michael, the prince of all 

a. Adam given the first presidency in 
the creation, before the world was 
formed (157) 

b. The champion of the righteous 

c. A prince over his posterity forever 
(D. & C. 107:54-55) 

d. The seventh angel to sound his 
trump (D. & C. 88:106, 110) 


e. Leader of the hosts of heaven in the 
last great and final battle (verses 

f. Before the earth passes away, 
Michael to sound his trump, and all 
the dead to awake and come forth 
to final judgment (D. & C. 29:26- 

(1) Michael, the seventh angel, 
even the archangel, shall gath- 
er together his armies, even 
the hosts of heaven 
■ (2) The devil shall gather the 
hosts of hell 
(3) The battle of the great God- 
final defeat of Satan and his 

1. Under whose direction does Adam op- 
erate in all things? 

2. Explain: "I have set thee to be at 
the head; a multitude of nations shall come 
of thee, and thou art a prince over them 
forever." (D. & C. 107:55) 

Divine Law Governing the Universe 

Read Teachings of the Prophet Joseph 
Smith, pp. 55-56, 181, 197-198, 291, 301- 
302, 325, 345, 347-348, 350-352, 372-373; 
D. & C. 63:21; 76:23-24; 77:1; 88:18-20, 
25-26, 36-47; 93:35; 121:28-32; 130:7-11; 
Moses 1:4, 29, 33-39; Abr. 3:1-9, 13, 16-17. 

1. Eternal duration of matter (301-302) 

a. No such thing as immaterial matter 

b. Create means to organize chaotic 
elements already existing (350-352; 

c. The elements are eternal, and spirit 
and elements inseparably connected 
receive a fulness of joy (D. & C. 

2. The earth to abide a celestial law (D. & 
C. 88:18-20; 25-26; 63:21; 77:1; 130: 


a. It filleth the measure of its creation, 
and transgresseth not the law 

( 1 ) It shall die, it shall be quickened 
again and become immortal 

(2) It shall be sanctified and be- 
come a celestial kingdom 

b. To become like unto a crystal, a 
Urim and Thummim to inhabitants 

3. Unto every kingdom a law given 

a. Moses shown the limitless work- 
manship of the Lord's hands (Moses 
1:4, 29, 33-39) 

b. Abraham discerns the stars by the 
Urim and Thummim (Abr. 3:1-9, 
13, 16-17) 

c. The reckoning of God's time, angel's 
time, prophet's time and man's time 
according to the planet on which 
they reside (D.6C 130:4) 

d. All kingdoms have a law given un- 
to them (D. & C. 88:36-38; 55) 

Discuss : 

1. Substantiate the truth of the statement 
that "The heavens declare the glory of 

2. What constitutes the glory ol God? 


A reader in the navy wants an an- 
swer to his letter of March 17, 1943. 
If he will send his name and address to 
Dr. Joseph F. Merrill, 47 East South 
Temple, Salt Lake City, we'll gladly 
send him printed leaflets, giving full 
reply to his questions. 

Alarm-Call to Arms 

{Concluded from page 276) 
crowd the newspaper and magazine 
press of the country with lavish adver- 
tising, aimed at selling more liquor to 
more people, particularly women and 

Attention is then called to the fact 
that "for the duration" the Canadian 
Government has prohibited advertising 
whisky, wines, beer — -any kind of al- 
coholic beverage, thus setting a sane 
example that the United States should 

The Foundation's Bulletin next 
points out that liquor is a menace to 
manpower and is responsible for a 
large part of the absenteeism so preva- 
lent in defense industries. Chairman 
McNutt of the Manpower Commission 
is quoted as saying that "in industry 
alone prevention of needless illness 
would salvage at least 80,000,000 days 
of lost manpower a year." What part 
liquor plays in this needless illness and 
absenteeism ( a very serious problem in 
America) is not definitely known. But 
all observers know that it is a very im- 
portant part — one that the powers- 
that-be are fearful may give rise, 
among other things, to demands for na- 
tional prohibition at least "for the 

The public knows that drinking is on 
the increase. In the town of Tooele, 
Utah, 235 drunks were jailed during 
January and February, 1943. (How- 
ever, it was reported that not one of the 
235 was a member of the Tooele Stake. ) 
"Monday morning thirty-one prisoners, 
an all-time record crowd, filled the 
Tooele city jail, with practically every 
prisoner there for drunkenness," The 
Transcript-Bulletin said. 

We ask again, "What can we do to 
help the situation?" 

There are several things we can do. 
Among them are: (a) Carry on our 
educational no-liquor-tobacco cam- 
paign more actively and vigorously 
than ever among our quorums, organ- 
izations, and groups. Helpful free lit- 
erature is available, (b) Employ the 
"personal contact method" with all 
users, (c) Create a sentiment for the 
observance of all anti-narcotic laws. 
Appoint committees in the stakes and 
wards to carry on this phase of the 
campaign, as is done in Salt Lake 
County, (d) Back up law enforcement 
officers, (e) Urge law-making officers 
to support helpful legislation, (f ) Urge 
the making of restrictive regulations by 
those empowered to make them, (g) 
Encourage everyone to set a good ex- 

Three typical scenes of 1942 Idaho Priesthood 
projects which will be repeated again this season. 

(Top) Nampa Stake seventies and elders stop 
for a picture during work on their nine and a half 
acre beet field. The yield was 134 tons. Jack P. 
Liechty of Nampa Second Ward was in charge. 

(Center) The Melchizedek quorums of the Elba 
Ward, Raft River Stake, produced this choice beef 
for the regional warehouse at Burley, Idaho. Left 
to right in the picture are Bishop J. Edward 
Rasmussen, Art M. Ward, and E. A. Ottley. 

(Bottom) The sixth quorum of elders (Lanark 
and Ovid wards) of Bear Lake Stake really mean 
business when they line up 2 tractors and S teams 
for their wheat field. David G. Parker, quorum 
president, began the purchase of forty acres of 
land last year and the quorum had it paid for by 
October 10. Counselors for the sixth quorum are 
Irwin Parker and Russell Sorenson. 




(Conducted from page 287) 
New Ward Created 
"pMERSON Ward, now to be known as 
J-/ the Mission Park Ward, of the 
Pasadena Stake was organized recently 
by a division of the Rosemead Ward. 
William R. Hawkes was sustained as 

Creation of the Park Avenue and 
Imperial wards, Highland Stake, was 
effected April 4. 

The Park Avenue Ward, with L. 
Van Wagenen as bishop, was formed 
by a division of the Stratford Ward. 
^ The Imperial Ward, with Perry D. 
Goodliffe as bishop, was founded from 
parts of the Highland Park and Strat- 
ford wards. 

Branches Formed 

Bloomfield Branch, Young Stake, 
formerly dependent upon Farmington 
Ward, has been organized with Elmer 
McDaniel as presiding elder. 

Port Orchard Branch, Seattle Stake, 
has been organized with M. M. Stokes 
as presiding elder. 

Reseda Branch, San Fernando Stake, 
formerly dependent upon the Van 
Nuys Ward, was created recently with 
Wallace E. Lund as presiding elder. 

"Music Hath Charm" 

Just how much music aids group mor- 
ale has again been demonstrated by 
D. Sterling Wheelwright, director of 
music at the Washington, D. C, chap- 
el. In the middle of a concert when the 
sirens sounded for a practice blackout, 
he played the remaining selections 
from memory. Meanwhile two buses 
had been stopped nearby, and the pas- 
sengers and other persons gradually 
came into the chapel, attracted by the 
music. At the end of the recital Elder 
Wheelwright directed the group in 
community singing. 

Church Makes 
Red Cross Donation 

r To the War Campaign Fund of the 
American Red Cross the Church in 
March made an official contribution of 
five thousand dollars. This does not in- 
clude the donations of individual mem- 

President J. Reuben Clark, Jr., was 
this year appointed a member of the 
National War Fund Committee, 
which includes such prominent names 
as Bernard F. Baruch, Edsel B. Ford, 
Mrs. Dwight W. Morrow, William 
Allen White, Philip Murray. 

Chapel Dedications 

'T'he chapel of the Holbrook Ward, 
Snowflake Stake, was dedicated 
February 21, by Presiding Bishop 
LeGrand Richards. 

The chapel of the Bountiful Third 
Ward, South Davis Stake, was dedi- 
cated February 28, by President J. 
Reuben Clark, Jr. 

The Vermillion Ward chapel of the 
North Sevier Stake was dedicated Feb- 
ruary 6, by Elder Thomas E. McKay, 
assistant to the Council of the Twelve. 

The meeting hall of the Church in 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, was dedicated 
January 31, by President G. A. Iverson 
of the Eastern States Mission. 


KTTargaret Price, born [not given], 
excommunicated June 1942, in the 
Helper Ward, Carbon Stake. 

Gladys Arlena Burns Beck, born Feb- 
ruary 5, 1899, excommunicated Febru- 
ary 23, 1943, in the Oakland Ward, 
Oakland Stake. 

John Jongkindt, (seventy), born Jan- 
uary 10, 1896, at Papendricht, Nether- 
lands, excommunicated March, 1943, 
in the Centinela Ward, Inglewood 


At Luke Field, single engine training center, since last October, these boys maintain an active association, 
meeting each Wednesday evening, and providing the program at various wards Sunday evenings. 

First row, left to right: Chaplain Sprague, Clyde M. Lunneford, John E. Janke, Vaughn K. Lauritzen, 
James B. Manwaring, Harold Y. Anderson, Werner L. Verhaaren. 

Second row: Vee L. Taylor, V. C. Later, Frank D. Roberts, Bob L. Roberts, Leo H. Richens, John L. 
Neilson, Robert D. Shurtliff, Dean L. Zenger. 

Third row: Byron H. West, John D. Spuler, Karl R. Preece, Lorin R. Burningham, Dewaine Buck, Max 
E. Smith, Oriel Tracy. 

Fourth row: Vernon L. Blamires, Merlin R. Miskin, Ernest R. Oliphant, Darrell H. Waters, 0. Woodrow 
Parsons, Ned Miles, Robert L. Matson, Melvin A. Larkin. 

Fifth row: Dean W. Crowther, Leonard D. Sylvester, Donald H. Tolman, Bill Naylor, Harley R. Moulton, 
Russell C. Christensen, Lawrence D. Dansie. 

Sixth row: Gale Moon, T. Quentin Beatty, Thomas F. Larkin, Keith D. Bringhurst, Jay L. Love, Fay W. 
Bryner, Ralph T. Cannon. 

Seventh row: Grant L. Probst, Joseph R. Smith, J. R. Anderson, Lendell S. Perry. 

— Submitted by Milton L Ollerton 


Thomas William Collings, (elder), 
born April 27, 1 887, excommunicated 
March 8, 1943, in Pleasant Green 
Ward, Oquirrh Stake. 

Stakes Receive 
New Presidencies 

President Victor D. Nelson and 
Counselors Ira W. Boyer, Sr., and 
J. Doyle Jensen, have been released 
from the presidency of the Lost River 
Stake. Elder Jensen was sustained as 
the new president, with Mark K. King 
and Jenness W. Andersen as coun- 

Bishops, Presiding 
Elders Sustained 

Cardston Second Ward, Alberta Stake, 
Lloyd D. Cahoon succeeds Lyman Ras- 

South Cottonwood Ward, Big Cotton- 
wood Stake, Marlow Leslie Crabtree suc- 
ceeds R. Stanley Johns. 

Byron Ward, Big Horn Stake, Walter 
G. Stevens succeeds Maurice W. Jensen. 

Oakley Third Ward, Cassia Stake, Thur- 
man Burch succeeds Louis R. Critchfleld. 

Wandamere Ward, Grant Stake, Marion 
Thirl Marsh succeeds George Ford Fair- 

^ Idaho Falls Fifth Ward, Idaho Falls 
Stake, David William Cook succeeds Wil- 
liam Grant Ovard. 

Mackay Ward, Lost River Stake, Law- 
rence R. Halversen succeeds Andrew C. 

Fillmore Second Ward, Millard Stake, 
James Edward Peterson succeeds Henry E. 

Kanosh Ward, Millard Stake, Mark C. 
Black succeeds Lloyd F. Rogers. 

Scipio Ward, Millard Stake, Waldo G. 
Robins succeeds Vincent A. Hansen. 

Logandale Ward, Moapa Stake, Lester 
E. Mills succeeds John L. Lewis. 

Wardboro Ward, Montpelier Stake, Par- 
ley O. Buehler succeeds John A. Berrey. 

Nampa First Ward, Nampa Stake, Clive 
S. Walker succeeds Chauncey W. Love- 

Dayton Ward, Oneida Stake, Veril David 
Smart succeeds Godfrey Schwartz. 

Pocatello Seventh Ward, Pocatello Stake, 
Arden Delos Hale succeeds Samuel A. Dunn. 

Lewisville Ward, Rigby Stake, Carl G. 
Agren succeeds A. Vernon Ball. 

Grant Ward, Rigby Stake, Newel Hy- 
mas succeeds George Christensen. 

Annis Ward, Rigby Stake, Victor Hall 
succeeds James Baron. 

Ririe Ward, Rigby Stake, Edwin R. Har- 
ris succeeds James E. Ririe. 

Santa Clara Ward, St. George Stake, 
Edward Rudolf Frei, Jr., succeeds J. Henry 

Amalga Ward, Smithfield Stake, Ariel 
M. Jorgenson succeeds George S. Noble. 

Holbrook Ward, Snowflake Stake, Brig- 
ham Jackson Sanders succeeds Wallace Ells- 

Firestone Park Ward, South Los Angeles 
Stake, J. Evard Welch succeeds Wilford A. 

Joseph Ward, South Sevier Stake, Grant 
Harvey Morrey succeeds Philip H. Shipp. 

Filer Branch, Twin Falls Stake, Wilbert 
Fife succeeds Heber L. Hansen. 

Fairview Ward, Washington Stake, 
Harvey G. Stoops succeeds John Nielsen. 

Wffff/I/H PMSIHffBff — 




JUNE, 1943 

Chapter VI. "Spotting" Potential Leaders 

Quotations from the Text: 

1 . Don't go back on the boy who follows! 
He is that useful soldier, the daring 
private in the campaigns against com- 
munity sin. 

2. Teachers must be patient with boys 
who will one day lead! Do not make 
the mistake, as I did, that they are all 
important. Do not lose your temper 
at them because they are erratic, fond 
of their own ways of doing and saying 

3. Your leader, you discover on the high 
seas of Youth, will be perforce a boy 
of sometimes unlimited confidence. 
That boy is so often passed by and 
dismissed as being "too cocky." But 
if he has too great leaning toward con- 
ceit, that is the very place that you 
come in! As he goes pell-mell into 
jobs that frightened the timid followers, 
you'll be mighty glad that he had some 
self-assurance, won't you? Well, then 
accept the matter calmly and without 
any flash of spoken or shielded and 
restrained anger. And tactfully, 
prayerfully, gradually rebuild that boy 
for better service! 

4. Who is going to war on War? In- 
telligent and thinking youth! Who is 
going to fight to bring back an America 
freed from the clutches of the . . . 
peril of this day, liquor? Intelligent, 
outspoken, dynamic and youthful lead- 
ers in the church. 

Who is going to re-make narrow 
and selfish communities and demand 
enough playgrounds and sane and safe 
amusements of all types, and bring in 
hospitals and care for the needy? 

5. This is a challenge to all teachers and 
church leaders to go on a holy quest 
— to explore and find in our own num- 
bers and in the untouched boys who 
have no religious life the germ of 
leadership. This will all be seen by 
our King, who notes those of us who 
try to use our minds and hearts for 

Helps for the Class Leader: 

1. Discuss the following characteristics 
in potential boy leaders, and suggest 
methods for their control and proper 

a. Egoism 

b. Self-confidence 

c. Sympathy 

d. Humility 

Ask the class to make as many ad- 
ditions to the above list as possible. 

2. Discourage any effort to "break down 
his morale" as a means of discipline. 
This procedure is ruinous. 

3. Avoid being interested only in poten- 
tial leaders. All class members should 
receive careful, thoughtful attention. 


Thirty-seventh instalment in a 
series of articles written by the late 
Orson F. Whitney of the Council 
of the Twelve. Published original- 
ly in "The Contributor." 

"Counselor R. T. Burton reminded 
^ the bishops to send in their reports 
of local receipts and disbursements, to- 
gether with a statement of the amounts 
they needed from the general office to 
make up the deficit for the support of 
their poor. It was the design to let each 
bishop henceforth have the disbursing 
of funds drawn from the general office 
for the relief of the poor in his ward, 
and take this labor off the Presiding 
Bishopric; therefore, a report of what 
would be needed, say in the next six 
months, as based upon the amount ob- 
tained from the general office during the 
past half year, was required of each 
bishop, together with a brief report of 
ward receipts and disbursements, such 
as in fast meetings and Relief Societies. 
"President A. M. Cannon felt to wel- 
come Bishop Preston to the position 
he had been called to. He had loved 
Bishop Edward Hunter as a father, and 
he was glad that so good and able a 
man had been appointed to succeed him. 
He testified that it was the Lord's will; 
even before it was generally known 
who would be the Presiding Bishop, he 
had been impressed by the Spirit that 
Brother Preston was the man. He 
dwelt upon the necessity of self-sub- 
jection, of honoring all men in their 
proper places, and of the creation of 
labor for the poor, of home manu- 
factures, and union and faithfulness 
among God's people in promoting 
Zion's interests. Many other good 
things, which limited space precludes, 
were said, and the meeting was ad- 
journed sine die. Benediction was pro- 
nounced by President Joseph E. Tay- 

{Continued on page 300) 

Ray Barnes, a 
teacher in the Wa- 
satch Ward, High- 
land Stake, has a 
100% attendance 
record at quorum 
meeting for over 
three years. Ray is 
now sixteen, and since 
ordained a deacon at 
twelve, has missed 
only three Priesthood 
meetings; has 
achieved special indi- 
vidual recognition; 
and been a member 
of a quorum earning 
the Standard Quorum 
Award each of the 
four years. He is 
the son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Ralph A. 



For sixteen years B. A. Rasmussen has served as an 
Aaronic Priesthood quorum adviser in the Midvale Second 
Ward, East Jordan Stake. During this long period 
Brother Rasmussen established a record of 98.69% 
attendance at Priesthood meeting. It is believed that 
this is one of the outstanding records of faithfulness 
in Aaronic Priesthood work in the Church. Certainly 
it is a splendid example of consistent devotion to the 
work of the Lord. 

During the sixteen-year period, Brother Rasmussen 
also served as a counselor to former Bishop Henry 



According to a report from Bishop Joseph Wright, 
Hyrum First Ward, Hyrum Stake, these two young men, 
brothers, are setting a good example as deacons. 

LaMar is president of the quorum, and during 1942 
missed oniy one Priesthood meeting and filled 118 
assignments. Dean had a 100% attendance record at 
quorum meeting, filled 153 assignments, and served 
as organist for ward Priesthood meeting. Both are full 
tithe payers and are exceptionally faithful in attending 
sacrament meeting and Sunday School. 


mm mm 


Tt is the responsibility of the ward 
teacher to watch over the members 
of the Church residing in the district 
assigned to him. He represents the 
bishop in this assignment, and should 
manifest a personal interest in his as- 
signed families much in the same sense 
that the bishop has an interest in each 
member of his ward. 

It is quite impossible for the bishop 
of an average-size ward to maintain 
always the degree of contact with his 
members which is so necessary to their 
spiritual and temporal welfare. Of 
necessity, therefore he looks to the 
ward teacher to assist him in this work. 
Obviously, there is no other officer in 
his ward to whom he can consistently 
look for the discharge of this respon- 

To "watch over" his assigned fami- 
lies suggests that the teacher have a 
very real interest in their spiritual and 
temporal welfare. It is far from suffici- 
ent that he consider his work finished 
with the completion of the monthly visit. 

The teacher should maintain that 
measure of contact which will disclose 
any temporal need, such as clothing, 
food, shelter, fuel, etc. If his members 
are engaged in an undesirable business, 
one which conflicts with the standards 
of the Church, the ward teacher should 
be in a position, through his own con- 
duct, to work with the member and en- 
courage him to engage in a business 
which does not conflict with the spirit 
or letter of the word of the Lord in all 
its ramifications. 

The performance of these duties and 
responsibilities do not require, or even 
suggest, a familiarity which may be 
classified as "meddling." It is simply 
a kind, watchful interest in those for 
whom the teacher is largely responsible. 

Those having personal habits at vari- 
ance with the prescribed standards for 
Latter-day Saints should also be the 
concern of the ward teacher. He should 
take a personal pride in having his as- 
signed families live as close to the Lord 
as possible and assist them in finding 
their way back if they stray away. 

In the final analysis, ward teaching 
is a very responsible calling. It re- 
quires tact, judgment, kindness, and a 
genuine brotherly interest in the right- 
eous behavior of those members of the 
Church whom he is to visit and assist. 
Many of the ills which have overtaken 
some of our members could have been 
avoided if ward teachers had "watched 
over the Church" as the Lord has di- 
rected they should. 



The teacher's duty is to watch over the church always, and be with 
and strengthen them; 

And see that there is no iniquity in the church, neither hardness with 
each other, neither lying, backbiting, nor evil speaking; 

And see that the church meet together often, and also see that all the 
members do their duty (D. & C. 20:53-55). 

(x/jOAjcL JsuxhsMl VYbi&AjnqsL fan, Qumsl, 1943 


'T'he Word of Wisdom has been a law unto the Church for one hundred 
and ten years. Its doctrines have been expounded from our pulpits 
perhaps more frequently than any other tenet of our religion. In the class- 
rooms of all Church organizations this subject has been given much con- 
sideration. Anxious fathers and mothers have taught their children con- 
tinuously to obey this law. One would naturally suppose that, considering 
the divine authenticity of the Word of Wisdom and the frequent and per- 
sistent treatment of the subject, there would be few, if any, Latter-day 
Saints addicted to the use of these forbidden indulgences. Unfortunately, 
however, facts dispute this supposition. 

Too many of our members are indifferent to this law. There is the 
constant danger .that others will join the ranks of these well-meaning but 
unthinking souls. The temptations are becoming more acute each day. 

We are face to face with an alarming increase in the consumption of 
tobacco and liquors particularly. The ambitions of "conspiring men" are 
fixing a strangle-hold on untold millions. Their attempts to enslave the 
youth are bearing much fruit. 

This cancerous growth presents a great challenge. Latter-day Saints 
cannot sit complacently by and escape responsibility for their indifferences. 
This is true of leaders, teachers, and parents, alike. 

Our addict members need our love and understanding now more than 
ever before in their lives. Our criticism of them and their weaknesses 
drives them farther away from us and accomplishes no good. Jesus didn't 
despise the sinner; it was their sins He loathed. Too few of us differentiate 
between the sinner and the sin. We could hope for more spiritual physi- 
cians with the ability to wait upon them ", . . that are sick." Let us give 
more attention to kindness and less attention to judgment. 

Youth waits eagerly for any information which will assist them in the 
way of life. They are not always willing to accept the judgment of ma- 
turity or to obey a simple command. Immature judgment and lack of 
experience are among the reasons for this concept. Youth asks "Why?" 
and, perhaps, too many times our only answer is "Don't" or "You must 
not, or else." We should do more teaching and give fewer commands. 
Teach them the evils of tobacco and liquor, yes, but let us never forget 
to extol the virtues and countless advantages of abstinence. 


(Continued from page 299) 
"On the thirty-first of July, 1884, 
death summoned to the spirit world 
Bishop L. W. Hardy, Bishop Preston's 
first counselor. His place remained va- 
cant until the following October, when 
in General Conference the organization 
of the Presiding Bishopric was once 
more made complete by the calling of 
Robert T. Burton and John Q. Cannon 
to act as first and second counselors, 

"In order that some idea may be given 
of the growth and present numerical 
status of the Aaronic Priesthood, par- 
ticularly the bishopric, we here present 
a full list revised and corrected from 
latest reports, of the names of bishops 
in all the organized stakes of Zion." 
( Note : Space does not permit the pub- 
lishing of this long list of bishops. Those 
interested are referred to The Cohtrib- 
utor. Vol. 6, pp. 444-447.) 
(To be continued) 



By Alexander Schreiner, 

Tabernacle Organist and Member, 

Church Music Committee 

In the November 1942 issue of the 
A Era, an invitation was extended to 
our Church musicians to write to the 
general music committee concerning 
problems as they arise in the field. A 
number of such letters have been re- 
ceived, some of which have been an- 
swered direct, and two of which we 
will now consider on this page. It will 
always be a pleasure to hear from our 
music workers concerning their work 
and problems. Address all communica- 
tions to General Music Committee, 200 
North Main Street, Salt Lake City, 

From Preston, Idaho, comes the fol- 
lowing : 

Is it objectionable to use wind and brass 
instruments in Church services if the instru- 
ments are properly played and the music 
is not too loud? Are there certain services 
such as during the passing of the sacrament, 
where such music would not be appropriate? 
We would like to interest young people in 
the work of the Church by having them 
participate musically in Church services. 

This is a problem in appropriateness 
which has been with us for a long time. 
The members of the music committee 
feel that the most pleasing music to 
our Heavenly Father, in our Sunday 
services, are still the hymns sung by 
His people, and the anthems of choirs, 
together with the music of the organ. 
This is the ideal to which we should 
strive. If the people sing two or three 
hymns, and the choir sings one or two 
anthems, there will be little time left 
for instrumental music. Brass music is 
difficult to control as to loudness, be- 
cause brass instruments are naturally 
more fitted for use out-of-doors. Wood- 
wind instruments, while less brilliant 
and less loud, are more suitable for use 
in recreational surroundings than in a 
religious atmosphere. The fact that 
wind instrument players rarely present 
sacred selections is good proof that 
wind instruments are less suited to the 
music of worship than to secular music. 

Indeed we wish to interest our young 
talent in the work of the Church by 
participation in the Church program. 
The auxiliary organizations which hold 
meetings during the week should be 
alive to their opportunity of using all 
kinds of available talent, dramatic and 
musical, including that of wind instru- 
ments. Be sure that all our budding 
wind instrument players are used in 
some way in these meetings during the 

Another way of participating in our 
activities is membership in the choir. 
Many a wind instrument player will 


IN the March issue of the Era some 
practical suggestions were pre- 
sented on the means of dignifying the 
music prelude of our Sabbath services. 
We should like to hear from such of 
our musicians who are pleased with 
the devotional spirit shown when the 
music prelude gives the call to wor- 

make a good choir member, or even a 
choir leader, because of his musical 
training, experience gained in bands 
and orchestras, and above all, the abil- 
ity to read music well. 
* * * 

"Prom North Platte, Nebraska: 

Do you have any printed material con- 
cerning the technique of directing music, 
and the use of the baton? 

We are most happy to receive this 
inquiry because many conductors may 
be interested in the material which is 
available. Every conductor of our 
Church music should have a copy of 
our Church Choristers' Manual, pub- 
lished by, and available at, The Des- 
eret Book Store, for 77 cents, tax in- 
cluded, and postpaid. Anyone wishing 
additional material is referred to Es- 
sentials In Conducting, by Gherkens, 
also Twenty Lessons In Conducting, 
by Gherkens, both of which books may 
be obtained through any music store. 
For advanced material consult The 
Eloquent Baton, by Earhart. 

Driggs Ward Genealogical 
Training Class Activities 

On November tenth the genealogical 
training class, Driggs Ward, Teton 
Stake, sponsored an excursion to the 
Logan temple in which twenty-three 
participated, including our stake presi- 
dent and his wife, and our former 
stake president and his wife. We did 
endowments for about fifty, and twenty 
sealings. We appreciated the kindness 
and consideration shown us by those in 
charge at the temple. 

All who attended enjoyed the work 
and others have told us since that they 
wished they had put forth a greater 
effort and gone with us. Our desire is 
that when we go again, we can all work 
for our own kindred. 

From our class the past summer two 
couples were sealed in the temple, and 
their children were sealed to them. 

We have sold about fifty copies of 
the Book of Remembrance and hundreds 
of genealogical forms. Weekly classes 
have been held in the various homes. 

Our class has raised enough money 
to buy the hardwood for a table for 
our new stake tabernacle, and the class 
members, with the help of the high 
school teacher in woodwork, intend to 
make the table. — Mattie T. Murdoch, 

(See also page 278) 


(Concluded from page 262) 
organization, arranged for office space 
and a place to hold tryouts. Later the 
roof garden atop the Genealogical 
Building was given over for rehearsals. 
Don Alder offered his well-equipped 
shop, used in connection with his busi- 
ness, for scenery building. Church offi- 
cials and local business men were help- 
ful in arranging for theatres. In this 
manner of spirited cooperation the big 
problems confronting the Deseret 
Theatre movement are being met. 

Stage successes that have been ideal- 
ly presented and well received by 
Church members and the public general- 
ly include Dear Brutus, Night of Janu- 
ary Sixteenth, The Cricket on the 
Hearth, The Man Who Came To Din- 
ner, Room Service, George Washing- 
ton Slept Here, The Late Christopher 
Bean, and the general board selection 
The Barretts, used as a guide to what 
wards and stakes could accomplish in 
play production. 

The last production for this season 
is Joseph J. Cannon's English drama 

Thin Air, to be presented in early May. 
Brother Cannon has been stalwart in 
his support of the group and the organi- 
zation feels fortunate in being offered 
his play. Two other plays by Brother 
Cannon, The Wild Pigeon and Rio de 
Amor were presented a few years ago 
in the old Playhouse, now the new 
Lyric Theatre. 

In an effort to get other needed help 
from persons interested in drama, the 
Deseret Theatre group is fostering an 
associate member project. Already 
stake and ward leaders are volunteer- 
ing their aid and are seeking affiliation 
with the group. A goal of five hundred 
associate members has been set. 

Through the work of the Deseret 
Theatre members and the help of its 
many friends, the little theatre move- 
ment is gaining momentum, steadily 
overcoming the ordeals of play produc- 
ing, and steadily promoting its aim to 
supply notable legitimate drama to the 
community, providing an outlet to the 
community's abundant talent. 


"The Wartime Summer Way 
for M.I.A." 

HThis is the title of the new book out- 
lining the summer program for the 
Mutual Improvement Associations for 
1943. The first part of the book is de- 
voted to war projects — -first aid, home 
nursing, Welfare gardens, home kinder- 
garten for neighborhood children, war 
bonds and stamps, 'etc., while the latter 
section presents recreational features of 
interest to the Associations as a whole 
and to the departments. 

M.I. A. Day, May 1 1 

T^HE first event of the summer program 
1 is the M.I.A. Day. This should be 
an outstanding event, climaxing the win- 
ter program and introducing the sum- 
mer projects and activities. One special 
feature is to consult the bishop about 
inviting non-members of the Church in 
the ward or community to participate 
with the M.I.A. in this program. An 
excellent opportunity is here afforded 
to promote good will and understanding. 

A special campaign to be launched 
on this day is "Sponsor an Aircraft 
Rescue Boat" through the purchase of 
war bonds and stamps. 

Full details concerning this M.I.A. 
Day program are found in the Summer 
Way and also in the March Leader. 

The Annual Statistical Report 

TfHE compiling of the annual statisti- 
cal report is one of the most im- 
portant responsibilities of the ward and 
stake secretaries. In former years the 
ward report was to be sent to the stake 
secretary by June 5, and the compiled 
stake report to the general office by 
June 15; but since the M.I.A. fiscal year 
now closes August 31, these reports are 
due, respectively, on September 5 and 
15. This report will cover the period 
from September 1, 1942 to August 31, 

It may be rather early to remind our 
secretaries of something which is not 
due for about four months, but as all 
reports should be completed and sent 
to the general offices before the M.I.A. 
begins its fall sessions, we call your at- 
tention to the need for carefully gather- 
ing and preserving now all information 
necessary before the ward secretaries 
leave on summer vacations or move into 
other localities. Much of the material 
needed for compilation of the annual re- 
ports is included in the monthly reports 
and your duplicate copies should be on 

Stake secretaries should impress on 
their ward secretaries the necessity of 
keeping the ward roll and record books 


up to date at all times and especially 
the month by month summary on pages 
95 to 98 inclusive. All information 
needed for your annual report will then 
be available in concise, orderly form, 
and even though it should be found 
necessary because of the emergency or 
otherwise, to make changes in the ward 
secretary personnel, any member of the 
ward presidency could readily compile 
the report without any difficulty. 

About July 1, copies of the ward an- 
nual report will be sent to stake secre- 
taries for distribution to the respective 
ward secretaries. These in turn will be 
returned to the stake secretaries when 
compiled on September 5. The annual 
report form included in the ward roll 
and record book will provide each ward 
its permanent record. Two stake an- 
nual report forms will also be sent to 
each stake secretary, one to be retained 
for the permanent stake record and the 
other forwarded on to the general office 
not later than September 15. 

Secretaries — please look forward 
now to this very important job, for a 
Church compilation of these reports has 
to be made and will be valueless unless 
every stake in the Church is included. 

Note: Although the record of summer 
activities of 1942 was not included in last 
year's report, we have in the general offices 
information received through the monthly 
reports and therefore are not asking that 
this data be given now. This is done to 
preserve the twelve month period as the 
basis of our report. 

V\7"ith the winter drama program be- 
v " hind us, it is time to take stock of 
our successes and failures, to look ahead 
and marshal our forces for next year, 
and to plan something for summer time. 
With lessons out of the way and long 
vacation evenings coming up, per- 
haps this is the most ideal time of all 
for drama. What greater fun is there 
than home dramatics on the back lawn? 
A play written especially for the occa- 
sion, lights from gay lanterns flickering 
through the trees or floods skilfully 
placed to bring out the important action 
spots . . . what could be more pleas- 
ant on a summer's eve? 

How about a drama club to meet 
once a week and study from the Theater 
Arts Manual in preparation for next 
fall and winter's work? Ample time to 
gain a wonderful foundation for real 
play production in the winter months 
ahead! Then there's a Book of Plays 
to be read and studied . . . really all 
sorts of things to be done. Think it over 
and see if you can't find the very best 
plan yet for building up interest and 
enthusiasm in drama for M.I.A. How 
about it? 

Carry On 

IVTay we ask a special favor of a very 
special class? Do not discontinue 
your activities entirely during the sum- 
mer months. Meet together for recrea- 
tion and interesting projects. These are 
most enjoyable when held in the out- 
of-doors. Have you considered projects 
of gardens, food conservation, nutrition, 
and First Aid under certified leadership? 
The following agencies can furnish 
leadership and material: 

1. The American Red Cross 

2. Home economic and agriculture de- 
partment of high schools 

3. Agriculture Extension Service — 
County Office 

4. Farm Security Administration — 
County Office 

5. U.S. Department of Agriculture bul- 

6. For bibliographies or suggestions 
write to the State Department of Edu- 
cation, Salt Lake City, Utah 

Summer Possibilities 

/^LEANERS, what are your plans for 
^"* the summer? 

First on the list with most groups will 
no doubt be service activities. (See 
Gleaner section of the M Men-Gleaner 
manual for 1942-43 for specific sugges- 
tions. ) 

The family welfare or victory garden 
will need your help and you will want 
to do your part in the home canning 

A new motivation has come to us to 
study the geography, history, and peo- 
ples of foreign countries. 

Clever is the girl who is capable of 
making and remaking her clothes. 

This may be a dateless summer for 
many girls, but there are many activities 
that can be enjoyed — tennis, bowling, 
swimming, archery, horseback riding, 
and picnics. A tournament will add a 
great deal of interest to these sports. 

Other suggestions, such as the Golden 
Gleaner project, Treasures of Truth, 
etc., are to be found in the manual. 

Community Service 

"Explorers for the most part will not 
be making their contributions in the 
armed forces but they will make a most 
worth while contribution to industry 
and agriculture. 

Explorer leaders should give wise 

counsel and organize Explorer units 

{Concluded on page 304) 



The title comes back to the beehive 



Sports Editor, "The Deseret News" 

Still an enthusiastic expression of 
a lofty idealism despite almost 
overwhelming wartime handicaps, 
the M Men basketball program of 
the Mutual Improvement Association 
weathered its stormiest campaign during 

Enlistments and the draft took many 
hundreds of M.I. A. basketball players 
into the armed services, but there were 
still enough left to play out a thorough- 
ly successful schedule, climaxed by an- 
other thrilling and colorful all-Church 
tournament. Suspension of the 25-year 
age limit proved a timely and sagacious 
move. It was an important factor in 
pulling the organization through a sea- 
son which saw many athletic confer- 
ences fold up for the duration. 

Under the skilful guidance of Homer 
C. Warner, chairman of the M Men 
athletic committee, and Frank J. Moz- 
ley, manager of the tournament, the 
mammoth M Men schedule was com- 
pleted without delay or unpleasantness 
of any kind, thereby affording to some 
8,000 young men a distinct moral boost 
and vital athletic development. 

Naturally the calibre of play took a 
slight drop from that of years gone by, 
but this decrease in proficiency was of 
a uniform nature, so the play was close 
and exciting throughout. 

Coon after M Men basketball got un- 
"-' der way, word was received by its 
directors that schedules were being fol- 
lowed through in Arizona, California, 
Idaho, Wyoming, and Nevada. In the 
greater Salt Lake region, only the South 
Cottonwood and Wells stakes were in- 

Cutting a wide swath through a star- 
studded field of courtiers from this vast 
M Men expanse, the Taylorsville 
Ward, Cottonwood Stake, champions 
of Division 10, dominated the cham- 
pionship tournament throughout. It 
was quite an event in the annals of the 
games to see the M.I. A. general board 
trophy come back to the Beehive State, 
after a sojourn at West Lovell, Wyom- 
ing, and Arlington and Oakland, Cali- 
fornia. Taylorsville defeated popular 
Sugar City Second Ward, Idaho, 44 to 
23 to win the title. The boys from the 
Jordan district proved a potent quint 
and a worthy successor to the illustrious 
title holders of the past. 

Third place went to a hard-fighting, 

hustling band of ball rustlers from Salt 

(Concluded on page 304) 

Upper: The all-Church 
honor team selected foi 
outstanding play in the 
M Men basketball tourna- 
ment. Left to right 
Marvin Wallace, Taylors- 
ville, guard; Lee Roberts, 
Sugar City Second Ward, 
forward; Vaughan Barker, 
Taylorsville, center; Royal 
Jensen, North Hollywood, 
guard; and Clinton Nel- 
son, Smithfield Fourth 
Ward, forward. 

Left: The traditional flat 
ceremony which market 
the opening day of the 

Right: Taylorsville Ward M Men 
basketball team, all-Church cham- 
pions for 1943 after a final win 
over Sugar City Second Ward 44 
to 23. 

Front row, left to right. Tommy 
Mackay, Lyle Hintze, Leland 
Brown, Felix DeCleva, Dale Rupp. 
Back row, Milo Rupp, Vaughan 
Barker, Melvin Pendleton, Les 
Paxton, Marvin Wallace. 

Left. North Hollywood Ward M 
Men basketball team, awarded the 
general board's Sportsmanship 
Trophy at the M.I.A. all-Church 

Back row, left to right. Royal 
Jensen, Roscoe Hunt, Levi Hunt. 
Front row, Lyman Pinkton, Lee 
Hess, Jimmy Pratt, Hugh Smith. 

— Deseret News Photos 




(Concluded from page 303) 
Lake City's Twenty-seventh Ward. 
Fourth position was attained by Ogden 
Fourth. Fifth place and consolation 
honors went to Spring ville. 

North Hollywood, headed by Royal 
Jensen, veteran of many Utah scholastic 
and independent tournaments, won the 
coveted Sportsmanship Trophy, as a 
result of a vote taken by players of 
all the teams. Tabbed "The Five Patri- 
archs," this band of veterans played 
pleasing and sporting basketball 

Superintendent George Q. Morris 
presented awards to the winners in a 
ceremony only slightly less pretentious 
than the traditional flag festival which 
opened the tourney and proved one of 
the most impressive in years. Gold 
medals went to the Taylorsville cham- 
pions, silver awards to Sugar City, and 
new basketballs to the third, fourth, and 
consolation victors. 

Lee Roberts of Sugar City was gen- 
erally acclaimed the outstanding player 
in the tournament and as such was 
awarded the position of captain of the 
mythical all-Church honor five. The 
other players winning all-Church posi- 
tions were Vaughan Barker of Taylors- 
ville, center; Marvin Wallace of Tay- 
lorsville, forward; Clinton Nelson of 
Smithfield, forward; and Royal Jensen 
of North Hollywood, guard. 

The second team included: Harry 
McTague, Twenty-seventh, forward; 
Felix DeCleva, Taylorsville, forward; 
Herbert Wilkinson, Twenty-seventh, 
center; Leland Brown, Taylorsville, 
guard; and John Dalling, Sugar City, 

The complete all-Church tournament re- 
sults day by day follow: 

Provo 26, Sandy First 19 
Ogden Fourth 48, Mesa, Arizona 19 
Edgehill 27, Santa Clara 23 
Twenty-seventh 34, Springville First 32 
Smithfield 65, Ogden Fourteenth 30 
North Hollywood 50, Rupert, Idaho 24 
Sugar City 39, Bonneville 35 
Taylorsville 27, Aurora, Idaho 16 

Taylorsville 42, Edgehill 17 
Sugar City 43, Provo Third 30 
Twenty-seventh 47, Smithfield 42 
Ogden Fourteenth 20, Springville First 40 
Santa Clara 35, Aurora 28 
Bonneville 31, Sandy First 22 
Mesa Fifth 22, Rupert Second 21 
North Hollywood 43, Ogden Fourth 30 

Taylorsville 34, Twenty-seventh 29 
Sugar City 44, North Hollywood 22 
Ogden Fourth 39, Provo Third 29 
Smithfield 48, Edgehill 15 
Springville First 39, Santa Clara 22 
Bonneville 24, Mesa Fifth 22 

Twenty-seventh 39, North Hollywood 36 

(for third place) 
Taylorsville 44, Sugar City 23 
(for championship) 
Ogden Fourth 44, Smithfield 33 

(for fourth place) 
Springville First 45, Bonneville 28 
(for fifth place) 



{Concluded from page 302) 
for work in field or factory. It is im- 
portant that the counseling include 
training in health and safety. 

Other phases of troop leader counsel- 
ing should include such matters as loy- 
alty to employer, cooperation with fel- 
low workers, courage to do an honest 
day's work, and dependability on the 

""pHESE are not easy times in which 
our girls are growing up, for war 
conditions necessitate many difficult 
choices. Are we as leaders close enough 
to our girls to help them make wise 
decisions? A number of our girls may 
be at the crossroads, confused, uncer- 
tain of the course to take. They look 
to' you leaders to point the way with 
clear directions, sympathetic under- 
standing, with purposeful leadership. 

Under wise supervision the girls will 
love to cooperate in building a summer 
program full of stimulating and enjoy- 
able projects of service activity, and 
fun. Honor each girl with definite 
committee assignments that she may 
feel her importance to the group. 

The out-of-doors is a "must" for 
summer activities. 

Home projects offer a challenge to 
real purposeful achievement. 

Plan Early for Camping 

"D esponse on the part of the boys and 
, their parents to camping is likely 
to be greatly diminished this year un- 
less the Scoutmasters and other Scout- 
ers promote the camping program. 
Training in this kind of work has not 
only a peace-time value but it also has 
a special value on account of hazards 
connected with war time. 

Elementary plans of camping and the 
ability of a boy to care for himself in 
the open are particularly valuable as- 
sets. The 1943 slogan is particularly 
applicable with reference to camping: 
"Buckle down, toughen up, and carry 
on to victory." 

Scout Supplement 

/^\nce again, attention is directed to 
^^ the Scouting supplement. This 
pamphlet contains some thirty or forty 
short stories and poems suitable for use 
of Scoutmasters. 

Summer Work 

Tt is important that every swarm re- 
main fully organized and active dur- 

ing the summer. If a Bee-Keeper is un- 
able to finish the year with her girls, she 
should see that a new leader is appointed 
by the ward president. 

This is our honor badge season, and 
every girl should have help and encour- 
agement to complete three or four of 
these activities during the summer 
months. This year more than ever they 
will probably need to choose such pro- 
jects as canning fruit, victory gardens, 
helping with the harvest, assisting with 
household tasks as well as taking care 
of young children. 

Honor Badge 60 

/""\UR correspondence indicates that 
^^ many Bee-Keepers do not under- 
stand honor badge No. 60 in the field 
of Public Service found on page 3 of 
this year's supplement. This is both 
an honor badge and a project covering 
defense activities whereby a girl may 
earn a war service pin. Perhaps the 
following example will make it clear. 
Mary consults her Bee-Keeper and 
states that she desires to start work 
for her war service pin. The Bee- 
Keeper explains that this will require 
thirty-six hours of work on projects 
that are listed in the supplement on 
page 4. She encourages Mary to in- 
clude two or three of these activities 
to make up the thirty-six hours rather 
than to spend all the time on one. Up- 
on completion of the first twelve hours 
Mary receives an honor badge award 
in the field of Public Service similar to 
all the other awards made in that field. 
She then works an additional twenty- 
four hours and receives her war service 
pin, but no honor badges in any field 
are earned during this time. 

Now Helen feels she would like to 
do her part in defense service but be- 
cause she is anxious to become an Honor 
Bee-Hive Girl she would rather have 
three Honor Badges as a result of the 
thirty-six hours spent on war service. 
She chooses in the seven fields- honor 
badges in cooking, canning, farming, 
sewing, etc., which are very similar to 
those under No. 60 for which she would 
receive honor badge credit as usual but 
the hours would not apply toward her 
war service pin. 


T_Tow about summer camping? Re- 
strictions on travel and food this 
year will naturally limit what we are 
able to do along this line. However, 
as far as consistent, all our girls should 
enjoy the out-of-doors. Bee-Keepers 
should take extra precautions in making 
adequate preparations and in seeing that 
the undertakings are not too hard on the 
girls physically and that enough adults 
are along so that the girls are well 


(Continued [com page 281) 
occupation. The remainder of the Bat- 
talion was detailed to the drudging 
labor of baking, repairing the village 
structures, and building a fort atop the 
hill west of town. This fortification, 
on the same hill where Gillespie had 
been forced to stand siege, was to be 
large enough to quarter two hundred 
soldiers, and stout enough to withstand 
assault until aid could be brought from 
San Diego, San Francisco, or Mon- 
terey. It stood directly over the pres- 
ent Broadway tunnel (the site now 
marked with staff and flag). It was 
dedicated as Fort Moore on Los An- 
geles' first Fourth of July celebration, 
with solemn and impressive flag-rais- 
ing ceremony. Even its flagpole was a 
distinctive Mormon achievement. 

... A company of natives and Mormons 
were sent to the San Bernardino mountains 
to fell the tallest trees they could find for 
a pole. A long time passed before they 
returned and the authorities became wor- 
ried. Finally on the old Mission Road a 
large cloud of dust was seen and many 
creakings and groanings were heard. It was 
the flag pole cavalcade! Everyone was 
relieved. It had two tree trunks, one about 
90 feet and the other about 75 feet, mounted 
on the axles of about twelve carretas. Each 
was hauled by twenty yoke 6'f oxen with an 
Indian driver to each ox. . . . The two 
trunks, spliced, made a flag-pole for the 
city 150 feet high, that "could be seen by 
all men." 5 

Among those hurriedly recruited 
regiments the country threw into the 
California campaign were some whose 
ranks were filled with border renegades 
and the riff-raff of the eastern cities. 
Colonization rights, bonuses, and 
promise of public lands had lured many 
an undesirable to take up arms. While 
fighting was the strict requisite, they 
had made brave and faithful soldiers, 
but with the closing of hostilities had 
come the chafing monotony of peace. 
Drinking, gambling, rapine, and whole- 
sale desertions followed. American 
military authorities were driven to 
wits' end in coping with a situation that 
was disgraceful to them and a source 
of terror to the natives. 

Tn strange contrast were the stalwart, 
sober Mormons whose arrival had 
been advertised so malignantly. They 
worked hard, they complained little, 
they abstained from drink and the vices 
and follies about them. They met often 
in humble brotherhood and spirit. They 
broke bread, they passed the cup, they 
acknowledged their faults one to an- 
other. Instead of brothel songs, their 
sturdy voices sang the praise of God 
and acknowledged His goodness unto 
man. Instead of the profane oaths 
with serpent-like sting, they spoke the 
supplication of the contrite heart. Lit- 
tle wonder Spanish-speaking natives 
and Indians recognized the intrinsic 
goodness of these strange soldiers. And 

s La Reina, p. 41 


when the Battalion's term of enlistment 
neared its end, military authorities were 
implored by the natives to retain Mor- 
mons as garrison troops in preference 
to the less reliable companies who must 
assume this important duty when the 
Battalion had gone its way. In San 
Diego, where Company B was quar- 
tered, a petition was signed by every 
person in town. 

In May, before General Kearny de- 
parted for the east, he made strenuous 
efforts to re-enlist the Battalion. Tyler 

On the 4th of May, an order was read 
from Col. Cooke, giving the Battalion the 
privilege of being discharged on condition 
of being re-enlisted for three years as U. S. 
Dragoons; but under the circumstances the 
generous proposition could not consistently 
be accepted. 

Regarding Kearny's address to the 
Battalion on the tenth of the same 
month, Tyler states: 

He sympathized with us in the unsettled 
condition of our people, but thought, as 
their final destination was not definitely 
settled, we had better re-enlist for another 
year, by which time the war would doubt- 
less be ended, and our families settled in 
some permanent location. In conclusion he 
said he would take pleasure in representing 
our patriotism to the President, and in the 
halls of congress, and give us the justice 
our praiseworthy conduct had merited. 6 

As the time for mustering-out drew 
nearer, many attractive offers were 
dangled before Mormon eyes to induce 
them to remain in service. When praise 
and cajolery failed, there were threats 
of impressment. Honest justice to these 
faithful men forestalled so drastic a 
move, and in the end the call of loved 
ones and the stronger cry of duty was 
the deciding issue. Mail from the east 
revealed that Brigham Young and the 
vanguard had left Winter Quarters, 
and already were nearing the Rockies. 

"Tyler, Mormon Battalion, pp. 281-2 

By Knox Munson 

THE liquid rhythm on the forest's roof 
Drove feathered crowds into inert 
Each naughty raindrop's stamping little hoof 
Sent tangled branches into high confusion. 
And as I wandered in the dripping scent, 
My budding thought was leisurely in- 
Upon the mystery there. Designed like 

The skies pour out a strange, poetic 
Stirring Earth's veins until his cheeks are 
And life is plunged through hungry limbs 
and shoots. 
Yes, you are like abundant trails of gushing, 
Clean heaven's rain, swept to the thirsty 

The war was ending, hostilities had 
ceased, their obligation to the nation 
valorously paid. Zion-to-be-built had 
need of their sturdy hearts and brawn. 
So, on July 16, 1847, after all com- 
panies of the Battalion were marched 
from the various garrison posts up 
and down the coast and reunited in 
Los Angeles, a brief mustering-out 
ceremony was conducted, and the men 
discharged from service. Eighty-one 
of the brethren elected to remain under 
arms for an additional six months. 
These were sent back to San Diego for 
garrison duty. 

At 3 o'clock p.m. the five companies of 
the Battalion were formed according to 
the letter of the company, with A in front 
and E in rear, leaving a few feet of space 
between. The notorious Lieutenant A. J. 
Smith then marched down between the lines 
in one direction and back between the next 
lines, then in a low tone of voice said: "You 
are discharged." This was all there was 
of the ceremony of mustering out of service 
this veteran corps of living martyrs to the 
cause of their country and religion. None 
of the men regretted the Lieutenant's brev- 
ity; in fact, it rather pleased them. 7 

'T'hey at last were freed from the 
soldier's yoke, but there still re- 
mained a thousand miles of wilder- 
ness and mountains to be met and con- 
quered before they could hope to greet 
their loved ones in the promised land 
of the Great Basin. After mustering- 
out and payoff, the brethren assembled 
at the place agreed upon — a rendez- 
vous on the San Pedro River, three 
miles from the Pueblo. Fortunately 
stock and provisions were cheap, and 
with the meager cash in their posses- 
sion, the brethren were able to assem- 
ble satisfactory traveling equipment, 
with ample flour and salt for the re- 
turn journey. ". . . The majority of 
those who did not re-enlist were or- 
ganized into companies for traveling, 
after the ancient and modern Israelitish 
custom, with captains of hundreds, 
fifties and tens . . ." 8 

Within a week their strange caravan 
was wending its way northward 
through California's wide valley of the 
San Joaquin. At Sutter's Fort they 
stopped to barter. With the consent of 
the "captains" a few of the brethren 
remained there, to accept positions at 
wages with Captain Sutter until the 
following spring. The majority, how- 
ever, pushed hurriedly on into the 
Sierras. On September 6, while leaving 
the Tahoe basin, came that historic 
meeting with Samuel Brannan — who at 
that moment was returning to San 
Francisco after his disappointing inter- 
view with Brigham Young in the Great 
Basin. Brannan 's antipathy toward 
President Young's choice, and his dole- 
ful account of things he'd seen, were 
not lost on the minds of the brethren. 
(Continued on page 306) 

7 Azariah Smith Journal, Journal History 
8 Tyler, Mormon Battalion, p. 305 




(Continued from page 305) 
But next day came Captain James 
Brown with letters from families of 
the brethren, and the epistle from Pres- 
ident Young and the Council. The 
decision — whether to return and winter 
at Sutter's Fort, or push on to the 
Great Basin — became the individual 
problem of every man. After discus- 
sion and council, about half the num- 
ber considered it wisdom to remain in 
California. The others snapped fingers 
at Brannan's advice, and pushed on 
toward the new Zion. 

Those who elected to remain had no 
difficulty in obtaining work. John A. 
Sutter, whose ingenuity and sagacity 
already had carved out an empire, 
needed men. Fremont had recruited 
the best of Sutter's American workers 
and rifle-men. Sutter faced a crying 
need for mills and manpower. The 
sober, hard-working Mormons were an 
answer to his prayers. He offered 
employment to all who would work. 

His foreman, James W. Marshall, a 
native of New Jersey and carpenter by 
trade, took a crew of nine of the breth- 
ren, three other white men, and a num- 
ber of Indians, and moved up to the 
Coloma Valley. Here a sawmill was 
to be erected. Samuel Brannan's "shirt- 
tail store" (as the little mercantile es- 
tablishment managed by Charles Smith 
was called) furnished the supplies for 
this venture. Coloma Valley, site of 
the projected mill, was some forty-five 
miles east of Sutter's, on the south fork 
of the American River. 

The men labored through the win- 
ter, felling trees, constructing a brush 
■dam across the river, and deepening 
a dry channel for a mill race. To save 
labor, Marshall utilized the river to 
deepen the channel of the race — em- 
ploying the men by day to remove 
stones and obstructions, and turning 
in the water by night to carry off the 


sand and debris. On the morning of 
January 24, while inspecting the work 
after a particularly heavy rain, he 
noticed some yellow particles inter- 
mixed with the sand. Curious as to 
what they might be, he dispatched one 
of the Indians to his cabin for a tin 
plate. With this Marshall was able 
to obtain a small quantity of the metal, 
which had the appearance of gold. At 
the evening meal he disclosed his find 
to the men, who for the most part took 
the matter lightly and with consider- 
able doubt. However, Henry W. Big- 
ler, one of the Battalion brethren, con- 
sidered it important enough to record 
in his diary: 

Monday 24 (January) : This day some 
kind of metal was found in the tail race 
that looks like gold. 

Jan. 30th: Clear, and has been all the 
last week. Our metal has been tried and 
proves to be gold. It is thought to be rich. 
We have picked up more than a hundred 
dollars' worth this week. 9 

By such humble words was an epoch 
marked! Before the year was out, this 
discovery of gold on the American 
River in California was destined to 
start a tide of immigration westward 
that would change the face of the na- 
tion. The President of the United 
States would utilize the subject in a 
special message to Congress. Through 
it, and by it, California would be made 
a sovereign state of the Union within 
two years and boast almost a hundred 
thousand population. In less than a 
decade it was to add five hundred mil- 
lion dollars to the world's store of 
gold. And then, when surface riches 
were gone, and the wealth too deep for 
the common man with pick and pan, 
those hosts who followed the lure 
would turn the earth for greater riches 
than ever was destined to come from 
the glittering sands of California's 

a Bigler Journal 

shallow rivers. 

When Marshall's find proved to be 
gold, efforts were made to hush the af- 
fair. He hastened down-river for con- 
ference with Captain Sutter, while the 
Mormon brethren continued to honor 
their contract by laboring daily on the 
uncompleted mill. So rich were the 
sands about them, that by brief labors 
in the evening they were able to pan 
for themselves many times the amount 
they received as employees of Sutter. 
It is remarkable, that even after the 
secret was out and the streams 
swarmed with gold-hungry men, these 
Mormon boys continued with their 
task. Not until March 1 1 was the mill 
completed and running. 

But in spite of the elaborate efforts 
of Sutter and Marshall to hide the 
great secret, it soon was traveling by 
word of mouth. It remained only for 
Samuel Brannan to complete the cycle 
that was to set the world afire. From 
time to time throughout the early 
spring of 1848, news of the discovery 
had been carried to San Francisco. For 
some reason the little city on the bay 
remained strangely indifferent to 
events that soon would turn it into a 
holocaust. But Samuel, while on that 
visit to his Sacramento store, not only 
investigated the rumors, but carried 
back to San Francisco a quinine bottle 
stuffed with the precious metal. 

It was May of 1848 before the world 
was taken into confidence regarding 
the discovery, but Samuel Brannan 
made ample amends for the tardy state 
of things. With hat in one hand, with 
the quinine vial in the other, he strode 
the muddy streets of San Francisco. 
With his bull-like voice he shouted the 
tidings, "Gold! Gold! Gold! Gold from 
the American River!" 

Within a week the city was de- 

( To be continued) 



Assistant to the Council of the Twelve 

Delivered at the Sunday afternoon ses- 
sion of the 113th Annual Conference, 
April 4, 1943, in the Tabernacle 

Since October Conference six 
months ago, a most unusual ex- 
perience has been mine. With 
Brother Roscoe W. Eardley, I have 
visited in more than one hundred and 
twenty of the one hundred and forty- 
three stakes of the Church in what may 
be called an inspection tour of Welfare 
projects and activities. We have held 
regional Welfare meetings in sixteen of 


the seventeen Welfare regions. I have 
appreciated this assignment and the 
gracious manner in which you brethren 
have received us. 

Being thus intensely engaged in the 
activities of Church Welfare, I am led 
to refer to some of them here. In April, 
1936 — just seven years ago — the First 
Presidency, in "An Important Message 
to the Presidents of Stakes and Bish- 
oprics of the Church," stated the guid- 
ing principles of the "Church Welfare 
Plan." At the October Conference fol- 
lowing, they read a report of what had 
been accomplished during the interven- 
ing six months. Their reason for in- 
augurating the plan was stated as fol- 

Our primary purpose was to set up, 
insofar as it might be possible, a system 

under which the curse of idleness would be 
done away with, the evils of the dole abol- 
ished, and independence, industry, thrift 
and self-respect be once more established 
amongst our people. Work is to be re- 
enthroned as the ruling principle of the 
lives of our Church members. . . . The 
Church aims to help provide for the care 
and sustenance of those on direct relief — 
federal, state, and county, as also for those 
for whom the Church has heretofore cared. 

The progress made in Welfare pro- 
duction since that beginning has been 
remarkable. The evidence of it is ap- 
parent in every stake. A record of the 
time, means, and enthusiasm voluntarily 
contributed to Welfare production and 
processing would fill volumes. 

From those first general instructions 
given in April, 1936, that "every bishop 
should aim to have accumulated by 



next October conference sufficient food 
and clothes to provide for every needy 
family in his ward during the coming 
winter," has developed what has come 
to be known as "the annual Church wide 
Welfare budget," prepared each year 
with great care. The one for 1 943 now 
in your hands, if produced, processed, 
and delivered to bishops' storehouses, 
will supply eighty percent of life's neces- 
sities for thirteen thousand people. We 
are getting some very valuable experi- 
ence in producing. 

There are, however, two objectives 
of Church Welfare, for the accom- 
plishment of which we must accelerate 
our efforts. First, we must prayerfully 
and diligently seek to develop produc- 
tion and other projects through which 
work, that is, employment, suited to the 
capacity of our non-self-sustaining 
members shall be provided, and second, 
we must with vigor and in the spirit 
of true charity, which is "the pure love 
of Christ" (Moroni 7:47) seek to in- 
duce these, our brothers and sisters, to 
help us in our Welfare activities and 
to be cared for in the Welfare way. 
Only thus can we help to do away with 
the curse of idleness, abolish the evils 
of the dole, and once more establish 
industry, thrift, and self-respect 
amongst our people. 

There is still a tendency amongst 
us to place our hope and confidence 
for economic security in governmental 
and other welfare agencies rather than 
in our own industry. We have no busi- 
ness being carried away by the false 
panaceas of the world. We are the 
members of the Church of Christ. The 
Church and its members are to be lead- 
ers — not leaners — in the solution of 
the problems which confront us. We 
of the Church possess the "everlasting 
covenant, even the fulness of the gos- 
pel" (D. & C. 66:2), which is to be 
our guide in resolving all issues. On 
this subject the Lord hath thus spoken: 

I have sent mine everlasting covenant 
into the world, to be a light to the world, 
and to be a standard for my people and 
for the Gentiles to seek to it, and to be a 
messenger before my face to prepare the 
way before me (D. & C. 45:9). 

And again, when giving instructions 
for the organization of His people, 
in regulating and establishing the af- 
fairs of the storehouse for the poor of 
His people, the Lord stated His pur- 
pose to be : 

That through my providence, notwith- 
standing the tribulation which shall de- 
scend upon you, that the church may stand 
independent above all other creatures be- 
neath the celestial world (D. & C. 78:3 
and 14). 

Now, the Welfare plan points the 
way to that independence. At the base 
of that way lie some fundamental prin- 
ciples for the Latter-day Saints — and 
for all peoples in the world, for that 
matter— to practice. 


First, every individual should value 
his or her independence and labor with 
all his might to maintain it by being self- 
sustaining. This the Lord enjoined up- 
on us when from the Garden of Eden 
he sent forth our first parents under 
the stern command, "In the sweat of 
thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou 
return unto the ground" (Genesis 3: 

Second, next to himself, the responsi- 
bility for sustaining an individual rests 
upon his family — parents for their chil- 
dren, children for their parents. It is an 
ungrateful child who, having the ability, 
is unwilling to assist his parents to re- 
main independent of relief. 

Finally, the individual having done 
all he can to maintain himself, and the 
members of his family having done what 
they can to assist him, then the Church, 
through the Welfare plan, stands ready 
to see that its members, who will ac- 
cept the plan and work in it to the ex- 
tent of their ability, shall each be cared 
for "according to his family, accord- 
ing to his circumstances, and his wants 
and needs" (D. & C. 51:3). 

Here is an example of what I mean 
by accepting the plan and working in it 
to the extent of one's ability. 

There is an enterprising bishop in the 
Church who had living in his ward a 
retired cabinet maker, owning enough 
tools and power machinery to equip 
a small shop. In the Welfare way a 
shop was built, equipped, and stocked 
with lumber and other necessary mate- 
rials. In that shop such articles as 
tables, benches, chairs, and cabinets 
are made. Many of them have been 
placed in our meetinghouses in that 
area. The day I learned of this project, 
I was happy to see there an elderly 
brother who had many years ago helped 
teach me the carpenter trade. He has 
passed the most active years of his life 

and cannot now hold a job in the com- 
petitive world. He can, however, do 
considerable work in that shop. He 
responded with spirit to the invitation 
and there gives his full services. From 
the bishops' storehouse, well-stocked 
from fast offerings and Welfare-pro- 
duced commodities, he receives a com- 
fortable living. He is thus sustaining 
himself and his wife. This accomplish- 
ment has been duplicated many times in 
our Deseret Industries and on other 
Welfare projects. 

The Church has within itself the pow- 
er to make every one of its members, 
who can do anything, self-sustaining 
in the same way, if the leaders will only 
use that power in the spirit of their call- 
ings and our people will be converted 
and work and be cared for in the Wel- 
fare way. 

I repeat again, my brethren, you and 
the Church members in general have re- 
sponded magnificently to the calls made 
upon you for Church Welfare. You 
have given time, money, work, and 
property unstintingly. There is one 
more thing required. To succeed 
wholly we must give of ourselves to the 
solution of the individual problems of 
our brothers and sisters. If we would 
draw them closer to us, win them to 
the Welfare way, we must have as great 
an interest, or greater, in them as indi- 
viduals in the solution of their personal 
problems and in the success of their 
lives as we do in obtaining the material 
things which sustain their lives. We 
must develop projects which will call 
for the service which they can render, 
and demonstrate to them that the plan 
needs them as much as they need it. 

Presently we are acquiring and de- 
veloping permanent projects. This is 
well. We need permanent projects to 
insure the production of the necessities 
of life. We need them so that we shall 
have a place where our members can 
work in producing those necessities 
when their present employment ends. 
As we develop these projects, let us 
keep close to the people who should be 
sustained by the products thereof. Let 
us bring them in and give them a hand 
in the developing. Unless they work 
upon the projects, unless there are pro- 
jects upon which they can work, accord r 
ing to their capacities, and by so doing 
sustain themselves and thus rehabilitate 
their lives, the Welfare plan shall not 
have served its full purpose. 

Oh! I know that such an approach 
calls for patient, intelligent, devoted, 
and Christ-like service. I know that 
it is easier just to give money or to go 
and do the work ourselves, but just 
giving money and doing the work our- 
selves will not build up and rehabilitate 
our brethren. We often do for our chil- 
dren that which they should do for 
themselves, rather than spend the time 
and effort, and exercise the patience 
necessary to teach them how, and in- 
duce them, to do it. But to what end? 
{Continued on page 308) 





(Continued from page 307) 
To the ruin of our children in many 

Through the Welfare plan we shall 
make a practical application of the 
divine command, "Love thy neighbor as 
thyself" (Leviticus 19:18). When we 
do, "the curse of idleness will be done 
away with, the evils of the dole abol- 
ished, and independence, industry, 
thrift, and self-respect be once more es- 
tablished amongst our people." Then 
the Church shall "stand independent 
above all other creatures beneath the 
celestial world," in very deed "a light 
. . . for the gentiles to seek to." 

God help us to speed the day, I 
humbly pray in the name of Jesus Christ. 


of the Presiding Bishopric 

Delivered at the Sunday afternoon ses- 
sion of the \l3th Annual Conference, 
April 4, 1943, in the Tabernacle 

IF ever I prayed in my heart that I 
would have the Spirit of our Heav- 
enly Father, it is today. I hope that 
whatever I say will be perfectly un- 
derstood. If what I am going to say is 
not understood, I certainly will be in 
very bad shape. 

This man Sherman who marched to 
the sea, gave a real definition of war — 
it starts with "h," the second letter is 
"e," and the last two letters are alike. 
I do not suppose there was ever a time 
when we did more real tall thinking, 
than today. The business man is won- 
dering what is going to happen to his 
business, what is going to happen to his 
securities. He is worried. The educa- 
tor is very much concerned. He is 
wondering if the clock is being turned 
back, going to be turned back, and if 
things considered fundamental are to be 
thrown in the ash can. Probably I am 
not putting it too extreme. 

The man who champions religion is 
downcast. Yes, he is upset. 

However, as we are brought close 
with death there are two philosophies 
facing one another — One "eat and drink 
and be merry, for tomorrow we die" — 
the other "there are no atheists in fox 
holes" With men as they are brought, 
if you please, face to face with God, the 
latter philosophy is predominating. Men 
though sometimes skeptical otherwise, 
are turning to God as they never were 
before. Whether they admit it or not, 
deep down in their soul, there is reli- 
gion. Sometimes a man won't admit it — 
but in an unguarded moment — the bot- 
tom of his soul reveals itself and you 
see him in his true light. He lets the 
cat out of the bag — like the boisterous 
fellow who blats out, "My father was an 



atheist, my grandfather was an atheist 
and, thank God, I am an atheist." 

I had the pleasure the other night of 
eating dinner with this man Whittaker, 
one of the co-pilots with Eddie Ricken- 
backer. He is one of those rough and 
ready fellows we read about, with no 
pretensions. He says he never went to 
church in his life. After the meal was 
over, I walked out in the hall with him, 
and I asked: "If you don't mind, I 
would like to ask you a question — very 
pertinent, or impertinent, whatever you 
would call it." 

He said: "Go to it." 

I said: "During those three weeks 
trial did you have anything of a religious 
nature come over you?" 

He came back strong. "Decidedly 
so. I have two new words in my vocab- 
ulary — 7 believe.'" He said: "We 
didn't pray to God, we talked to Him. 
If you were going down a lonely street 
and were waylaid by ruffians and you 
called and shouted, and the police came 
to your assistance, you would believe 
in the police, wouldn't you?" He con- 
cluded, "I believe." 

Many details of that trip that man 
told us that were decidedly inspiring. 
As men get up against real trouble, they 
get more religious. 

Last but not least, we are worried 
over our morals. To read the statistics 
of the liquor control in the State of Utah 
knocks you cold. In 1941, one small 
county consumed hard liquor to the 
tune of $60,000 — (you believe in eter- 
nal progression) — 1942 it was $180,- 
000. Now just a few things like that 
remind us where we are going. 

Now we are at the point where we 
are getting onto a dangerous subject. 
May the Lord help me that I am under- 
stood. A typical young Mormon boy in 
one of the wards the other night, made a 
talk. I had a copy of that talk given 
me by a friend, because she thought that 

maybe I might be interested in it. The 
boy started out something like this: 

"I am going to be frank, I want to 
be. I hope that I am understood." (As 
the young people term it, he wanted to 
let his hair down.) He continued: 
"Generally when I am asked to give a 
talk in Church — a few days ahead Pa 
writes it, Ma corrects it and then Bill 
runs it off on the typewriter. Then, of 
course, I learn it off by heart. Now to- 
night I am not going to do that. I am 
going to speak just the way I feel." 
And by the way, I think we ought to 
encourage more of that kind of talks 
than we do; we ought to encourage 
originality; we ought to encourage peo- 
ple to have the courage of their convic- 
tions and say what they think. You 
know, if more talks were given extem- 
poraneously we would get closer to the 
hearts of the people. Even Mark Twain 
said he believed in extemporaneous 
talks. He said he had been studying on 
one for fifteen years. When he got a 
chance, he said he wanted to give it. 
(Laughter) Now, I believe that. 

Let's encourage more freedom of 
speech. It is as refreshing as a drink 
from a cool fountain. Let s have more 
expressions that are spontaneous — yes, 
if you want, call it spontaneous com- 

The boy proceeded. He started to 
talk about his friend John. "John was 
raised in a good family, good parents, 
good home atmosphere. He goes away 
to school, gets away from the home 
fireside, and the first thing you know, 
John starts to smoke." 

John is like some other good men. 
He has weakness. You bishops of the 
wards, what attitude is yours with John? 
Are you kind or are you rigid? Do you 
take an attitude, do the people of your 
ward take an attitude that means John 
is not wanted any more? If I under- 
stand Christ, that was not His attitude. 
Do you want to drive him away from 

That boy is somebody's good son; 
some mother loves him; some father 
wants him to keep the standards of the 
Church. Are you going to drive him 
out, or are you going to put your arm 
around him and bring him back. "To 
err is human, to forgive divine." 

I did not say we should have less 
regard for the standards of the Church; 
we ought to have more regard for them. 
We ought to put them up higher; but 
when a lad makes a mistake, let us be 
kind. Do you think I am getting too 
broadminded? Bernard Shaw says: 
"Be open-minded, but don't get in the 
draft." Do you think I am in a draft? 
O no, I don't think so. I would rather 
die of pneumonia through getting in a 
draft than I would die from hardening 
of the arteries. A lot of people die of 
that. In plain American English, are 
you too rigid? 

Now, you have 25,000 boys in the 
service; you are preaching to them; you 
are corresponding with them. They 



are in a new world. They have been 
taken from the workshop into this new 
life; they have been taken from the 
farms, from taking care of beets, into 
this new life. "An idle brain is the 
devil's workshop." I am not saying 
those men are particularly idle, but there 
are moments when they don't know 
what to do with themselves; they are 
tempted as they never were before. 
What about the boy that stays at home 
and is not tempted? What about that 
boy that is tempted? What are you 
going to do with him when he comes 
back? Is your attitude going to be one 
of rigidness, or are you going to be kind 
to him? 

and Where You Will Find 
Their Messages 

Alexandria Hotel 262 

Beneficial Life Insurance Com- 
pany Back Cover 

Bennett Glass & Paint Company~263 

Bookcraft Company, The 

260, 263, 293, 314 

Borden Company 291 

Brigham Young University 260 

Continental Oil Company 261 

Crescent Manufacturing Company 
(Mapleine) 315 

Deere and Company 316 

Deseret Book Company 294 

Deseret Federal Savings & Loan 
Association 262 

Deseret News Press 318 

Fauldess Starch Company 259 

Fels-Naptha Soap & Soap Chips..266 

General Insurance Company of 
America 3 1 9 

Glade Candy Company 315 

Globe Grain & Milling Company 292 

Hall's Canker Remedy 313 

L. D. S. Business College 314 

Maid O' Barley 293 

Morning Milk Company 313 

Mountain Fuel Supply Company 
_ Inside front cover 

Purex, Limited 312 

Purity Biscuit Company 257 

Royal Baking Company 311 

Safeway Stores, Inc 

Inside back cover 

Tea Garden „ 295 

Union Pacific Stages 292 

Universal Zonolite Insulation Co...264 

Utah Engraving Company 260 

Utah Oil Refining Company 259 

Utah Poultry Producers' Co-op 
Association 29 1 

Wheeler, Reynolds & Stauffer ....257 

The sun and wind had a meeting one 
day, and the wind said: "I can take that 
fellow's coat off quicker than you can. 
The sun replied: "Go to it." The 
wind started to blow, and the harder 
it blew the harder the man pulled his 
coat around himself. The coat stayed 
on. The sun said: "All right, give me 
a trial." He beat down on that fellow's 
back, and soon the coat came off. Kind- 

My mother told me a story once I 
never forgot. It was about a fellow 
who had sticky fingers. (I'll try to 
make myself clear.) He went to a 
shop and when he thought the merchant 
was not looking lifted a pound of butter. 
He concealed it under a big stiff hat that 
he wore. It was in the days of the big 
beaver hats. Some merchants are like 
some schoolteachers — they have eyes 
in the back of their heads — the store- 
keeper knew where the pound of butter 

Now, he's going to call the police — 
he's got him hands down. That's what 
you think. But the grocery man had 
another way of teaching that fellow a 
good lesson. Yes, he was going to turn 
on the heat — but with kindness. It was 
winter. He led his friend over to the fire 
and with all the warmth of hospitality 
beckoned him to the stove. "Sit close 
up to the fire, John; it's a cold day." 
Yes, he put on the coal. The stove 
was a crimson red. — So was John. Now 
John began to sweat. It wasn't a ques- 
tion of rendering lard it was rendering 

Well, now, the shop man got his but- 
ter back. The story is a little far- 
fetched I agree, but John will never again 
"worlds without end" make a larder of 
his hat. 

Now, in closing: let us be kind; do 
not forget that the man who has his 
weakness is that fellow that charges 
up San Juan hill to give you your lib- 
erty; that fellow that leads his fellows 
in battle with: "We lick them today or 
Molly Stark is a widow"; yes, the 
daredevil that bares his breast to Jap- 
anese bullets at Guadalcanal. He may 
have his weakness, but when you put 
on your slippers at night and huddle 
yourself to the fire of liberty, do not for- 
get there is somebody out there who 
has faults, but who is the one that dares 
to face death to give you your liberty. 

Judge not the working of his brain, 
And of his heart thou canst not see. 
What looks to thy dim eyes a stain, 
In God's pure light may only be 
A scar, brought from some well-won field 
Where thou wouldst only faint and yield. 

— Proctor 

May the Lord help us to be kind. 
Someone, when asked the definition of 
heaven replied: "Heaven is the place 
where everybody is kind." And we 
will get twice as far if we will be less 
rigid and more kind. 

So many Gods and so many creeds, 
So many paths that wind and wind, 
While just the art of being kind 
Is what the sad world needs. 

— Wilcox 

May the Lord help us in it. 


Of the First Council of the Seventy 

Delivered at the Sunday afternoon ses- 
sion of the \\3th Annual Conference, 
April 4, 1943, in the Tabernacle 

I believe I can state the substance of 
the message I have in mind in one 
sentence. I say it particularly for the 
young people of the Church, because I 
know that so many of them are con- 
fused at this time. What I wish to say 
is this: War does not change funda- 

War changes many things, of neces- 


sity. It may change the clothes we 
wear, the quality and quantity of the 
food we eat, and many of our other 
habits of life; but it does not, it must 
not, it can not change the basic funda- 

These young men of ours who have 
broken up the pattern of their lives to 
go into the service of their country are 
going to want to come back to those 
places they have left, and to take up 
life, insofar as circumstances permit, 
where they left it. I think their conduct 
must always be modified by this thought. 

Our young women must keep this in 
mind, too, I am sure. They have many 
vital decisions to make; the pattern of 
their lives is broken up likewise. But 
all of the decisions they make must be 
(Continued on page 310) 





{Continued from page 309) 
based on the bedrock fundamentals of 
life which have been taught them in 
their homes and in this Church. De- 
cisions prompted by expediency must 
not be allowed to become a habit; the 
attitude of living in a state of emergency 
must not be allowed to become chronic; 
and our thinking must not be allowed 
to go off on unsafe tangents because of 
the urgency of the moment. 

War does not change the fundamental 
that it is still a wise thing to spend a 
little less than we make; to raise a little 
more than we think we'll need; to keep 
our birthright, in a physical sense— our 
roots in the soil. 

It does not change the fundamental 
that upon this Church has been placed 
the obligation to preach the gospel. 
The pattern of our preaching may 
change; the composition of the man- 
power that preaches the word may 
change; our methods may of necessity 
change a good deal; our work may be 
done largely at home in the stakes in- 
stead of abroad in foreign fields, but 
still the obligation is upon us. 

War must not lower any of our stand- 
ards of personal conduct. A uniform 
does not give a young man any special 
privilege, so far as a young woman is 
concerned; nor does it justify any young 
woman in lowering any of her stand- 
ards or principles or ideals, under any 
conditions whatsoever, so far as any 
young man is concerned, a uniform to 
the contrary notwithstanding. 

I believe I shall leave the statement 

Our young men are making great 
sacrifices; a full share of them are in 
the armed forces, in comparison with 
other groups of like numbers. We are 
all willing to do all that has to be done, 
and more, to meet the needs of the 
hour; but beneath it all, our feet must be 
squarely fixed upon bedrock funda- 
mentals which no emergency or ex- 
pediency or state of war should or can 
be permitted to change. 

May the Lord God be with these 
young people of ours in all of the con- 
fusion that faces them, in all of the 
decisions that they have to make, and 
help them to make all of those decisions 
on that same basis of fundamental 
truth which would and must determine 
the vital decisions of their lives at any 

I know, as you do, that God lives, 
that this is His work. I ask the bless- 
ings of our Father in heaven upon each 
of you and all of us, and upon those 
who are not with us, those of our mem- 
bers who are living in a state of war, 
in occupied countries and elsewhere, 
that their faith may be strong, that their 
lives may be preserved, and that they 
may endure to the end and receive all 
of those promised blessings for those 
who do endure. 

God be with you. Amen. 



Assistant to the Council of the Twelve 

Delivered at the Sunday afternoon ses- 
sion of the 113th Annual Conference, 
April 4, 1943, in the Tabernacle 

To most of us a General Conference 
of the Church is an important 
event. From it we receive strength 
and courage. It occurred to me as I sat 
here this morning and this afternoon 


that the Church is a great educational 
institution, supplying the training and 
the education so much needed in this 
world, torn asunder at the present time 
by war and destruction. Its purpose 
is to enlighten and exalt humanity. 

Today, in conference assembled, we 
rejoice in the efficiency of this Church, 
in its vitality, its power, its growth, its 
leadership, in its comprehensive pro- 
gram, and in the wide scope of its ac- 
tivities. The conferences of the Church 
have always been a great inspiration 
to the Latter-day Saints. We come 
here to be renewed in our faith, to be 
encouraged in our labors and to be 
strengthened in our responsibility, and 
we never go away disappointed. 

The challenge to you and me today, 
as workers in this Church, has never 
been greater. "There was never a time 
more cut off from Christ," says a mod- 
ern writer, "than the present, and there 
was never a time that needed Him 

We have witnessed in recent years 
a departure from fundamentals long 
established, a breaking away from 
standards and doctrines that are as old 
as the Decalog. The paramount need 
of the hour, it seems to me, is a return 
to the old-fashioned virtues that formed 
the very bedrock of our social and eco- 
nomic life. We should have learned 
long ago that paganism and true Chris- 

tianity can never be welded together. 
You cannot serve God and Mammon, 
said Jesus. That doctrine was true 
centuries ago when it was uttered; it 
is true today. A compromising, distorted 
and vacillating Christianity was never 
taught by Jesus and His apostles, or 
by Joseph Smith and his followers. 
They were firm and unyielding in their 
requirements for Church membership. 

I rejoice in the testimonies which have 
come to me concerning the divinity of 
God's work. It is a great work, as I 
said in the beginning. The Church is 
great in purpose and plan, in its pro- 
gram. It is great in its achievements, 
and in its missionary endeavor. In these 
days of crisis and turmoil we must not 
fail, for much depends upon our faith, 
our integrity, and our activity in the 

May God bless the Latter-day Saints, 
that they may be true to their respon- 
sibilities and true to their convictions, 
I pray, in the name of Jesus Christ. 


Assistant to the Council of the Twelve 

Delivered at the Sunday afternoon ses- 
sion of the 113th Annual Conference, 
April 4, 1943, in the Tabernacle 

1 y brethren, we have had two glor- 
ious sessions. Kindness seems 
to be the theme. I thought as 
Bishop Ashton was pleading for more 
kindness, how fitting; and that I would 
like to tell of something that happened 




to me just three weeks ago today. I 
was in Los Angeles without an appoint- 
ment, and consequently wended my way 
over to the Hollywood Ward. As 1 
( Continued on page 312 


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(Concluded from page 310) 

came up to the door, a kind affable man 
extended his hand in greeting, and said : 
"You are welcome here. Come in." It 
was not a hard thing to go into that 
chapel. After the opening exercises, I 
went with one of the classes, and the 
teacher had sort of a "free for all" dis- 
cussion. It seemed that he was draw- 
ing out the class members as to their 
attitude and feelings. He asked them 
of their difficulties, the trials they were 
having, and how they overcame them. 

Many class members told of sweet 
things that had happened to them, diffi- 
culties that they had overcome. Finally 
one man stood up and said: "Years 
ago I joined the Church in Denmark. 




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THE &StZ&H&?ty<&&7t. ILEACH 


I never felt such love, such sympathy, 
and such kindness in my life as I felt 
amongst those people that were in that 
branch. I was thrilled to be a member 
of the Church of Jesus Christ. I did 
my duty in the Church. I worked up to 
be an assistant to the superintendent of 
the Sunday School, thrilled in the knowl- 
edge that I was actually growing in the 
gospel. Then about twenty years ago 
the way opened up for me to come to 
Zion. I came, bringing my certificate 
of identification with me. As Sunday 
rolled around, I went over to the ward 
in which I was living, thinking that the 
bishop would be delighted to know he 
was getting a new member, and I had 
him pointed out to me. I couldn't say 
very much in English; I walked up to 
him and handed him my certificate of 
identification, and he said: 'O.K.' And 
that was the end of the conversation. 

"I had a difficult time because the 
warmth that I had known with the mis- 
sionaries in Denmark was not here. I 
sat through the meeting. I went for 
several Sundays; no one paid any at- 
tention to me whatsoever, and finally 
I gave up. For twenty years now I 
have wandered all over America, un- 
happy and miserable, trying to find 
some peace, and knowing all the time 
that the gospel was true, but it was not 
lived the way that the missionaries had 
taught us it was to be lived, and as it 
should be lived. I happened along this 
street four weeks ago. I came to the 
door of this beautiful chapel and a man 
held out his hand, and spoke to me, 
and said: 'Welcome.' 

"The next Sunday I was here, and 
last Sunday I was here, and today I am 
here. I am beginning to feel that thrill 
come back that I had in Denmark. 
Someone was kind to me." 

As he sat down, thrilled to think 
he had come back into the Church, he 
promised before that Sunday School 
that he would continue to be a Latter- 
day Saint. I was touched. I stood up 
and said: "I wonder if anyone else is 
here today for the first time? It hap- 
pens to be my first day here, and as I 
came up to the door, someone shook 

hands with me. Has anyone else had 
an experience who has come today for 
the first time that makes him feel he 
would not want to come again for 
twenty years?" 

One sister held up her hand and said: 
"I came today for the first time, and 
someone shook hands with me at the 
door, and I am coming back next Sun- 

Brethren, you men who are respon- 
sible for taking care of the sheep, you 
who are in constant touch with them, 
be kind. I had a fine young missionary 
come out to me in the California Mis- 
sion. He was telling me that he had 
been a little bit careless as a boy, but 
he said on one occasion, about six years 
previous, when he was about sixteen 
years of age, he walked into the office 
of the bishop, just a little bit ashamed. 
For his mother had forced him to pay 
tithing on a dollar he had earned, but 
the payment was so small he was al- 
most afraid to do it. Finally he laid 
the ten cent piece down on the table 
and said: "This is my tithing." 

He said the bishop, who was writing 
out receipts, dropped his pencil on the 
receipt book, stood up and put his arms 
around him and gave him a hug and 
said: "My lad, if you will always do 
this, the Lord will bless you and you will 
be happy." He said: "From that day 
on I was blessed, because every week 
my earnings increased until I had 
enough to come into the mission field. 
I will always be grateful to that bishop 
because he was kind." 

Brethren, we all have our responsi- 
bilities and our difficulties to face, but 
bishops, presidents of branches, you 
who come in such close contact with the 
members, never fail to put your arms 
around them and encourage them. Kind- 
ness above all else will keep them close 
to you and the Church. 

God bless us and help us that our 
love and our kindness may have such 
an effect upon our membership that all 
will want to turn to the Lord and keep 
His commandments, is my prayer, in 
Jesus' name. Amen. 




(Continued from page 275) 

President Calvin Coolidge once said: 

Our government rests upon religion. It 
is from that source that we derive our rev- 
erence for truth and justice, for equality and 
liberality, and for the rights of mankind. 
Unless the people believe in these principles 
they cannot believe in our government. 
There are only two main theories of govern- 
ment in the world. One rests on righteous- 
ness and the other on force. One appeals 
to reason, the other appeals to the sword. 
One is exemplified in a republic, the other 
is represented by a despotism. 

The government of a country never gets 
ahead of the religion of a country. There 
is no way by which we can substitute the 
authority of law for the virtue of men. 

Of course we can help to restrain the vicious 
and furnish a fair degree of security and 
protection by legislation and police control, 
but the real reform which society in these 
days is seeking will come as a result of 
religious convictions, or they will not come 
at all. Peace, justice, charity — these can- 
not be legislated into being. They are the 
result of Divine Grace. 

It is true that a country cannot get 
ahead of its religion. The higher our 
ideals, the nearer we observe divine 
law, and the stronger are our spiritual 
forces. No Christian country can for- 
sake the divinity of Jesus Christ and 
not suffer. In those lands in Europe 
where paganism has superseded the 




Christian ideals, there is bound to come 
decay and eventually, if there is no re- 
pentance, their former greatness will 
be forgotten. Jesus said: "And why 
call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the 
things which I say?" (Luke 6:46). 

Here is another inspiring thought. 
It was copied from a panel on the wall 
in the chapel at Stanford University. 

There is no narrowing so deadly as the 
narrowing of man's horizon of spiritual 
things. No worse evil could befall him in 
his course on earth than to lose sight of 
heaven; and it is not civilization that can 
prevent this; it is not civilization that can 
compensate for it. No widening of science, 
no possession of abstract truth, can indem- 
nify for an enfeebled hold on the highest 
and eternal truth of humanity. 

What shall a man give in exchange for 
his soul? 

But some one will say: "Are we not 
living in the most enlightened age the 
world has ever seen? Is it not true 
that great progress is being made to 
lessen the burdens and increase the hap- 
piness of man?" Yes, this is true in 
regard to many material things. Great 
progress has been made in mechanics, 
chemistry, physics, surgery, and other 
things. Men have built great telescopes 
that have brought the hidden galaxies to 
view. They have, by the aid of the 
microscope, discovered vast worlds of 
micro-organisms, some of which are as 
deadly as are men towards their fellow 
men. They have discovered means to 
control disease; they have, by the aid 
of anesthesia, made men insensible to 
pain, thus permitting major and deli- 
cate operations which could not other- 
wise be performed. They have invented 
machines more sensitive than the hu- 
man touch, more far-seeing than the 
human eye. They have controlled ele- 
ments and made machinery that can 
move mountains, and many other things 
have they done too numerous to men- 

tion. Yes, this is a wonderful age. 
However, all of these discoveries and 
inventions have not drawn men nearer 
to God! Nor created in their hearts 
humility and the spirit of repentance, 
but to the contrary, to their condemna- 
tion. Nearly everything, it seems, 
which has been given that should be a 
blessing to men, has been turned to 
evil. Many of these discoveries and 
inventions are now being used to bring 
destruction to the human race. They 
are being used in the most cruel, most 
inhuman, godless war this world has 
ever seen. They are employed by crim- 
inals to aid them in their crimes, by 
the ambitious in their efforts to destroy 
the agency of man, and by despots who 
are endeavoring to subjugate the world 
to an unholy, wicked rule. 

Faith has not increased in the world, 
nor has righteousness, nor obedience 
to God. What the world needs today 
is to draw nearer to the Lord. We 
need more humble, abiding faith in our 
Redeemer, more love in our hearts for 
our Eternal Father and for our fellow 
men. Yes, this is a good time, a vital 
time — if we are to survive the forces 
of evil— for every man to forsake the 
paths of sin and turn unto the Lord 
who will abundantly pardon. If we 
will do this, we may in confidence call 
upon the Lord and He will be near. 
He will help us fight our battles to 
cleanse the world of despotism and 
make it a fit abode for all who love the 
principles of truth and righteousness. 

"Blessed is the nation whose God is 
the Lord" (Psalms 33:12). Let us 
make our nation all that it was destined 
to be, and this will come if we will 
humble ourselves and learn to be obedi- 
ent to divine law. 

May the peace and blessings of the 
Lord be ours, I humbly pray, in the 
name of Jesus Christ. Amen. 


(Continued from page 271) 
from European civilization. That is a mis- 
take. It still exists; but it weighs now only 
upon woman, and it is called prostitution. 
Life and social order have spoken their 
last word to her. All that can happen to 
her has happened. She has endured all, 
borne all, experienced all, suffered all, lost 
all, wept for all. She is resigned with that 
resignation which resembles indifference as 
death resembles sleep. She shuns nothing 
now. She fears nothing now. Every cloud 
falls upon her and all the oceans sweep over 

This corroding evil is just as de- 
moralizing to the young man as it is to 
the young woman. In the Church of 
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints there 
is no double standard of morality. The 
young man should approach the mar- 
riage altar just as fit for fatherhood as 

his sweetheart is worthy of mother- 

And what has all this to do with the 
greatness of a nation? The answer is 
apparent. Pure water does not flow 
from a polluted spring — nor a healthy 
nation from a diseased parentage. 

Chastity, not indulgence, during the 
pre-marital years, is the source of 
harmony and happiness in the home, 
and the chief contributing factor to the 
health and perpetuity of the race. All 
the virtues that make up a beautiful 
character — loyalty, dependability, con- 
fidence, trust, love of God, and fidelity 
to man — are associated with this dia- 
dem in the crown of virtuous woman- 
hood and of virile manhood. 

The word of the Lord to His Church 
(Concluded on page 314) 

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{Concluded from page 313) 

is: Keep yourself unspotted from the 
world (Jas. 1:27). 

Yes, America is a "land choice above 
all other lands." It is the responsibil- 
ity of Americans to build a mighty and 
superior nation. The history of the 
nations of the past proves that nations 
in the most fruitful and most produc- 
tive of all lands may become senile and 

While our sons, sweethearts, and 
husbands are offering their lives in de- 
fense of the God-given gift of free 
agency and for the right to live without 
the domination of tyranny, let us in the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day 
Saints as citizens of our beloved coun- 
try, use our influence to see that men 
and women of upright character, of 
unimpeachable honor are elected to of- 
fice, that our homes are kept unpolluted 
and unbroken by infidelity, that chil- 
dren therein will be trained to keep 

the commandments of the Lord, to be 
"honest, true, chaste, benevolent, and 
virtuous, and to do good to all men." 
Cherishing such ideals, we can with all 
our hearts say with the poet Holmes: 

Thou, too, sail on, O Ship of State! 
Sail on, O Union, strong and great! 
Humanity with all its fears, 
With all the hope of future years, 
Is hanging breathless on thy fate! 

In the present crisis of the nations of 
the globe I pray that this great nation 
and the Dominion on the north may 
be truly the harbor of freedom, and a 
safe guide to the confused peoples of 
the world. 

May members of the Church of Jesus 
Christ, preaching the restored gospel, 
ever remember the Savior's injunction: 
"Ye are the light of the world. . . . Let 
your light so shine before men, that 
they may see your good works, and 
glorify your Father which is in heav- 
en" (Matt. 5:14, 16). 


{Concluded from page 263) 

(Organ presented "We'll Sing All Hail 
to Jesus' Name" — Coslett) 

Evans: As we near the close of this 
hour from Temple Square the choir gives 
voice to a seventeenth century chorale by 
Johann Cruger — '"Now thank we all our 
God . . . who from our mother's arms, 
hath blest us on our way. . . . O may 
this bounteous God through all our life be 
near us. . . . Now thank we all our God." 

(Choir sang "Now Thank We All Our 
God ' ' — Cr ug er-Muell er ) 

(Choir sang "Gently Raise" and organ 
modulated into "As the Dew") 

Evans: This Sabbath hour from the 
Crossroads of the West is ended. Until 
we beckon your thoughts again unto the 

hills, may peace be with you this day — 
and always. 

This concludes the 716th nationwide per- 
formance of this traditional broadcast from 
the Mormon Tabernacle on Temple Square, 
presented by the Columbia network and its 
affiliated stations, originating with Radio 
Station KSL in Salt Lake City. 

With the passing of another seven days, 
music and the spoken word will be heard 
again from Temple Square at this same hour 
next Sunday. 

The singing of the Tabernacle choir was 
conducted by J. Spencer Cornwall. Alex- 
ander Schreiner was at the organ. The 
spoken word by Richard Evans. 

This is the Columbia Broadcasting Sys- 

■ ♦ ■ 



{Continued from page 269) 
who are worthy members of the Church 
may go into the temple. No one else 
enters there. The rite is performed for 
no one else but worthy members. 

Long experience has shown that mar- 
riages between our young people and 
young people not members of the 
Church do not, as a rule, work out hap- 
pily. In the great bulk of cases, the 
opposite is the result. These mixed 
marriages cannot be performed in the 

Furthermore, we stand for a single 
standard of chastity for boys and the 
girls. We look upon unchastity as a 
sin next to murder. 

For these reasons we have from the 
very beginning discouraged indiscrim- 
inate social minglings between our 
young people and young people who, 
as we have coined the phrase, "are not 

We are now called to sacrifice our 
sons. I did not ask you to rise, but I am 
sure there are many men here who have 
lost sons. I lost a son-in-law, as dear 
to me as my own son. Almost the first 
explosion at Pearl Harbor took him. 
But the point I wish to make is that 
because we have to sacrifice our sons 
is no reason why we should sacrifice 
our daughters. 

Every consideration of faith, prin- 
ciples of right living, Church doctrine, 
and Church standards, requires that we 
should guard, as we would guard our 
lives, the chastity of our girls. There 
are all kinds of influences at work to 
break down these standards. I was 
told the other day that we have a new 
phrase, that young girls who smoke and 
drink and may be doing other things, 
talk about "new Mormons" as distin- 
guished from the "old Mormons." I 
wish to say to them that those who 


abandon the standards and principles 
of the Church are not Mormons at all. 
But we must all be "old Mormons." 
We are all a little bit too sensitive to 
the praise of others. We are too eager 
that people shall say sweet things about 
us. We must go forward, whether 
people praise us or censure us. We 
must guard the chastity of our girls 
no matter what anyone says about it. 

To the Young Women of the 

[" WANT to say something to the young 
girls of the Church, and as it is a 
difficult subject, I have written down 
what I wish to say. 

Your brothers, your sweethearts, 
your young husbands are in the armed 
service of their country. They went 
away with pledges of devotion and 
loyalty to you, pledges that they would 
keep themselves sexually clean. You 
are hoping, praying, and expecting that 
they will keep their pledges to the letter. 
You made counter pledges orally or in 
your hearts. You expect them to keep 
their pledges; they expect you to keep 
yours. Either violating the pledge, has 
no right to expect its observance by the 

Furthermore, you young women and 
girls, whose loved ones are in the serv- 
ice, expect them to keep themselves 
pure in mind and heart as well as in 
body. You expect them to remember 
that the Lord said: "Whosoever look- 
eth on a woman to lust after her hath 
committed adultery with her already in 
his heart" (Matt. 5:28); and that in 
our day He has added: "If any shall 
commit adultery in their hearts, they 
shall not have the Spirit, but shall deny 
the faith and shall fear" (D. & C. 63: 
16). That they may be free from this 
sin of the heart, you expect them to 
keep wholly clear from social associa- 
tions with bad companions, men or 
women. You expect them to forego 
those light or frivolous amusements or 
recreations that might lead to this sin, 
— you expect this notwithstanding they 
are subject over repeated periods of 
time to the hazard of immediate death 
itself, periods which give rise to the 
imperative need for intervals of relax- 
ation and diversion so that reason may 
retain her throne and insanity be kept 

All this you expect of them. 

May they not rightfully expect as 
much of you? May they not justly 
expect that you too will remain free 
from bodily sin not only, but from this 
sin of the heart as well? May they not 
expect that if they who are subject to 
the horrors and misery of war, subject 
to the stress and strain of mortal com- 
bat, often hand to hand, that if they, to 
remain pure and clean, shall stay in 
camp away from the social diversions 

that bring temptation, that then you who 
are living in the peace and quiet and 
security of home and parents and friends 
will give up the frivolities of social re- 
laxation in order that you may surely 
keep yourselves clean and pure for 
them? Surely your sacrifice is as the 
molehill against theirs as the mountain. 
Putting it at the lowest price, just good 
sportsmanship would require this much 
of you. Memory of the plighted faith 
would demand it. 

I urge you young women and girls 
to remember that in the schedule of 
crimes, unchastity comes next to mur- 
der. Do not subject yourselves to its 
penalty. The Lord has said: "Blessed 
are the pure in heart: for they shall see 
God" (Matt. 5:8). 

The Great Paradox 

"\17hat a tragic spectacle man is show- 
ing to his God today. We have 
rightly boasted for nearly a hundred 
years that in this, the Last Dispensation 
of the Fulness of Times, the Lord was 
pouring out His inspiration and His 
blessings upon all the world, unlocking 
to His children secrets that never were 
dreamed of by the ancients, giving them 
powers and dominions over the forces 
of nature, bringing under subjection al- 
most the universe. Look at what the last 
century has given us in art, literature, 
science, discoveries, for our blessing and 
advancement. God gave all this to us 
to bless us. And then consider that 
now, in this terrible hour, every de- 
vice, every invention, every discovery 
God gave us to bless us is being used 
to destroy one another in one of the 
most barbarous wars of all time. God 
will not hold guiltless those responsible 
for this holocaust. 

God give us strength and power to 
resist evil. You brethren here, the gov- 
erning authority of the Church, have 
almost infinite power in your hands, if 
you will but reach out and magnify 
your callings and live righteously. The 
brethren today have time and again told 
you of your responsibilities. Personal- 
ly I always think of the responsibility 
I have; it helps to keep me at least 
reasonably humble. But think also of 
the power that you have, the power to 
bless, the power to heal, the power to 
do all the things that the Lord wants 
done. The Lord will hold us respon- 
sible for the exercise of that power. 
May He help you, I repeat, to magnify 
your calling. May you be able to bring 
to the people in the times that are to 
come, comfort, and consolation. May 
He help you to build up their faith, in- 
crease their testimonies, develop their 
knowledge, so that you may really honor 
His Priesthood, exercising the full func- 
tions thereof. 

May God bless us always, I humbly 
pray, in the name of Jesus Christ. Amen. 

! /" 





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We appreciate your cooperation 

Ask your dealer for Glade's 
"11 it's Glade's — -it's good" 


KEEPING your combine in shape 
for efficient performance and 
maximum life is more a matter of 
systematic care than of hard work. 
It's making sure that everything is 
tight, cutting parts sharp, moving 
parts well lubricated . . . that it 
operates at the proper speed for the 
crop you're harvesting. 


Keep it Properly Repaired 

Before the rush 
of harvest, check 
over your com- 
bine thoroughly. 
Tighten all loose 
connections. Re- 
place worn or 
broken parts. 
Check condition 
of V-belts and 
chains. Align 
sheaves. Adjust 
safety slip 
clutches. On engine-driven combines, give 
line the same care vou would vour 

clutches. On engine-driven combines, give 
the engine the same care you would your 


Operate at Proper Speed 

When your crop 
is ready to thresh 
— dead ripe — use 
a good speed in- 
dicator to make 
sure _ that your 
combine operates 
at the correct 
basic speed. Then 
regulate accord- 
ing to the require- 
ments of your 
crop. Adjust ten- «*•"»»" 

sion on V-belts. Follow exactly the sug- 
gestions in your combine operating manual. 

See Your Implement Dealer 

When repairs 
are needed for 
your John Deere 
Combine, get 
genuine repair 
parts from your 
dealer. If your 
combine needs a 
general overhaul- 
ing, he has the 
facilities to do a 
thorough, efficient 
job. Furthermore, 
through his contacts with many combine 
owners, he can give you good advice for 
unusual harvesting conditions. 


In this period of national emergency, it 
is important to make your present combine 
last and to operate it as efficiently as 

J>ossible to save labor, time, and grain, 
f yours is a John Deere Combine, it was 
built for years of low-cost, grain-saving 
harvesting. With proper care, it will give 
you longer service. 





(Concluded from page 273) 
cattle & one wagon for the benefit of 
the cause. 

Friday, June 5. 
left for Nauvoo. 
[Snow], Aunt G. 

Col. M[arkham] 

S. Smith, Adeline 

& Harriet [Snow] 


Sunday, June 7. Yesterday I was 
sent for to visit Lorenzo, found him 
worse — Orson Pratt crossed the river 
today after meeting. Orson Hyde ar- 
riv'd yesterday or the day before. Yes- 
terday, saw Leonora [Lorenzo Snow's 
sister] & the girls [daughters Cornelia 
and Melissa] — but the pleasure of 
our meeting was lessened by our broth- 
er's severe illness. 

Wednesday, June 10. 
Smith & Calvin start for Fox ^^ 

Thursday, June 1 1 . Lor- 
enzo seems considerably bet- 
ter; in the eve' I returned to 
Br. M[arkham's]. The last 
few days have pass'd in such 
anxiety — -I feel great reason 
for thankfulness that the Lord 
has giv'n me strength to ad- 
minister to Lforenzo]. Time 
passes almost imperceptibly 
yet every day brings the ar- 
rival of saints from the City 
[Nauvoo] and the departure 
of saints from Mount Pisgah. 
Amasa Lyman crosses the 
river today — parted with 
Cornelia, &c. 

Saturday, June 13. Sent 
for to visit L[orenzo] again 
— found him worse, stayed 
till Sunfday] eve [ning]. Pro- 
pos'd that Porter [Squires] 
make a garden. 

Monday, June 15. Harriet 
[Snow] came to let me know 
that Lforenzo] is very rav- 
ing. I walk'd over & found 
him in a distressed condition. 
Father Hfuntington] 6 Gen. 
R[ich] soon came. They ad- 
minister'd to him & leaving 
him in the care of Br. Hoyt, 
said they would go & clothe 
& pray for him in the order 
of the Priesthood. He soon 
became calm — had a short return of the 
paroxysm in the eve[ning]. I sat by him 
all night — he rested quietly. P[orter 
Squires] is making garden at Father 
M [orley] 's camp. 

Tuesday, June 16. Elder [Wilford] 
Woodruff call'd to see us — had a very 
pleasant interview — he administer 'd to 
L [orenzo] . 

Wednesday, June 17. Lforenzo] 
was baptized [for his health]— I re- 
turned to Col. M[arkham's] in the 

Thursday, June 18. Rain'd very lit- 
tle, our people finish planting gardens. 

Saturday, June 20. Yes[terday] a 
letter was receiv'd from Brigham's 
Camp which is 125 m[ile]s from here, 
where they propose stopping to replen- 

ish their provisions, build boats &c. Br. 
[Ezra O] Benson returns, who left a 
week ago to visit the Camp. Br. & 
Sisjter] Smoot call'd on us. 

Wednesday, June 24. It has been 
very cold & windy for several days — 
commenc'd raining in the night, rain'd 
all day. Monday eve [ning] a meet was 
call'd & a letter read from Headquarters 
calling for 100 men, baggage, wagons, 
&c. Reported that Boggs is ahead of 
the Camp with troops — My health im- 
proving — Yes[terday] sis[ter] Gleason 
sewed a hat of my braid — O Lord, my 
God, I pray for health that I may be 




Friday, June 26. Amos Rogers died 
last night. 

Saturday, June 27. Heard that a mes- 
senger pass'd thro' here on Thursday 
eve [ning] bringing word that Col. 
Backenstos & Markham were at the 
head of a Com[pany] of troops last 
Sunday to defeat Williams who was at 
Golden's Point with 500 mob &c. Lfor- 
enzo] had his wagon driv'n to our tent 
& I could not disuade him from his pur- 
pose but I must go with him to Father 
[Isaac C] Morley's settlement about 
a mile up the river, where Porter 
[Squires] has made a garden. Forgot 


to mention that four Government Offi- 
cers were here on Friday to raise vol- 
unteers for the Mexican war. 

Tuesday, June 30. A very heavy 
rain last eve[ning]. Fath[er] [Isaac 
G] Morley & fam[ily] leave this after- 
noon for the west. I wrote to sis[ter] 
W[oodruff] and K[imball]. The last 
word from the Camp is for all to come 
on who can. 

Wednesday, July 1. Pfarley] P. 


Pratt arriv'd from the Camp in two 
days or a little more — a meeting call'd 
— [Ef«ra C] Benson who with father 
Huntington & Gen. [Chas. C] Rich, 
form'd the presidency here, is appointed 
to take the place of J[ohn] E. Page in 
the quorum of Twelve. I[saac] More- 
ly is to be sent for to return & fill his 
place as Coun [selor] to f [ather] H [unt- 
ington]. A Com[pany] of 500 with- 
out families are call'd for to go with 
the Twelve over the mountains. 
. ♦ • 

I have been quite sick since I left 
Mt. Pisgah — am some better. 

Thursday, July 2. L [orenzo] walk'd 
from the wag [on] to the garden — 
seems getting well. The weather is 
extremely hot. 

Sunday, July 5. Br. Little, who is 
appointed to preside over the eastern 
churches, at meeting today is on his 
way to the Twelve with business from 

(To be continued) 


(President Grant's Conference Address) 

(Continued from page 267) 

from being saved, except ourselves. We 
are the architects of our own lives, not only 
of the lives here, but the lives to come in 
the eternity. We ourselves are able to 
perform every duty and obligation that God 
has required of men. No commandment 
was ever given to us but that God has given 
us the power to keep that commandment. 
If we fail, we, and we alone, are responsible 
for the failure, because God endows His 
servants from the President of the Church 
down to the humblest member, with all the 
ability, all the knowledge, all the power 
that is necessary, faithfully, diligently, and 
properly to discharge every duty and every 
obligation that rests upon them, and we, 
and we alone, will have to answer if we fail 
in this regard. 

This would be forty-odd years ago. 
These were my sentiments as expressed 
then, and I repeat them as my sentiments 
today, with all my heart and soul. 

I want to thank the people for their 
prayers in my behalf. I have not been 
well now for a period of more than 
three years, and yet during all that time 
I have never suffered any pain. My 
days have been full of joy. I have seen 
the Church grow in these years as I 
have never seen it grow before. It has 
been wonderful. The business institu- 
tions in which the Church is interested 
— the sugar business, the key to the es- 
tablishment of which was given through 
the inspiration of the living God to 
Wilford Woodruff — have been greatly 
prospered. In every respect the ad- 
vancement of the Church during the 
time of my illness has been so great 
that this has been a period of real, gen- 
uine joy and happiness to me. I want 
to thank all the people connected with 
the various institutions in which the 
Church is heavily interested, for the 
wonderful work they have done. I 
have not the language to express the 
gratitude I have felt and the joy I have 
experienced during these three years 
because of the marvelous growth of the 
Church and the prosperity that has at- 
tended it on every hand. During this 
time my Counselors have been most 
helpful to me. I have been relieved of 
the drudgery of the work. I have been 
informed on everything that was going 
on, and I repeat the Church has never 
before experienced anything like the 
prosperity it has enjoyed during this 

time. The way in which these brethren 
have assisted me, relieved me of bur- 
dens, responded to every suggestion, 
fills my heart with unexpressible grati- 
tude to them and to my Heavenly 

I am grateful for the prosperity that 
has come to me and that I have been 
able to help in the erection of temples 
and in contributing to a fund to be 
used in the erection of other temples 
not yet built. One of the joys of my 
life fifty years ago was the dedication 
of the Salt Lake Temple. As a child 
I commenced by donating the amount 
of twenty-five cents a month and con- 
tinued making contributions for that 
purpose until finally the little stake over 
which I presided — the Tooele Stake — 
raised fifteen thousand dollars as a spe- 
cial contribution just before the dedi- 
cation. I am grateful to join with you 
in commemorating the fiftieth annivers- 
ary of its dedication. 

The Lord has been good to me, and 
he has answered the prayers of the 
people as well as my own prayers that 
while the Lord should leave me here 
upon earth I should be able physically 
and mentally to go forward in the fur- 
therance of His work. I feel that the 
recovery I have made has been really 

I am grateful to the Lord for the way 
in which He has opened the hearts of 
the people and led them to pay their 
tithing. The Church has never in all 
its history been in as strong a financial 
position as it is today. When I think 
that in President Woodruff's time the 
credit of the Church was so low that 
he could not borrow a thousand dollars 
and that now the credit is so high we 
could borrow any sum that we might 
need, I am made happy beyond all ex- 
pression. We have enough money to 
do all the things which it is necessary 
for us to do in carrying on the work of 
the Church. I want to say to the peo- 
ple that we are guarding the funds 
which you place in our hands. We are 
spending them only for the advancement 
of the work of the Lord and we feel 
that these are trust funds of the very 
highest character. Our tithing for the 
year 1942 was more than fifty percent 
greater than in 1941, and notwithstand- 
ing the enormous burden of taxes which 

the people now have to pay and not- 
withstanding the many and great calls 
which are made upon them to buy gov- 
ernment bonds, to make Red Cross con- 
tributions, to contribute to community 
chests, and to make also their regular 
Church contributions such as fast offer- 
ings, Welfare contributions, and the 
like, nevertheless for the opening months 
of this year our tithing is far and away 
beyond what it was for the same period 
in 1942. 

I am happy to tell you that we have 
purchased in the Oakland area another 
temple site. The negotiations have 
been finally concluded and the title has 
passed. The site is located on the lower 
foothills of East Oakland on a rounded 
hill overlooking San Francisco Bay. 
We shall in due course build there a 
splendid temple. 

We are prepared to go forward with 
the building of the Los Angeles Temple 
on the beautiful site we have there 
just so soon as it is possible to do so 
in view of priorities and other war-time 

The Idaho Falls Temple is nearing 
completion. This is a beautiful build- 
ing. It is being artistically decorated 
and furnished, and we look forward to 
its dedication in the not distant future. 

I am grateful to our Heavenly Father 
for the faith and faithfulness of this 
great people, for their devotion to His 
service, for their effort and determina- 
tion to live in accordance with His 
laws and commandments. 

I thank our Heavenly Father that He 
has given them the strength and cour- 
age to resist evils as well as they have 
been able to do so. I pray that He will 
bless the youth of the Church and give 
them strength to overcome temptation. 
I pray that He will bring into the heart 
of every boy and of every girl a knowl- 
edge that cleanliness is next to godliness, 
that they must live clean both in mind 
and in body, that they will understand 
that the sin of unchastity is to the Lord 
next to the sin of murder. 

I pray that the Lord will give to the 
parents of the youth an understanding 
and appreciation of the dangers and 
temptations to which their children are 
subjected, that they may be led and 
guided to encourage their children, to 
(Concluded on page 319) 





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Scriptural Crossword Puzzle— Jesus Healing a Lame Man 

on the Sabbath 

"Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him 
that sent me, hath everlasting lite, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed 
from death unto life."- — John 5:24. 




. . . for thee to carry thy bed" John 

. . art made whole" John 5:14 
I am coming, another steppeth down" 

bed" John 5:9 

and running . . ." 

. . long time in 

Luke 6:38 
that case" 

1 Township 
3 "it is not 

"but . . . 
John 5:7 

and ... up his 

shaken together 

had been now 
John 5:6 

16 The (Fr.) 

17 "ye have neither heard his voice at any time, 
. . . seen his shape" John 5:37 

19 "For the Father loveth the . . ." John 5:20 

22 "said unto thee. Take up thy bed, and . . ." 
John 5:12 

23 Israelite of the tribe of Asher I Chron. 7:34 
25 "a certain . . . was there" John 5:5 
27 "That Christ cometh of the . . . of David" 

John 7:42 


28 Girl's name 

30 "When Jesus . . . him lie" John 5:6 

33 and 40 down "of , withered, waiting 

for the moving of the water" John 5:3 

35 Southern state 

36 "fled before the men of . . ." Josh. 7:4 

39 "and on the same . . . was the sabbath" John 5:9 

40 "said unto . . . that was cured" John 5:10 

41 "They reel to and . . ., and stagger" Ps. 107:27 
43 "he that was . . . wist not who it was" John 

45 Sphere 
47 Month in Hebrew calendar 

49 Thallium 

50 ". . ., take up they bed, and walk" John 5:8 

51 "to put . . . into the pool" John 5:7 

52 "and troubled the . . ." John 5:4 

53 Sleigh 

1 Though 

certain season into the 

2 "angel went down at a 
. . ." John 5:4 

4 The last of law 

5 "immediately the man was made . . ." John 5:9 

6 "having . . . porches" John 5:2 

7 A tree 

8 Genus of the fish-lice family 

9 Size of shot 

10 United Kingdom 

12 "My Father worketh hitherto, and I . . ." 
John 5:17 

18 "putteth new wine into . . . bottles" Luke 5:37 

19 "It is the . . . day" John 5:10 

20 Son of Zerubbabel I Chron. 3:20 

21 Unless (Lat.) 

22 "Why could not . . . cast him out" Mark 9:28 
26 Nova Scotia 

27 Southwest 

29 "and the lizard, and the . . ., and the mole" 
Lev. 11:30 

31 "there is . . . Jerusalem, by the sheep market a 
pool" John 5:2 

32 "In these ... a great multitude of impotent folk" 
John 5:3 

34 Ten cents 

35 General Assembly 

37 "there was a feast . . . the Jews" John 5:1 

38 "lest a . . . thing come unto thee" John 5:14 
40 See 33 across 

42 Perplex 

44 Greek letter 

46 "same said unto me. Take up thy . . ., and 

walk" John 5:11 
48 "Wilt thou . . . made whole" John 6:6 
50 Recording Secretary 


THE EDITOR'S PAGE (President Grant's Conference Address) 

(Concluded from page 317) 
direct them, to teach them how to live 
as the Lord would have them live. 
The Lord has said He would sift His 
people, and I pray that when that sift- 
ing comes no parent may have failed 
to do his duty, and no child shall have 
failed to obey the commandments of 
the Lord. 

Under the authority and power given 
to me, with all my heart and soul I bless 
the Latter-day Saints. Again I thank 
them from the bottom of my heart for 
their faith and for their prayers in my 
behalf, and I am grateful to have had 
their faith and prayers. I believe that 
all true, faithful, diligent Latter-day 
Saints have given to me the best that 
is in them, in supplicating God in my 
behalf, for His Spirit, for health, for 
vigor in body and mind. I pray that 
God's blessings may be upon Israel and 
upon all honest men everywhere. I 
pray with all my heart that those who 
have made mistakes will repent; and 
by this we may know that they have 
repented— they will confess their sins 
and depart from them. 

I desire especially to extend my bless- 
ing to all the men and women who pre- 
side in all the stakes of Zion through- 
out the Church, in all the missions, in 
all the wards, in all the quorums of the 
Priesthood, and in all the auxiliary or- 
ganizations. I am convinced beyond 
the shadow of a doubt that there can- 
not be found in any part of the world 
other men and women giving so unself- 
ishly of their time, of their talents, and 
of the best that is in them, for the salva- 
tion of the souls of men. I am satisfied 
that there are no other people who are 
devoting so much of their time, of their 

money, of their thoughts, and of their 
very being for the advancement of God's 
work at home and abroad, as are the 
Latter-day Saints. And with all the 
power that God has given me, I desire 
to bless the men and women who are 
thus giving their time and thought and 
are setting examples that are worthy of 
imitation, not only of those over whom 
they preside, but of all men. Every 
man and woman who is laboring for the 
salvation of the souls of men and keep- 
ing the commandments of God is en- 
titled to be blessed, and I pray God that 
His blessings may come to them. 

I want to bear you my witness that 
no man or woman ever lived and kept 
the laws and commandments of God 
and who lived according to the teach- 
ings of the gospel of Jesus Christ, that 
God did not love and honor. This 
gospel of Jesus Christ which I have em- 
braced and which you have embraced 
is in very deed the plan of life and sal- 
vation which has been again revealed 
to the earth. It is the same gospel that 
was proclaimed by our Lord and Master 
Jesus Christ. 

I bear witness to you here today that 
we have the truth, that God has spoken 
again, that every gift, every grace, every 
power and every endowment that came 
through the holy Priesthood of the liv- 
ing God in the days of the Savior are 
enjoyed today. I rejoice in knowing 
that these things that should be enjoyed 
— the blessings, the healing power of 
Almighty God, the inspiration of His 
Spirit whereby men and women have 
manifestations from Him, the inspiration 
of the Spirit of God whereby people 
speak by new tongues and have the in- 
terpretation thereof, and each and every 

grace and gift — are enjoyed today by 
the Latter-day Saints. 

I know that God lives. I know that 
Jesus is the Christ. I know that Jo- 
seph Smith was a prophet of God. I 
have reached out my hand. I have 
plucked the fruits of the gospel. I have 
eaten of them, and they are sweet, yea, 
above all that is sweet. I know that 
God chose His prophet Joseph Smith 
and gave him instructions and author- 
ity to establish this work, and that the 
power and the influence of Joseph 
Smith are now being felt as the angel 
promised. His name is known for good 
or evil all over the world, but for evil 
only by those who malign him. Those 
who know him, those who know his 
teachings, know his life was pure and 
that his teachings were in very deed 
God's law. I know that we have the 
plan of life and salvation, not only for 
the living but for the dead. We have 
all that is necessary both for our own 
salvation, that we may be in very deed 
saviors upon Mount Zion and enter in- 
to the temples of our God, and also for 
those of our ancestors who have died 
without a knowledge of the gospel. 

I say again: This is the same gospel 
that was proclaimed by our Lord and 
Master Jesus Christ, for which He gave 
His life in testimony, and that the lives 
of our own Prophet and Patriarch were 
given as a witness to the divinity of 
the work in which we are engaged. 
Mormonism, so-called, is in very deed 
the gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ. 
God has given me a witness of these 
things. I know them, and I bear wit- 
ness to you, in all humility, and I do it 
in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. 


—with an uitnoPoticyf 

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H. K. DENT, President . . .Home Office: SEATTLE 

Utah - Southern Idaho Service Office, 201 McCornick Bldg., Salt Lake City, Utah 





El Paso, Texas 
Dear Editor: 

IN an attempt to differentiate between one of the states of our 
union and the Republic of Mexico there has arisen a very 
common usage of the term "Old Mexico." "Old" in this in- 
stance is as superfluous as if we were to say "Old England" 
in contrast to New England, or " Old York," "Old Zealand" 
and "Old Hampshire." New Mexico came into being when 
it was severed from Mexico in the nineteenth century. The 
area embraced in both of these formed a part of what at one 
time was known as New Spain. Yet, we never heard of 
"Old Spain." There are no official maps in existence today 
(with die probable exception of a Chamber of Commerce 
edition) that designate the land of our neighbors to the 
south as "Old Mexico." So, "let's say it correctly" and call it 

Sincerely yours, 

Virgil V. Peterson 



ENCLOSED is check payable to your order for $30.00, for which 
we request that you enter a subscription in the name of 
Ogden Stake, also each ward and branch within the stake as 
shown by the enclosed mailing list attached to the check. . . Each 
issue contains information and instructions with respect to the 
program of the Church as applied to all organizations. For 
that reason we think there should be a copy of the Era not only 
in the office of the stake presidency but in the offices of each 
bishop and branch president within the stake so that at any time 
a question arises, even in council meeting, and in private inter- 
views, the Era will be available and can be consulted. 

We would like these subscriptions to begin with January, if 
you can obtain the back numbers, so that at the end of the year 
we can have the volume bound and make it a permanent part of 
the stake and ward libraries. 

We thank you in advance for the usual prompt attention to 
our request. 

Very truly yours, 

S. G. Dye, 

President, Ogden Stake 


FOR being the first from their respective areas to report er- 
rors found in the March issue of the Era, choice of Gospel 
Standards or In the Gospel Net goes to the following readers: 

Albert G. Call, Jr., Boise, Idaho; Lowell M. Durham, Iowa 
City, Iowa; George M. Easter, Flushing, New York; Mrs. 
Jennis R. Farley, Salt Lake City; Florence Kooyman, Sacra- 
mento, California. 

The invitation to discover and report errors is extended 
for the current issue, fourth month of "proofing the proofreader," 
which seems to be providing good sport for a host of readers — 
too many for us to acknowledge individually— and which is 
certainly making us watch our p's and q's. 

Address a penny postcard to 50 North Main St., Salt Lake 
City, on or before May 25th. To make fair distribution of 
awards possible, the country has been roughly divided into 
six geographical sections, including Canada. First person to 
report a bona fide error from each section receives the book 
of his choice. 



Here's a bit of innocent humor — at our expense — as con- 
tained in the well-intentioned letter of a guileless contrib- 

"Dear Sir: A few months ago I wrote my first short story. 
. . . Although the teacher gave it a good grade, other people 
have called it too moralistic, too old-fashioned, and even too 
devoid of excitement for any of the college publications. . . . 
These same critics suggested that I send it to you. . . ." 

P.S. The Era did not accept the story. 


Ovid, Idaho 

WILL be seventy-six in June and have read the Era since its 
first issue. 

Mrs. Emma W. Porter 



Miller's ice-house caught fire, and though a determined 
effort was made to save the building from flames, it burned 
to the ground. With it 20,000 pounds of ice were reduced to 


Wife (in back seat) : "Henry, dear! You mustn't drive 
so fast!" 

Husband: "Why not?" 

Wife: "The motor policeman who has been following us 
won't like it." 


A lady overheard her colored maid make a rather short 
reply at the telephone and then hang up. She called her: 
"Mandy, who was that at the phone?" 

"Tain't nobody, Ma'am. Jes' a lady sayin* 'It's a long 
distance from New York,' and Ah says, 'Yas'm, it sure is.' ' 


Marjorie (going to bed): "Mother, I needn't brush the 
tooth the dentist is going to pull tomorrow, need I?" 


Customer: "I want to buy three lawn-mowers." 
Dealer: "You must have a big place." 
Customer: "No . . . but I have two neighbors." 


"The expedition endured the extremest hardship." 
"Yes, I understand they were locked in the ice during two 
lecture seasons." 


"So you propose to take my daughter from me without any 

Nervous Young Man: "Not at all. If there is anything 
concerning her you want to warn me about, I'm willing to 


Mrs. Brown: "I admire Dr. Young immensely. He is so 
persevering in the face of difficulties that he always reminds 
me of Patience sitting on a monument." 

Mr. Brown: "Yes; but what I am becoming rather alarmed 
about is the number of monuments sitting on his patients." 


The first essential in training a child is to have more sense 
than the child. 


A woman made a purchase from one of the flower girls in 
Piccadilly Circus and said: "I suppose you will be here on 
Wednesday! I shall want a lot of flowers for my daughter; 
she is coming out on that day." 

"She shall have the best in the market, mum," replied the 
flower seller sympathetically. "What's she been in for?" 


"Yes," said young Mrs. Torkins, "I am sure our garden is 
going to be a success." 

"So soon?" 

"Yes, the chickens have tasted everything and they are 
perfectly enthusiastic." 


He: "I dreamed I was married to the most beautiful girl in 
the world." 

She: "Were we happy?" 




In World War I, Arthur J. Weeber was a sergeant with the AEF. 
This time he's doing his war job on the home front — growing 
healthful eating apples, buying war bonds, and acting as air raid 
warden for his district. Mr. Weeber is a real pioneer in the Cowiche 
Valley, that little appendix to Washington State's apple- famous 
Yakima Valley. He specializes in Delicious apples and 60% to 70% 
of his Delicious rate Extra Fancy by State grade 

"With our farm tractor and family 
teamwork we expect to lick the war- 
time labor problem," Mr. Weeber told 
me. "We've got two orchards a quarter 
mile apart and both have fixed spray 
systems. I haul a double spray tank 
from one orchard to the other for alter- 
nate sprayings. The tractor also makes 
it possible to get our apples into the 
packing house and cold storage the 
same day they are picked. This helps 
assure crisp, juicy apples with real 
orchard goodness when folks buy 'em" 

Wartime apple marketing is here being dis- 
cussed by Mr. Weeber (examining young fruit) 
and J.W.Hebert, general manager of the Yak- 
ima Fruit Growers Association of "Big Y" 
apple fame. At a nearby packing house operated 
by this farm cooperative allWeeber's apples 
are washed, graded and packed — then sent to 
market in refrigerated cars. Mr. Hebert is a 
member of the Washington State Apple Ad- 
vertising Commission which has helped make 
Washington apples known for outstanding 
quality. "We of 'Big Y* have done business 
with Safeway for a dozen years or so," Mr. 
Hebert told me, "and always on a friendly basis. 
Present war conditions have increased demand 
for our apples tremendously but we haven't 
forgotten the fine cooperation we've had from 
Safeway in past marketing emergencies" 


DESPITE the wartime labor shortage, Art Weeber had a 
good harvest. His elder son, Jim, now in the Army, 
got a 2 -week furlough to pick apples. Son Henry brought 
home a group of Washington State College students to work 
for several days. Daughter Mary lent a hand — and Weeber 
himself picked 1100 boxes to finally get the crop all in the 

With his eye on postwar markets, Mr. Weeber is contin- 
uing his efforts to give his apples a red skin — the redder the 
better, he says — because people go for red apples like a child 
goes for a red wagon. What's it take to make red apples extra 
red? Mr. Weeber explains it this way: 

"I don't know those big words the scientists use but I know 
from experience that bright sunny days with cool nights close 
to the frost point bring most redness to red apples. That's 
the kind of weather we get here in the Yakima Valley — with 
morning sun evaporating the night dew from our apples. 

"By correct pruning I'm able to direct tree growth so sun- 
shine gets through to the apples as they start developing. 
And I thin out the number of apples on each tree during the 
growing season, removing all but one apple from each cluster 
— this helps the remaining apples get big and red. I also 
place props under heavy-laden branches, holding them apart 
so more sunshine can get into the apples and air circulation 
is free. Too much nitrogen in the fertilizer applied to the 
orchard soil, I've found, steps up wood and leaf growth and 
cuts down red apple color. So I disc in cover crops and what- 
ever barnyard manure I can get." 

Your Safeway Farm Reporter 


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